23/04/2006

Loi Organique n° 29/2005 du 31/12/2005 portant organisation des entités administratives de la République du Rwanda

Umwaka wa 44 n° idasanzwe                                                             Year 44 n° special

yo kuwa 31 Ukuboza 2005                                                                  of 31 December 2005

 

44ème Année n° spécial

du 31 décembre 2005

 

 

Igazeti ya Leta

ya Repubulika

y’u Rwanda

Official Gazette of the Republic

of Rwanda

Journal Officiel

de la République

du Rwanda

 

 

 

Ibirimo/Summary/Sommaire                                                                               

 

Itegeko/Law/Loi

 

N° 29/2005 ryo kuwa 31/12/2005

Itegeko Ngenga rigena inzego z’imitegekere y’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda.........................................

 

Umugereka wa mbere w’Itegeko Ngenga n° 29/2005 ryo kuwa 31/12/2005 rigena inzego z’imitegekere y’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda werekeye imbibi z’Intara n’Umujyi wa Kigali...............

 

Umugereka wa kabiri w’Itegeko Ngenga n° 29/2005 ryo kuwa 31/12/2005 rigena inzego z’imitegekere y’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda werekeye umubare, imbibi by’Uturere...........................

 

Umugereka wa III w’Itegeko Ngenga n° 29/2005 ryo kuwa 31/12/2005  rigena imitegekere y’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda werekeye imiterere y’Intara/Umujyi wa Kigali n’Uturere.....................

 

Nº 29/2005 of 31/12/2005

Organic Law determining the administrative entities of the Republic of Rwanda……………..

 

Annex I of Organic Law n° 29/2005 of 31/12/2005 determining the administrative entities of the Republic of Rwanda relating to boundaries of Provinces and the City of Kigali…………

 

Annex II of Organic Law n° 29/2005 of 31/12/2005 determining the administrative entities of the Republic of Rwanda relating to number and boundaries of Districts………………...……..

 

Annex III of Organic Law n° 29/2005 of 31/12/2005 determining the administrative entities of the Republic of Rwanda relating to structure of Provinces/Kigali City and Districts………

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

N° 29/2005 du 31/12/2005

Loi Organique portant organisation des entites  administratives de la République du Rwanda...

Annexe I de la Loi Organique n° 29/2005 du 31/12/2005 portant organisation des entités  administratives de la République du Rwanda relative aux limites de la Ville de Kigali et des  Provinces………………………………………………………………………………………...

 

Annexe II de la Loi Organique  n° 29/2005 du 31/12/2005 portant organisation des entités administratives de la République du Rwanda relative au nombre et  aux limites des  Districts...

 

Annexe III de la Loi Organique n° 29/2005 du 31/12/2005 portant organisation des entités administratives de la République du Rwanda relative à la structure des Provinces, de la Ville de Kigali et des Districts………………………………………………………………………...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ITEGEKO NGENGA N° 29/2005 RYO KUWA 31/12/2005 RIGENA INZEGO Z’IMITEGEKERE Y’IGIHUGU CY’U RWANDA

 

 

Twebwe, KAGAME Paul,

Perezida wa Repubulika;

 

INTEKO ISHINGA AMATEGEKO YEMEJE, NONE NATWE DUHAMIJE, DUTANGAJE ITEGEKO NGENGA RITEYE RITYA, KANDI DUTEGETSE KO RYANDIKWA MU IGAZETI YA LETA YA REPUBULIKA Y’U RWANDA.

 

 

INTEKO ISHINGA AMATEGEKO:

 

Umutwe w’Abadepite, mu nama yawo yo kuwa 2 Ukuboza 2005;

 

Umutwe wa Sena, mu nama  yawo yo kuwa  20 Ukuboza 2005;

 

Ishingiye ku Itegeko Nshinga rya Repubulika y’ u Rwanda ryo kuwa 04 Kamena 2003 nk’uko ryavuguruwe kugeza ubu ,cyane cyane mu ngingo zaryo iya 3, iya 62, iya 88, iya 90, iya 92, iya 93, iya 95, iya 108, iya 118, iya 121, iya 167 n’iya 201;

 

Isubiye ku itegeko n° 47/2000 ryo kuwa 19/12/2000 rihindura kandi ryuzuza itegeko ryo kuwa 15/04/1963 ryerekeye imitegekere y’Igihugu cya Repubulika y’u Rwanda nk’uko ryahinduwe kandi ryujujwe kugeza ubu;

 

YEMEJE:

 

UMUTWE WA MBERE: IBYEREKEYE INGINGO RUSANGE

 

Ingingo ya mbere:

 

Iri tegeko ngenga rigena inzego z’imitegekere y’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda kandi rigashyiraho umubare, imbibi n’imiterere byazo .

 

Ingingo ya 2:

 

Igihugu cy’u Rwanda kigabanyijemo inzego z’imitegekere zikurikira:

 

1° Intara n’Umujyi wa Kigali;

2° Uturere;

3° Imirenge;

4° Utugari;

Imidugudu.

 

Ingingo ya 3:

 

Intara n’Umujyi wa Kigali bigabanyijemo Uturere.

 

Akarere kagabanyijemo Imirenge. Imbibi z’Imirenge zigenwa n’Iteka rya Perezida bisabwe na Minisitiri ufite ubutegetsi bw’Igihugu mu nshingano ze.

 

Umurenge ugabanyijemo Utugari. Utugari tugabanyijemo Imidugudu. Imbibi z’Utugari n’iz’Imidugudu zigenwa n’Iteka rya Minisitiri ufite Ubutegetsi bw’Igihugu mu nshingano ze.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UMUTWE WA II: IBYEREKEYE  UMUBARE, ICYICARO N’IMBIBI BY’INTARA 

                                   N’IBY’UMUJYI WA KIGALI

 

Ingingo ya 4:

 

Igihugu cy’u Rwanda kigabanyijemo Intara enye ( 4) n’Umujyi wa Kigali. Amazina,  umubare n’ibyicaro by’Intara n’iby’Umujyi wa Kigali bigaragara mu mbonerahamwe ikurikira:

 

IZINA

Icyicaro

Akarere karimo icyicaro

1.

INTARA Y’AMAJYARUGURU

KINIHIRA

Akarere ka Rulindo

2.

INTARA Y’AMAJYEPFO

BUSASAMANA

Akarere ka Nyanza

3.

INTARA Y’IBURASIRAZUBA

KIGABIRO

Akarere ka Rwamagana

4.

INTARA Y’IBURENGERAZUBA

BWISHYURA

Akarere ka Karongi

5.

UMUJYI WA KIGALI

NYARUGENGE

Akarere ka Nyarugenge

 

Ingingo ya 5:

 

Imbibi z’Intara n’iz’Umujyi wa Kigali  bigaragara ku mugereka wa mbere (I) w’iri tegeko ngenga .

 

UMUTWE WA III:   IBYEREKEYE  UMUBARE N’IMBIBI BY’UTURERE

 

Ingingo ya 6:

 

Intara n’Umujyi wa Kigali bigabanyijemo Uturere.

 

Umubare n’imbibi by’Uturere bigaragara ku mugereka wa kabiri (II) w’iri tegeko ngenga.

 

UMUTWE WA IV : IBYEREKEYE IMITERERE Y’INTARA, IY’UMUJYI WA

                                   KIGALI N`IY’UTURERE

 

Ingingo ya 7:

 

Imiterere y’Intara, iy’Umujyi wa Kigali n’iy’Uturere igaragara ku mugereka wa gatatu (III) w’iri tegeko ngenga.

 

UMUTWE WA V : IBYEREKEYE UBUYOBOZI BW’INZEGO Z’IMITEGEKERE

 

Ingingo ya 8 :

 

Intara iyoborwa na Guverineri ushyirwaho n’Iteka rya Perezida amaze kwemezwa na Sena.

 

Ku byerekeye izindi nzego z’imitegekere y’Igihugu, ubuyobozi bwazo bugenwa n’amategeko yihariye azigenga.

 

UMUTWE WA VI : IBYEREKEYE INGINGO Z’INZIBACYUHO N’IZISOZA

 

Ingingo ya  9 :

 

Iteka rya Perezida  rigena uburyo Intara, Umujyi wa Kigali, Akarere n’Umurenge biyoborwa by’agateganyo mu gihe abayobozi b’izo nzego bataratorwa cyangwa ngo bashyirweho.

 

Ingingo ya 10 :

 

Ingingo zose z’amategeko abanziriza iri kandi zinyuranyije na ryo zivanyweho.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ingingo ya 11 :

 

Iri tegeko ngenga ritangira gukurikizwa ku munsi ritangarijweho mu Igazeti ya Leta ya Repubulika y’u Rwanda.

 

Kigali  kuwa 31/12/2005

 

Perezida wa Repubulika

KAGAME Paul

(sé)

 

Minisitiri w’Intebe

MAKUZA Bernard

(sé)

 

Minisitiri w’Ubutegetsi bw’Igihugu, Imiyoborere Myiza ,

Amajyambere Rusange n’Imibereho Myiza y’Abaturage

MUSONI Protais

(sé)

 

Bibonywe kandi bishyizweho Ikirango cya Repubulika:

 

Minisitiri w’Ubutabera

MUKABAGWIZA Edda

(sé)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UMUGEREKA WA MBERE W’ITEGEKO NGENGA N° 29/2005 RYO KUWA 31/12/2005 RIGENA INZEGO Z’IMITEGEKERE Y’IGIHUGU CY’U RWANDA WEREKEYE IMBIBI Z’INTARA N’UMUJYI WA KIGALI

 

 

I.1 UMUJYI WA KIGALI

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, kuva mu masangano y’umugezi wa Rugende n’Akagera uzamuka umugezi wa Rugende uri mu gishanga cya Rugende kugera aho wambukiranya umuhanda wa kaburimbo Kigali-Rwamagana ufata igishanga cya Gakwerere. Kuva aho, werekeza mu gikombe cya Kiyanja kugera ku muhanda Bumbogo-Musha. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo muhanda ugana iburasirazuba kugeza ku kagezi ka Nkurikiza. Kuva aho umanuka akagezi ka Nkurikiza kugera mu masangano yako n’umugezi wa Kigozi. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Kigozi kugera aho winjirira mu kiyaga cya Muhazi hagati.

 

Amajyaruguru :

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba kuva aho urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Umujyi wa Kigali rurangirira mu majyaruguru yarwo, ukomeza mu kiyaga cya Muhazi hagati aho umugezi wa Nyabugogo usohokera mu kiyaga cya Muhazi. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo mugezi kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Muyanza. Kuva aho uzamuka umugezi wa Nyabugogo, kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Marenge. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Marenge kugera ku isoko yawo. Kuva aho, ukomeza werekeza iburengerazuba ukambukiranya umuhanda Rutongo-Nyacyonga kugera mu mukoki ugabanya Imirenge ya Masoro wo mu Karere ka Rulindo na Jabana wo mu Karere ka Gasabo ko mu Mujyi wa Kigali kugera ku kagezi ka Cyogo. Kuva aho, ukomeza akagezi ka Cyogo kugera mu isoko yako. Kuva aho urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Murambi wo mu Karere ka Rulindo n’Umurenge wa Jabana wo mu Karere ka Gasabo kugera ku mugezi wa Murongozi. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Murongozi kugera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Kabilizi. Kuva aho, uzamuka akagezi ka Kabilizi kugera ku isoko yako. Kuva aho urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Ngoma wo mu Karere ka Rulindo n’uwa Jali wo mu Karere ka Gasabo kugera ku isoko y’akagezi ka Nyagafunzo. Kuva aho, umanuka akagezi ka Nyagafunzo kugera mu masangano yako n’umugezi wa Yanze. Kuva aho, umanuka umugezi wa Yanze ugafata akabande ka Sakigobe gahuriweho n’Umurenge wa Kanyinya wo mu Karere ka Nyarugenge ko mu Mujyi wa Kigali n’Umurenge wa Shyorongi wo mu Karere ka Rulindo ko mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru. Kuva aho, umanuka umusozi wa Kanyinya mu ibanga ry’iburengerazuba kugera ku mugezi wa Nyabarongo.

 

Iburengerazuba :

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo kuva aho urubibi rw’Intara y’Amajyaruguru n’urw’Intara y’Amajyepfo zihurira n’urw’amajyaruguru y’Umujyi wa Kigali ku mugezi wa Nyabarongo, urubibi rukomeza ari umugezi wa Nyabarongo kugera mu masangano yawo n’Akanyaru.

 

Amajyepfo :

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Umujyi wa Kigali rugizwe n’Akagera, kuva mu masangano ya Nyabarongo n’Akanyaru kugera aho umugezi wa Rugende uri mu gishanga cya Rugende wisukira mu Kagera .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I.2 INTARA Y’AMAJYARUGURU

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Intara y’Amajyaruguru ruhera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Uganda ku mpinga y’agasozi ka Nyamilinga ukayambukiranya ugafata impinga y’umusozi wa Birema ukamanuka werekeza ku kiraro cyo ku mugezi wa Kizinga, ukawumanuka kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Ngoma, kuwukomeza kugera aho agasozi ka Kenyarwanda gatangirira. Kuva aho, ukomeza ako gasozi ugakikira mu burasirazuba bwako, ugakurikira uruhererekane rw’imisozi ya Gatonde, Gorora na Mabare, kumanuka umugezi wa Gashahi kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nkono uri munsi y’agasozi ka Butwaro, kuzamuka ugana mu isoko y’uwo mugezi ukaminuka ako gasozi ka Butwaro ugana mu mugezi wa Nyiragashahi, gukomeza uwo mugezi kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyamugali, ukomeza igikombe cya Rwamuhilima kugera aho bita mu Rugogwe aho umuhanda ujya Buhanga n’ujya Nyagahanga ihurira , gukomeza umuhanda ujya Nyagahanga kugera ku musozi wa Gakenke, kumanuka uwo musozi kugera ku  mugezi wa Cyanyandago na Nyakagezi kugera mu masangano ya Nyakagezi n’umugezi wa Warufu, kumanuka uwo mugezi wa Warufu kugera  mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Bihiza, kuzamuka uwo mugezi kugera ku musozi wa Nyabisindu; kuminuka uwo musozi wa Nyabisindu werekeza ku mugezi wa Nyampundu, kuwumanuka kugera  mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyacyonga, kuzamuka umugezi wa Nyacyonga kugera ku muhanda Muko-Muhura, kwambukiranya uwo muhanda werekeza mu gikombe kirimo isoko ya Kadahokwa yisuka mu mugezi wa  Mayora, kumanuka  uwo mugezi kugera aho wisukira  muri Kagogo, kumanuka umugezi wa Kagogo kugera aho wisuka mu mugezi wa Buganya, gukurikira uwo mugezi wa Buganya kugera aho wisukira mu kiyaga cya Muhazi.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Intara y’Amajyaruguru rugizwe n’urubibi rusanzwe rutandukanya Igihugu cy’u Rwanda, icya Uganda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo .

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’amajyepfo rw’Intara y’Amajyaruguru runyura mu Kiyaga cya Muhazi rugakomeza mu masangano y’imigezi ya Nyabugogo n’uwa Kaguhu. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Nyabugogo kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Marenge utandukanya Umurenge wa Jabana wo mu Karere ka Gasabo ko mu Mujyi wa Kigali n’uwa Masoro wo mu Karere ka Rulindo ko mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru, ugakomeza umugezi wa Cyogo n’umukoki ugabanya Umurenge wa Jabana wo mu Karere ka Gasabo  ko mu Mujyi wa Kigali n’Umurenge wa Murambi wo mu Karere ka Rulindo ko mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru. Kuva ku mugezi wa Cyogo, wambukiranya umusozi kugera ku mugezi wa Murongozi, kuwukomeza kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Kabilizi. Kuva aho, uzamuka ugana mu  isoko y’umugezi wa Kabilizi kugera ku muhanda uva kuri santeri y’ubucuruzi ya Ngoma  ujya i Jali. Kuva aho, wambukiranya uwo muhanda ukamanuka umukoki werekeza mu mugezi wa Nyagafunzo kugera aho wisukira mu mugezi wa Yanze. Kuva aho, umanuka umugezi wa Yanze,ugafata akabande ka Sakibogwe gahuriweho n’Umurenge wa Kanyinya wo mu Karere ka Nyarugenge ko mu Mujyi wa Kigali n’Umurenge wa Shyorongi wo mu Karere ka Rulindo ko mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru. Kuva aho, umanuka umusozi wa Kanyinya mu ibanga ry’iburengerazuba kugera ku mugezi wa Nyabarongo. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Nyabarongo kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Mukungwa.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburengerazuba rw’Intara y’Amajyaruguru ruhereye aho Igihugu cy’u Rwanda kigabanira n’Igihugu cya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo, gukomeza umurongo ugororotse ukarenga umwuzi wa Bikwi ukagera aho bita ku Kaserushyana. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Gataraga wo mu Karere ka Musanze n’Umurenge wa Mukamira wo mu Karere ka Nyabihu kugera ku muhanda wa kaburimbo wa Musanze- Rubavu aho bita kuri Nyirantarengwa aho umuhanda wa kaburimbo Musanze-Rubavu uhurira n’agahanda kava kuri Paruwasi ya Busogo. Kuva aho, wambukiranya umuhanda wa kaburimbo werekeza mu ntangiriro z’umusozi wa Runigi mu majyaruguru yawo, ukagenda uwukikije kugera aho uhurira n’umusozi wa Mugogo. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari umugezi wa Mugogo uri mu gishanga cya Mugogo. Kuva muri icyo gishanga, uzamuka agasozi ka Gatare ukabereretse ku ruhande rw’iburyo ukomeza urubibi rw’Umurenge wa Busogo wo mu Karere ka Musanze n’Umurenge wa Kintobo wo mu Karere ka Nyabihu kugera ku muhanda wa Rutoyi-Rusanze. Kuva aho, ukurikira uwo muhanda uva i Gatovu ujya i Murama kugera ku mashuri abanza yo ku Nturo ukanyura iburyo bwayo hagati ya Nturo n’umusozi wa Masunzu ukongera ukagera kuri uwo muhanda, kuwukomeza kugera aho bita kuri Kinga. Kuva aho umanuka umusozi wa Gihuli ukagera ku mugezi wa Nyamata kugera aho uhindura izina ukitwa Nyamukongoro munsi y’umusozi wa Bugombe. Kuva aho, werekeza muri santeri y’ubucuruzi ya Kinkware, ukomeza urubibi rugabanya Umurenge wa Nkotsi yo mu Karere ka Musanze n’Umurenge wa Rugera wo mu Karere ka Nyabihu ukagera ku iteme rya Kabamonyo riri ku mugezi wa Mukungwa. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Mukungwa kugera ku masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyabarongo.

 

I.3 INTARA Y’AMAJYEPFO

 

Iburasirazuba

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Intara y’Amajyepfo ruhera  mu masangano y’umugezi wa Nyabarongo na Nyabugogo, umanuka Nyabarongo kugera mu masangano yayo n’Akanyaru. Kuva aho, uzamuka Akanyaru kugera mu masangano yako n’umugezi wa Gisuma ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’iyo Ntara rutangirira mu masangano y’umugezi wa Nyabugogo na Nyabarongo uzamuka Nyabarongo ukagera mu masangano yayo n’umugezi wa Mukungwa.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rwayo rutangirira ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi, gukomeza isunzu rya Kongo-Nili mu majyaruguru kugera aho umuhanda wa kaburimbo Huye -Rusizi  uhurira n’ishami ry’umugezi wa Rubyiro. Kuva aho, ukurikira umuhanda ugana Rusizi kugera ku ishami ry’Umugezi wa Shyara, kuzamuka uwo mugezi werekeza amajyaruguru ukongera ukagusha ku isunzu rya Kongo-Nili, urizamuke ugana mu majyaruguru kugera ku isoko y’umugezi wa Kilimbi. Kuva aho, wambukiranya umanuka mu mpinga y’iryo sunzu ugera ku isoko y’umugezi wa Mbirurume. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo mugezi kugera aho uhurira n’akabande ka Cyuho kari mu majyepfo y’agasozi ka Gihumo. Kuva aho, uzamuka ako gasozi ka Cyuho ukaminukira mu kabande ka Ruhorobero, ugakomeza werekeza iburasirazuba ukikira agasozi k’Uwurunanira, ugakikiza agasozi ka Shishi mu majyaruguru yako, uminukira mu isoko y’Akagezi ka Matyazo, uzamuka wambukiranye agasozi ka Gisali kugera mu muhanda Gisovu-Gasarenda. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo muhanda ugana amajyepfo kugera ku mugezi wa Range. Kuva aho, ukomeze uwo mugezi kugera mu masangano yawo na Mbirurume. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo mugezi wa Mbirurume kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Mwogo aho iyo migezi yombi ibyara Nyabarongo. Kuva aho, ukomeza Nyabarongo kugera mu masangano yayo na Mukungwa.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba kuva aho umugezi wa Gisuma wisukira mu Kanyaru, urubibi rw’Intara y’Amajyepfo rukomeza ari umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi kugera aho isunzu rya Kongo Nili rihurira n’uwo mupaka.

 

1.4 INTARA Y’IBURASIRAZUBA

 

Iburasirazuba

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Intara y’Iburasirazuba rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Tanzaniya kuva mu masangano y’umugezi wa Muvumba n’umugezi w’Akagera kugera ku kiraro cya Rusumo ku muhanda mpuzamahanga wa kaburimbo Rwanda-Tanzaniya.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’Igihugu cya Uganda, kuva ku mpinga y’umusozi wa Nyamiringa kugera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Muvumba n’Akagera.

 

 

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo kuva ku musozi wa Nyamilinga uri ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Uganda, urubibi rw’Intara y’Iburasirazuba rukomeza ari urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Intara y’Amajyaruguru n’urubibi rw’iburasirazuba n’urw’amajyepfo y’Umujyi wa Kigali kugera mu masangano y’Akanyaru na Nyabarongo. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi w’Akanyaru ukagera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Amajyepfo y’Intara y’Iburasirazuba rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda, icya Tanzaniya n’icy’u Burundi kuva ku kiraro cya Rusumo kiri ku muhanda mpuzamahanga Rwanda-Tanzaniya kugera ku mugezi w’Akanyaru ugize umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi.

 

1.5 INTARA Y’IBURENGERAZUBA

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Intara y’Iburengerazuba rutangirira ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi, gukomeza isunzu rya KongoNili, mu majyaruguru kugera aho umuhanda wa kaburimbo Huye–Rusizi, uhurira n’ishami ry’umugezi wa Rubyiro. Kuva aho, ukurikira umuhanda ugana Rusizi kugera ku ishami ry’umugezi wa Shyara, kuzamuka uwo mugezi werekeza amajyaruguru ukongera ukagusha ku isunzu rya Kongo-Nili, urizamuke ugana mu majyaruguru kugeza ku isoko y’umugezi wa Kilimbi. Kuva aho, umanuka mu mpinga y’iryo sunzu kugera ku isoko y’umugezi wa Mbirurume. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo mugezi kugera aho uhurira n’akabande ka Cyuho kari mu majyepfo y’agasozi ka Gihumo. Kuva aho, uzamuka ako gasozi ka Cyuho ukaminukira mu kabande ka Ruhorobero, ugakomeza werekeza iburasirazuba ukikira agasozi k’ Uwurunanira, ugakikiza agasozi ka Shishi mu majyaruguru yako, ukaminukira ku isoko y’Akagezi ka Matyazo, ukazamuka wambukiranya agasozi ka Gisali kugera mu muhanda Gisovu-Gasarenda. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo muhanda ugana amajyepfo kugera ku mugezi wa Range. Kuva aho, ukomeze uwo mugezi kugera mu masangano yawo na Mbirurume. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo mugezi wa Mbirurume kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Mwogo, aho iyo migezi yombi ibyara Nyabarongo. Kuva aho ukomeza Nyabarongo kugera mu masangano yayo na Mukungwa. Kuva aho, urubibi  rukomeza ari urw’iburengerazuba rw’Intara y’Amajyaruguru kugera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo mu mpinga y’ikirunga cya Karisimbi.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’amajyaruguru rw’Intara y’Iburengerazuba rugizwe n’urubibi rw’iburengerazuba rw’Intara y’Amajyaruguru kuva mu masangano ya Nyabarongo na Mukungwa kugera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo  ku mpinga y’Ikirunga cya Karisimbi.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’iburengerazuba rw’Intara y’Iburengerazuba rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo kuva aho umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda, icy’u Burundi n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo bihurira kugera ku mpinga y’ikirunga cya Karisimbi.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’amajyepfo rw’Intara y’Iburengerazuba rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi kuva ku isunzu rya Kongo Nili aho urubibi rw’iburengerazuba rw’Intara y’Amajyepfo ruhurira n’urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Intara y’Iburengerazuba kugera aho umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda uhurira n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Burundi n’uw’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo.

 

Kigali, kuwa 31/12/2005

 

 

Perezida wa Repubulika

KAGAME Paul

(sé)

 

Minisitiri w’Intebe

MAKUZA Bernard

(sé)

 

Minisitiri w’Ubutegetsi bw’Igihugu, Imiyoborere Myiza,

Amajyambere  Rusange n’Imibereho Myiza y’Abaturage

MUSONI Protais

(sé)

 

Bibonywe kandi bishyizweho Ikirango cya Repubulika :

 

Minisitiri w’Ubutabera

MUKABAGWIZA Edda

(sé)

 


UMUGEREKA WA KABIRI W’ITEGEKO NGENGA N° 29/2005 RYO KUWA 31/12/2005 RIGENA INZEGO Z’IMITEGEKERE Y’IGIHUGU CY’U RWANDA WEREKEYE UMUBARE, IMBIBI BY’UTURERE

 

II.1 UMUBARE W’UTURERE

 

INTARA N’UMUJYI WA KIGALI

AKARERE

1

UMUJYI WA KIGALI

GASABO

KICUKIRO

NYARUGENGE

2

INTARA Y’AMAJYARUGURU

MUSANZE

BURERA

GICUMBI

RULINDO

GAKENKE

 

3

INTARA Y’AMAJYEPFO

MUHANGA

KAMONYI

RUHANGO

NYANZA

GISAGARA

HUYE

NYARUGURU

NYAMAGABE

 

4

INTARA Y’IBURASIRAZUBA

NYAGATARE

GATSIBO

KAYONZA

KIREHE

NGOMA

RWAMAGANA

BUGESERA

 

5

INTARA Y’IBURENGERAZUBA

RUSIZI

NYAMASHEKE

KARONGI

RUTSIRO

NGORORERO

RUBAVU

NYABIHU

 

 

 

 


II.2 IMBIBI Z’UTURERE

 

II.2.1 UMUJYI WA KIGALI

 

II.2.1.1 AKARERE KA GASABO:

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru , urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Akarere ka Gasabo rugizwe n’urubibi rw’iburasirazuba bw’Umujyi wa Kigali kuva aho Umurenge  wa Rusororo wo mu Karere ka Gasabo, Umurenge wa Masaka wo mu Karere ka Kicukiro n’Umurenge  wa Muyumbu wo mu Karere ka Rwamagana ihurira ku kagezi ka Rugende mu gishanga cya Rugende kugera mu kiyaga cya Muhazi hagati unyuze aho akagezi  ka Kigozi kisukira mu kiyaga cya Muhazi.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Gasabo  ruhuye n’urubibi rw’amajyaruguru y’Umujyi wa Kigali kuva aho umugezi wa Kigozi wisukira mu kiyaga cya Muhazi hagati aho Uturere twa Rwamagana, Gicumbi na Gasabo duhurira kugera ku mugezi wa Yanze aho uhurira n’igikombe cya Sakigobe.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo werekeza mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Gasabo ruva ku masangano y’umugezi wa Rwampara n’akagezi ka Rugenge, rugakomeza umugezi wa Ruganwa kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyabugogo. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Nyabugogo kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Yanze. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Yanze kugera aho uhurira n’igikombe cya Sakigobe.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Gasabo ruva aho Umurenge wa Rusororo wo mu Karere ka Gasabo,Umurenge wa Masaka wo mu Karere ka Kicukiro n’Umurenge wa Muyumbu wo mu Karere ka Rwamagana aho ihurira ku kagezi ka Rugende mu gishanga cya Rugende. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Rusororo kugera mu mubande wa Rusheshe aho uhurira n’umubande wa Nyandungu. Kuva aho , ukomeza akagezi ka Mwanana kari mu mubande wa Nyandungu kugera mu isoko yako. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Kimironko wo mu Karere ka Gasabo, uwa Remera n’uwa Nyarugunga wo mu Karere ka Kicukiro kugera aho ihurira n’Umurenge wa Kanombe wo mu Karere ka Kicukiro ku muhanda wa kaburimbo Remera-Kanombe. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Kanombe n’urw’Umurenge wa Remera wo mu Karere ka Gasabo kugera aho ihurira n’urw’Umurenge wa Niboye wo mu Karere ka Kicukiro. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Niboye n’uwa Remera kugera aho ruhurira n’urw’Umurenge wa Kicukiro wo mu Karere ka Kicukiro kugera ku kagezi ka Rugenge. Kuva aho ,ukomeza akagezi ka Rugenge kugera mu masangano yako n’umugezi wa Rwampara.

 

II.2.1.2 AKARERE KA KICUKIRO

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Akarere ka Kicukiro rugizwe n’urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Umujyi wa Kigali kuva aho Umurenge wa Rusororo wo mu Karere ka Gasabo, Umurenge wa Masaka wo mu Karere ka Kicukiro n’Umurenge wa Muyumbu wo mu Karere ka Rwamagana ihurira ku kagezi ka Rugende kari mu gishanga cya Rugende kugera aho kisukira mu Kagera aho Uturere twa Kicukiro, Bugesera na Rwamagana duhurira.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Kicukiro rugizwe n’urubibi rw’Akarere ka Gasabo kuva aho Umurenge wa Rusororo wo mu Karere ka Gasabo, Umurenge wa Masaka wo mu Karere ka Kicukiro n’Umurenge wa Muyumbu wo mu Karere ka Rwamagana ihurira ku kagezi ka Rugende kugera mu masangano y’akagezi ka Rugenge n’umugezi wa Rwampara aho Uturere twa Kicukiro, Gasabo na Nyarugenge duhurira.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, kuva mu masangano y’umugezi wa Rwampara n’akagezi ka  wa Rugenge aho Uturere twa Nyarugenge, Kicukiro na Gasabo duhurira,  uzamuka umugezi wa Rwampara  kugera mu isoko yawo. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge  wa Nyamirambo wo mu Karere ka Nyarugenge n’urw’Umurenge wa Kigarama wo mu Karere ka Kicukiro kugera aho ihurira n’Umurenge wa Mageregere wo mu Karere ka Nyarugenge. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Imirenge ya Mageregere na Kigarama kugera aho ihurira n’Umurenge wa Gatenga wo mu Karere ka Kicukiro mu mpinga y’umusozi wa Rebero, kuri metero mirongo itandatu (m 60) utaragera ku kigega cy’amazi. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Mageregere n’urw’Umurenge wa Gatenga kugera aho Umurenge wa Gatenga, uwa Mageregere n’uwa Gahanga ihurira, muri metero mirongo ine n’indwi (m 47 ) uvuye mu masangano y’akagezi ka Rutagara n’akagezi ka  Kiruhura. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’ Umurenge wa Gahanga n’Umurenge wa Mageregere kugera aho ihurira n’Umurenge wa Ntarama wo mu Karere ka Bugesera unyuze ku kagezi ka Kiruhura kisuka mu Kagera.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Kicukiro ruhuye n’urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Umujyi wa Kigali kuva aho Umurenge wa Mageregere wo mu Karere ka Nyarugenge, Umurenge wa Gahanga wo mu Karere ka Kicukiro n’Umurenge wa Ntarama wo mu Karere ka Bugesera ihurira ku Kagera kugera aho akagezi ka Rugende kisukira mu Kagera aho Akarere ka Kicukiro, ko mu Mujyi wa Kigali n’Uturere twa  Rwamagana na Bugesera two mu Ntara y’Iburasirazuba duhurira.

 

II.2.1.3 AKARERE KA NYARUGENGE

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Akarere ka Nyarugenge ruhuye n’urubibi rw’iburengerazuba bw’Akarere ka Kicukiro kuva mu masangano y’akagezi ka Rugenge n’umugezi wa Rwampara kugera aho Umurenge wa Mageregere wo mu Karere ka Nyarugenge n’uwa Ntarama wo mu Karere ka Bugesera ihurira ku Kagera.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Nyarugenge rugizwe n’urubibi rw’iburengerazuba rw’Akarere ka Gasabo kuva mu masangano y’akagezi ka Rwampara n’akagezi ka Rugenge kugera aho umukoki umanuka mu gikombe cya Sakigobe uhurira n’umugezi wa Yanze aho Uturere twa Nyarugenge na Gasabo two mu Mujyi wa Kigali duhurira n’Akarere ka Rulindo ko mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’amajyaruguru y’Umujyi wa Kigali kugera ku mugezi wa Nyabarongo aho Uturere twa Rulindo, Kamonyi na Nyarugenge duhurira.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’iburengerazuba rw’Akarere ka Nyarugenge ruhuye n’urubibi rw’iburengerazuba bw’Umujyi wa Kigali kuva mu masangano ya Nyabarongo n’Akanyaru, kugera aho Akarere ka Nyarugenge, Akarere ka Rulindo n’Akarere ka Kamonyi duhurira kuri Nyabarongo.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye  iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Nyarugenge rugizwe n’urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Umujyi wa Kigali kuva mu masangano y’Akanyaru na Nyabarongo kugera aho Imirenge ya Ntarama, Gahanga na Mageregere ihurira ku Kagera.

 

II.2.2 INTARA Y’AMAJYARUGURU:

 

II.2.2.1 AKARERE KA MUSANZE

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Musanze ruhuye n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda, icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo  n’icya Uganda kuva mu mpinga y’ikirunga cya Karisimbi kugera mu mwoma uri hagati y’ibirunga bya Gahinga na Muhabura.

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburasirazuba bw’Akarere ka Musanze ruhuye n’urubibi rw’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Uganda kuva ku mwoma uri hagati y’ibirunga bya Gahinga na Muhabura, urubibi rukurikira umugezi wa Ruvumu kugera aho Pariki y’Igihugu y’Ibirunga irangirira. Kuva aho, werekeza mu majyepfo, urubibi rukomeza ari urusanzwe hagati y’Umurenge wa Gahunga wo mu Karere ka Burera n’uwa Nyange wo mu Karere ka Musanze, kugera ku muhanda uva Gikoro ujya mu Gahunga, mu mahuriro y’Imirenge uwa Gahunga wo mu Karere ka Burera, n’iya Cyuve na Nyange yo mu Karere ka Musanze. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo muhanda kugera ku kiraro cya Nyabutoshwa. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo mwuzi uri hagati y’Umurenge wa Gahunga mu Karere ka Burera n’Umurenge wa Cyuve wo mu Karere ka Musanze kugera ahitwa Rusenyi ho mu Karere ka Musanze. Kuva aho, umanuka werekeza ku muhanda wa kaburimbo Musanze-Cyanika unyuze ahitwa Songa. Kuva aho, ukomeza umuhanda wa kaburimbo Musanze-Cyanika kugera aho uhurira n’umuhanda ujya Nkumba. Kuva aho, werekeza mu majyepfo unyuze ku mwuzi wa Nyarwambu aho uhindura izina ukitwa umwuzi wa Gihugu kugeza aho winjirira mu kiyaga cya Ruhondo. Kuva kuri icyo kiyaga ukurikira umugezi wa Nyabyondo kugera aho umuhanda uva Kivuruga n’uva Ruhondo ihurira. Kuva aho , ukomeza umugezi wa Kanyugunyugu kugera mu isoko yawo. Kuva aho, ukomeza werekeza amajyepfo kugera aho umuhanda wa Kivuruga n’uwa Ruhondo ihurira. Kuva aho ukambukiranya iyo mihanda ukagera mu kagezi ka Kara.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba werekeza iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Musanze ruhera ku kagezi ka Kara. Kuva aho, ukomeza ako kagezi kugeza aho gahuriye n’umugezi wa Mukinga. Kuva aho ukomeza umugezi wa Mukinga kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Gicuba. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari akagezi ka Gicuba kugera ku kagezi k’Agahama. Uzamuka akagezi k’ Agahama kugera ku muhanda ujya Cyabingo, ukawukomeza kugera aho uhurira n’agahanda kajya Gishubi. Kuva aho, umanuka mu gikombe kugera mu mubande wa Nyakagezi, ugakomeza uwo mubande, ugafata isoko ya Nyakagezi, ukawukomeza kugera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Nyiragisuka. Kuva aho, ukomeza ako kagezi mu gikombe kigabanya Imirenge ya Rwaza mu Karere ka Musanze na Cyabingo mu Karere ka Gakenke kugera ku muhanda uva Cyabingo ugana Nyundo kugera ku musozi wa Nyakabingo. Kuva aho, werekeza iburengerazuba urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Rwaza wo mu Karere ka Musanze n’Umurenge wa Cyabingo wo mu Karere ka Gakenke kugera ku kagezi ka Kayanza. Kuva aho, ukomeza akagezi ka Kayanza kugera aho kisukira mu mugezi wa Mukungwa. Kuva aho, ukurikira umugezi wa Mukungwa kugera ku iteme rya Kabamonyo.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Musanze ruhuye n’urw’iburasirazuba bw’Akarere ka Burera kugera aho umuhanda uva  Rwili ujya mu Miyove uhurira n’umuhanda wa Ruhunde. Kuva aho, ukomeza umuhanda Miyove-Rwili kugera aho Uturere twa Gicumbi, Burera na Rulindo duhurira. Kuva aho, ukurikira umugezi wa Mihira kugera ku mugezi wa Gisaganandi. Kuva aho  ukomeza umugezi wa Gisaganandi kugera mu gishanga kirimo icyayi cya Cyohoha aho Imirenge ya Kinihira na Rukozo yo mu Karere ka Rulindo n’Umurenge wa Gicumbi ihurira. Kuva aho, werekeza iburasirazuba, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Kinihira wo mu Karere ka Rulindo n’Umurenge wa Miyove wo mu Karere ka Gicumbi kugera ku mugezi wa Rubaya. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Rubaya ugana mu majyepfo ukagera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyirakibuye. Kuva aho, urawuzamuka ukagenda metero magana atatu na makumyabiri (m 320) kugera ku gahanda kava ku mazu ya gereza ya Miyove gafata ku muhanda Miyove-Gicumbi, wambukiranya ako gahanda ugakomeza urubibi rw’Imirenge ya Nyankenke wo mu Karere ka Gicumbi na Kisaro wo mu Karere ka Rulindo kugera ku mugezi wa Kibingwe. Kuva aho ukomeza uwo mugezi ugana amajyaruguru kugera ku mubande uri hagati y’imisozi ya Rugandu na Kamushenyi kugera ku mugezi wa Rwamuhuba.

Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Rwamuhuba kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Kamaganga. Kuva aho urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Kisaro wo mu Karere ka Rulindo n’uwa Mutete wo mu Karere ka Gicumbi kugera ku mugezi wa Gaseke. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Gaseke ugana amajyepfo kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Rugabano. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Rugabano kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Muyanza . Gukomeza umugezi wa Muyanza kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyabugogo.

 

II.2.2.2 AKARERE KA BURERA

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Burera rugizwe n’umupaka usanzwe ugabanya Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Uganda, kuva ku mwoma uri hagati y’ibirunga bya Gahinga na Muhabura kugera mu ibanga ry’umusozi wa Ryakababwe.

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Burera ruhera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’Igihugu cya Uganda ukagera mu ibanga ry’umusozi wa Ryakababwe. Kuva aho umanuka uwo musozi kugeza ku mugezi wa Murubaya, ugakomeza ukagera ku isoko y’umugezi wa Kiliba, ukomeza uzamuka uwo mugezi ugana mu isoko yawo, ukazamuka umusozi wa Nyabyondo ukambukiranya umuhanda Bungwe-Rubaya werekeza mu mubande wa Nyamateke. Kuva aho, wambukiranya umusozi wa Bungwe werekeza ku musozi wa Rweru. Kuva aho, werekeza ku musozi wa Murambo ugakomeza mu kabande karimo Umugezi wa Nyarukore. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Nyarukore aho Umurenge wa Bungwe wo mu Karere ka Burera n’uwa Rubaya wo mu Karere ka Gicumbi ihurira, umanuka urubibi rw’iyo Mirenge yombi kugera ku mugezi wa Murubaya, ugakomeza uwo mugezi kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Kiliba, ugakomeza uwo mugezi wa Kiliba ugana mu majyepfo kugera mu isoko yawo. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Bungwe n’Umurenge wa Rubaya kugera ku muhanda Bungwe-Rubaya. Kuva aho, kwambukiranya uwo muhanda werekeza mu mubande wa Nyamateke. Kuva aho, ukikira umusozi wa Bungwe werekeza mu ibanga ry’umusozi wa Rweru. Kuva aho, werekeza ku musozi wa Murambo, ukomeza ugana mu kabande karimo umugezi wa Nyarukore. Kuva aho uzamuka umugezi wa Nyarukore ukomeza mu ibanga ry’umusozi wa Kivuye kugera ku muhanda Gicumbi-Kivuye. Kuva aho, wambukiranya uwo muhanda ukamanuka umubande uri hagati y’umusozi wa Rwambogo wo mu Karere ka Burera n’umusozi wa Bushingamuheto wo mu Karere ka Gicumbi kugera kuri kilometero imwe (km1) y’igishanga cya Rugezi. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Manyagiro wo mu Karere ka Gicumbi n’Umurenge wa Gatebe wo mu Karere ka Burera kugera ku mugezi wa Nyagafunzo. Kuva aho ukurikira umugezi wa Nyagafunzo kugera aho umuhanda wa Yaramba ugana Miyove uhurira n’uva Kivuye.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, kuva aho umuhanda uva Yaramba ugana Miyove uhurira n’uwa Kivuye werekeza mu gishanga cya Rugezi . Ukomeza hagati mu gishanga cya Rugezi kugera aho Imirenge ya Nyankenke na Miyove yo mu Karere ka Gicumbi ihurira n’Umurenge wa Gatebe wo mu Karere ka Burera. Kuva aho ukomeza urwo rubibi rw’Imirenge ya Gatebe na Miyove kugera aho iyo Mirenge ihurira n’Umurenge wa Ruhunde wo mu Karere ka Burera. Kuva aho, ukomeza werekeza mu majyepfo kugera aho akagezi ka Gasura kinjirira  mu gishanga cya Rugezi. Ukomeza ako kagezi ukagera mu isoko yako. Kuva aho, ugenda metero ijana na mirongo itanu (m 150) werekeza  amajyepfo, ukagera ku muhanda uva Miyove ugana mu Rwili. Ukomeza uwo muhanda werekeza mu majyaruguru y’umusozi wa Nyarurambi, kugera aho Imirenge ya Ruhunde wo mu Karere ka Burera, Cyungo wo mu Karere ka Rulindo na Miyove yo mu Karere ka Gicumbi ihurira. Kuva aho, ukomeza urubibi rw’Umurenge wa Ruhunde wo mu Karere ka Burera  na Cyungo wo mu Karere ka Rulindo kugera ku mugezi wa Nyamagana. Kuva aho, ukurikira umugezi wa Nyamagana kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Buyaga. Uzamuka umugezi wa Buyaga kugera mu isoko yawo, ukambukiranya umuhanda Rwili-Rubona kugera mu mpinga y’umusozi wa Kamabare. Kuva aho, ukurikira agahanda kari ku musozi wa Kamabare werekeza mu majyepfo, kugera mu mpinga y’agasozi ka Nganzo. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Nemba wo mu Karere ka Burera n’Umurenge wa Cyungo wo mu Karere ka Rulindo kugera ku mugezi wa Muhero. Ukomeza uwo mugezi kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyirakibande. Kuva aho, ukomeza  uwo mugezi kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Bukanuka. Kuva aho uzamuka uwo mugezi kugera mu isoko yawo aho Imirenge ya Cyungo na Base yo mu Karere ka Rulindo ihurira n’Umurenge wa Nemba wo mu Karere ka Burera.

 

Kuva aho urubibi rugizwe n’urw’Umurenge wa Nemba wo mu Karere ka Burera n’urw’Umurenge wa Base wo mu Karere Rulindo, runyura ku mugezi wa Bukanuka no ku mugezi wa Gisura usuka amazi yawo muri Mugobore. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Mugobore kugera aho imisozi ya Kabwika na Songorero ihurira.Kuva aho ukomeza umugezi wa Kamirambo wisuka muri Mugandu kugeza mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Gifurwe. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Gifurwe kugera aho umuhanda ujya Rukore n’ujya Kidomo ihurira , ukazamuka umuhanda werekeza Mucaca muri metero magana arindwi na mirongo irindwi (m 770) kugera aho Imirenge ya Rusarabuge na Rugendabali yo mu Karere ka Burera n’Umurenge wa Kamubuga wo mu Karere ka Gakenke ihurira kugera ku mugezi wa Kanaba. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo mugezi wa Kanaba kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Kinyanjonjo kugera hagati mu Kiyaga cya Ruhondo, aho Uturere twa Musanze, Burera na Gakenke duhurira.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, kuva ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Uganda kugera ku kiyaga cya Ruhondo, urubibi ruhuye n’urw’iburasirazuba bw’Akarere ka Musanze kuva mu mwoma uri hagati y’ibirunga bya Gahinga na Muhabura kugera mu kiyaga cya Ruhondo aho Uturere twa Musanze, Burera na Gakenke duhurira.

 

II.2.2.3 AKARERE KA GICUMBI

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Uganda kuva ku musozi wa Ryakababwe aho Umurenge wa Bungwe wo mu Karere ka Burera n’Umurenge wa Rubaya wo mu Karere ka Gicumbi ihurira kugera ku mpinga y’agasozi ka Nyamilinga aho Umurenge wa Kaniga wo mu Karere ka Gicumbi uhurira n’Umurenge wa Kiyombe wo mu Karere ka Nyagatare.

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana  mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Akarere ka Gicumbi ruhuye n’urw’iburasirazuba bw’Intara y’Amajyaruguru kuva mu mpinga y’umusozi wa Nyamilinga kugera mu kiyaga cya Muhazi aho Uturere twa Gicumbi, Gatsibo na Rwamagana duhurira.

 

Amajyepfo :

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rwako ruhuye n’urw’amajyepfo y’Intara y’Amajyaruguru, kuva mu kiyaga cya Muhazi aho Uturere twa Rwamagana, Gatsibo na Gicumbi duhurira kugera mu masangano ya Nyabugogo n’umugezi wa Muyanza.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru y’iburengerazuba ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Gicumbi ruhuye n’urw’iburasirazuba bw’Akarere ka Burera, kugera aho umuhanda uva mu Rwili ujya mu Miyove uhurira n’umuhanda wa Ruhunde. Kuva aho, ukurikira umugezi wa Mihira kugera ku mugezi wa Gisaganandi, ukomeza umugezi wa Gisaganandi kugera mu gishanga kirimo icyayi cya Cyohoha aho Umurenge wa Kinihira n’uwa Rukozo yo mu Karere ka Rulindo n’Umurenge wa Gicumbi ihurira. Kuva aho werekeza iburasirazuba, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Kinihira wo mu Karere ka Rulindo n’Umurenge wa Miyove wo mu Karere ka Gicumbi kugera ku mugezi wa Rubaya. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Rubaya ugana mu majyepfo ukagera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyirakibuye. Kuva aho, urawuzamuka ukagenda metero magana atatu na makumyabiri (m320) kugera ku gahanda kava ku mazu ya gereza ya Miyove gafata ku muhanda Miyove-Gicumbi, wambukiranya ako gahanda ugakomeza urubibi rw’Imirenge ya Nyankenke wo mu Karere ka Gicumbi na Kisaro wo mu Karere ka Rulindo kugera ku mugezi wa Kibingwe. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo mugezi ugana amajyaruguru kugera mu mubande uri hagati y’imisozi ya Rugandu na Kamushenyi kugera ku mugezi wa Rwamuhuba. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Rwamuhuba kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Kamaganga. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Kisaro wo mu Karere ka Rulindo n’uwa Mutete wo mu Karere ka Gicumbi kugera ku mugezi wa Gaseke. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Gaseke ugana amajyepfo kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Rugabano. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Rugabano kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Muyanza. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Muyanza kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyabugogo.

 

II.2.2.4 AKARERE KA RULINDO

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Rulindo ruhuye n’urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Burera, kuva mu masangano y’imigezi ya Gisuro na Mugobore aho Uturere twa Rulindo, Burera na Gakenke duhurira  kugera aho Uturere twa Gicumbi, Burera na Rulindo duhurira ku muhanda wa Miyove-Base.

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye  mu majyaruguru ugana  mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Akarere ka Rulindo ruhuye n’urubibi rw’iburengerazuba bw’Akarere ka Gicumbi uhereye  aho Uturere twa Burera, Gicumbi na Rulindo duhurira, ku muhanda  Miyove –Base kugera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Muyanza na Nyabugogo aho Uturere twa Gicumbi, Rulindo na Gasabo duhurira.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Rulindo ruhuye n’urubibi rw’amajyaruguru y’Umujyi wa Kigali uhereye mu masangano y’umugezi wa Muyanza n’uwa Nyabugogo kugera kuri Nyabarongo. Kuva aho, uzamuka Nyabarongo kugera mu masangano yayo n’umugezi wa Munindi.

 

Iburengerazuba

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, kuva mu masangano y’imigezi ya Gisuro na Mugobore igabanya Uturere twa Gakenke, Rulindo na Burera, ukomeza umugezi wa Mugobore kugera aho wisukira mu mugezi wa Base. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Base unyura munsi y’umusozi wa Gifuba. Wagera mu ntangiriro y’umusozi wa Gifuba, urubibi rukomeza ari urubibi rugabanya Umurenge wa Gashenyi wo mu Karere ka Gakenke n’Umurenge wa Bushoki wo mu Karere ka Rulindo kugera mu mpinga y’umusozi wa Teranzara ku muhanda Teranzara-Kirenge. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo muhanda ugana mu majyepfo kugera aho uhurira n’umuhanda wa kaburimbo Musanze-Kigali ahitwa ku Kirenge. Kuva ku Kirenge ugenda metero magana arindwi (m700) ku muhanda wa kaburimbo werekeza mu Mujyi wa Kigali. Kuva aho, werekeza iburengerazuba mu gikombe cya Nyakabizi, gukomeza icyo gikombe kugera ku mugezi wa Nyakabizi. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo mugezi kugera aho wisukira mu mugezi wa Munindi. Kuva aho, ukurikira umugezi wa Munindi kugera mu masangano yawo na Nyabarongo.

 

II.2.2.5 AKARERE KA GAKENKE:

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Gakenke ruhuye n’urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Burera kuva aho umugezi wa Gisuro wisukira mu mugezi wa Mugobore kugera mu kiyaga cya Ruhondo aho Uturere twa Burera, Gakenke na Musanze duhurira. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’amajyepfo  y’Akarere ka  Musanze kugera ku iteme rya Kabamonyo ku mugezi wa Mukungwa, aho Uturere twa Musanze, Gakenke na Nyabihu duhurira.

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Gakenke ruhuye n’urubibi rw’iburengerazuba bw’Akarere ka Rulindo kuva mu masangano y’imigezi ya Gisuro na Mugobore aho Uturere twa Rulindo, Burera na Gakenke duhurira, kugera mu masangano ya Nyabarongo n’umugezi wa Munindi aho Uturere twa Rulindo na Gakenke two mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru n’Akarere ka Kamonyi ko mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo duhurira.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Gakenke rugizwe n’umugezi wa Nyabarongo kuva mu masangano yayo n’umugezi wa Munindi aho Uturere twa Rulindo na Gakenke two mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru n’Akarere ka Kamonyi ko mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo duhurira kugera mu masangano ya Mukungwa na Nyabarongo aho Akarere ka Gakenke ko mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru gahurira n’Akarere ka Ngororero ko mu Ntara y’Iburengerazuba n’Akarere ka Muhanga ko mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Gakenke rugizwe n’umugezi wa Mukungwa kuva mu masangano yawo na Nyabarongo aho Uturere twa Gakenke ko mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru, Akarere ka Muhanga ko mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo n’Akarere ka Ngororero  ko mu Ntara y’Iburengerazuba duhurira, uzamuka  uwo mugezi kugera ku iteme rya Kabamonyo aho uturere twa Gakenke na Musanze two mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru duhurira n’Akarere ka Nyabihu ko mu Ntara y’Iburengerazuba.

 

II.2.3  INTARA Y’AMAJYEPFO

 

II.2.3.1 AKARERE KA MUHANGA

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Kuva mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Muhanga rutangirira mu masangano ya Nyabarongo n’umugezi wa Bakokwe ugakomeza umugezi wa Bakokwe, ukagera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Kinani. Kuva aho, uzamuka akagezi ka Kinani kugera  muri metero igihumbi n’ijana na mirongo inani (m1180). Kuva aho, uzamukira mu gikombe cy’umusozi wa Rutongo ukurikira urubibi rw’Umurenge wa Kabacuzi wo mu Karere ka Muhanga n’Umurenge wa Kayumbu wo mu Karere ka Kamonyi kugera ku rubibi rw’Umurenge wa Cyeza n’Umurenge wa Kabacuzi yo mu Karere ka Muhanga n’Umurenge wa Kayumbu wo mu Karere ka Kamonyi. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Cyeza n’Umurenge wa Kayumbu kugera aho Umurenge wa Cyeza  n’Imirenge ya Musambira na Kayumbu yo mu Karere ka Kamonyi ihurira unyuze ku muhanda wa Nyabikenke-Takwe. Kuva aho, ukomeza mu masangano y’imigezi ya Minyago na Nyagatare. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Imirenge ya Cyeza na Musambira unyuze ku tugezi twa Karumba, Kamanga, Takwe na Gatango kugera aho Imirenge ya Musambira na Nyarubaka yo mu Karere ka Kamonyi ihurira n’Umurenge wa Cyeza mu kibaya cya Kajegemba. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Imirenge ya  Cyeza na Nyarubaka kugera aho Imirenge ya Shyogwe na Cyeza yo mu Karere ka Muhanga ihurira n’Umurenge wa Nyarubaka wo mu Karere ka Kamonyi unyuze ku mugezi wa Gisuma. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Imirenge ya Shyogwe na Nyarubaka kugera aho imurenge ya Shyogwe, Nyarubaka na Mbuye yo mu Karere ka Ruhango ihurira ku mugezi w’Uruniga. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’imurenge ya Shyogwe na Mbuye kugera aho Imirenge ya Mbuye na Byimana yo mu Karere ka Ruhango ihurira n’Umurenge wa Shyogwe ku mugezi w’Ururumanza unyuze ku mugezi w’Agaseso mu gishanga cya Nyiramadari.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye  iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Muhanga ruhera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Mukungwa n’uwa Nyabarongo aho Akarere ka Ngororero ko mu Ntara y’Iburengerazuba, Akarere ka Gakenke ko mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru n’Akarere ka Muhanga ko mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo duhurira , ugakomeza Nyabarongo kugera mu masangano yayo n’umugezi wa Bakokwe aho Akarere ka Gakenke ko mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru, n’Uturere twa Muhanga na Kamonyi, two mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo  duhurira.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’aka Karere ruhera aho  akagezi ka Gatare kinjirira muri Nyabarongo aho Uturere twa Muhanga na Ruhango two mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo na Karongi yo mu Ntara y’Iburengerazuba duhurira, ugakomeza Nyabarongo kugera mu masangano yayo n’umugezi wa Mukungwa aho Akarere ka Muhanga ko mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo, Akarere ka Ngororero ko mu Ntara y’Iburasirazuba n’Akarere ka Gakenke ko mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru duhurira.

 

 

 

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’aka Karere ruhera ku  mugezi w’Ururumanza aho Imirenge ya Byimana na Mbuye yo mu Karere ka Ruhango n’Umurenge wa Shyogwe wo mu Karere ka Muhanga ihurira, uzamuka umugezi w’Ururumanza kugera mu masangano y’akagezi ka Rwambanda n’akagezi ka Rwamikarara. Kuva aho, uzamuka akagezi ka Rwambanda ukanyura mu cyuzi cy’Ayideri (A.I.D.R) ukagera ku isoko y’akagezi ka Mpazi. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Shyogwe n’Umurenge wa Byimana wo mu Karere ka Ruhango kugera ku mugezi wa Rugeramigozi uri mu gishanga cya Rugeramigozi unyuze aho umuhanda wa kaburimbo Muhanga-Huye uhurira n’umuhanda ujya i Shyogwe. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Rugeramigozi kugera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Miguramo n’akagezi ka  Ruvuzo. Kuva aho, umanuka umugezi wa Miguramo kugera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Rubanda. Kuva aho, uzamuka ako kagezi kugera mu isoko yako. Kuva aho, ukomeza  umurongo ugororotse ugana ku muhanda Ntongwe-Kigufi. Kuva aho, ukurikira ako gahanda ugana i Ntongwe ho metero magana atanu na mirongo itatu (m 530). Kuva aho, werekeza iburengerazuba ugana mu mugezi wa Nyanza. Umanuka uwo mugezi kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Rushubi ukambukiranya umuhanda Ntongwe-Mwaka ukagera ku mugezi wa Gatare. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo mugezi wa Gatare kugera aho winjirira mu mugezi wa Nyabarongo ku rubibi rw’Intara y’Iburengerazuba.

 

II.2.3.2 AKARERE KA KAMONYI

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana amajyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Kamonyi ruhera  mu masangano ya Nyabarongo n’umugezi wa Nyabugogo, umanuka Nyabarongo kugera mu masangano yayo n’Akanyaru. Kuva aho, uzamuka Akanyaru ugana mu majyepfo kugera mu masangano yako n’umugezi wa Mukunguri  aho  Uturere twa Kamonyi, Ruhango na Bugesera duhurira.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Kamonyi ruhera  mu masangano ya Nyabarongo n’umugezi wa Bakokwe. Kuva aho, ukomeza Nyabarongo kugera mu masangano yayo n’umugezi wa Nyabugogo aho Uturere twa Nyarugenge na Kamonyi duhurira.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Kamonyi rugizwe n’urw’iburasirazuba bw’Akarere ka Muhanga kuva mu masangano ya Nyabarongo n’umugezi wa Bakokwe kugera aho Uturere twa  Muhanga, Ruhango na Kamonyi duhurira ku mugezi w’Uruniga.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Kamonyi ruhera  aho umugezi wa Mukunguri winjirira mu Kanyaru . Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo mugezi wa Mukunguri kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa  Karuruma. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza kuba urw’Imirenge ya Mbuye wo mu Karere ka Ruhango na Nyarubaka wo mu Karere ka Kamonyi unyuze ku mugezi wa Kabakene kugera ku mugezi w’Uruniga aho Uturere twa Muhanga, Ruhango na Kamonyi duhurira.

 

II.2.3.3 AKARERE KA RUHANGO

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Ruhango rugizwe n'Akanyaru kuva aho umugezi wa Kanyegenyege winjirira mu Kanyaru kugera aho umugezi wa Mukunguri winjirira mu Kanyaru .

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Ruhango rugizwe n’imbibi z’amajyepfo y’Uturere twa Kamonyi na Muhanga  kuva aho umugezi wa Mukunguri winjirira mu Kanyaru  kugera aho umugezi wa Gatare winjirira muri Nyabarongo.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Ruhango  ruhera aho umugezi wa Gatare winjirira muri Nyabarongo. Kuva aho, uzamuka Nyabarongo kugera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Mbirurume n’uwa Mwogo. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Mwogo kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyamiseke aho Uturere twa Ruhango, Nyanza na Nyamagabe duhurira.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Ruhango ruhera aho umugezi wa Nyamiseke winjirira mu mugezi wa Mwogo. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Nyamiseke kugera mu isoko yawo. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza kuba urw’Umurenge wa Kabagali wo mu Karere ka Ruhango n’uwa Cyabakamyi wo mu Karere ka Nyanza kugera aho Imirenge ya Kabagali na Bweramana yo mu Karere ka Ruhango ihurira n’Umurenge wa Cyabakamyi unyuze ku migezi ya Mpimbana na Nyarucyamo. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza kuba urw’Umurenge wa Bweramana  n’urw’Imirenge ya Cyabakamyi na Mukingo yo mu Karere ka Nyanza kugera mu masangano y’imigezi ya Nyamigogo na Bironi unyuze ku musozi wa Joma, imigezi ya Nyakabungo, Bakokwe, Base, Rwasegahobe na Kabingo. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Nyamigogo kugera aho Imirenge ya Mukingo na Kigoma yo mu Karere ka Nyanza ihurira n’Umurenge wa Ruhango wo mu Karere ka Ruhango . Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza kuba urw’Umurenge wa Ruhango n’urw’Umurenge wa Kigoma kugera ku mugezi wa Kabumba wambukiranyije umuhanda wa kaburimbo Muhanga-Huye. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Kabumba ukagera ku mugezi wa Gisuma ukawukomeza kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Rwakirebura. Kuva aho, ukomeza  umugezi wa  Muvuguto  kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Rwanzabana. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi  wa Rwanzabana kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyakariba. Kuva aho uzamuka umugezi wa Nyakariba kugera ku isoko yawo. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Ntongwe wo mu Karere ka Ruhango n’urw’Umurenge wa Busoro wo mu Karere ka Nyanza kugera mu masangano y’imigezi ya Kabya na Busenyi. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Rwamakungu kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Rwintare. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Kanyegenyege kugera aho winjirira mu Kanyaru  aho Uturere twa Bugesera, Ruhango na Nyanza duhurira.

 

II.2.3.4 AKARERE KA NYANZA

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Nyanza ruhera aho Akanyaru gahurira n’umugezi wa Kanyegenyege. Kuva aho, uzamuka Akanyaru kugera aho gahurira n’umugezi wa Cyili ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’amajyarauguru y’Akarere ka Nyanza ruhuye n’urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Ruhango kuva aho umugezi wa Nyamiseke winjirira mu mugezi wa Mwogo kugera aho umugezi wa Kanyegenyege winjirira mu Kanyaru.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Nyanza ruhera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Kavili n’uwa Rukondo. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Rukondo kugera mu masangano y’ umugezi wa Gasagure n’akagezi ka  Bitinda . Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Cyanika wo mu Karere ka Nyamagabe n’uwa Nyagisozi wo mu Karere ka Nyanza unyuze ku mugezi ka Gasagure kugera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Musayo n’umugezi wa Ruzibaziba. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Gihimbi kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Mazimeru. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Mazimeru kugera aho akagezi ka Cyahafi kisukira mu mugezi wa Mazimeru hagati y’Umurenge wa Mbazi wo mu Karere ka Nyamagabe n’Umurenge wa Nyagisozi wo mu Karere ka Nyanza. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza kuba urw’iyo Mirenge kugera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Rukarara n’uwa Rwumunyu unyuze mu gasanteri k’ubucuruzi ka Rukondo no ku mugezi wa Cyimfizi. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Rukarara kugera mu masangano yawo  n’umugezi wa Mwogo. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Mwogo kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyamiseke aho Uturere twa Ruhango, Nyamagabe na Nyanza duhurira.

 

 

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Nyanza ruhera aho umugezi wa Cyili winjirira mu Kanyaru ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Cyili kugera mu masangano y’imigezi ya  Rwasanzu na Nyarwambu. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Nyarwambu kugera aho umugezi wa Rwasengare uwisukiramo. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Ntyazo wo mu Karere ka Nyanza n’Umurenge wa Kinazi wo mu Karere ka Huye. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza kuba urw’iyo Mirenge kugera aho Imirenge ya Muyira na Ntyazo yo mu Karere ka Nyanza ihurira n’Umurenge wa  Kinazi wo mu Karere ka Huye ku mugezi w’Agasasa. Kuva aho ,urubibi rukomeza  ari urw’Umurenge wa Muyira wo mu Karere ka Nyanza n’Umurenge wa  Kinazi wo mu Karere ka Huye kugera aho ihuriye n’Umurenge wa Busasamana wo mu Karere ka Nyanza ku mugezi wa Gisharara. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza kuba urw’Umurenge wa Kinazi n’urw’Umurenge wa Busasamana kugera ku mugezi wa Gatare wambukiranyije umuhanda wa kaburimbo Muhanga- Huye. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Gatare kugera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Rwabiteme. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Nyamukana kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyakwibereka. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo mugezi kugera aho uhinduriye izina ukitwa Ntaruka. Kuva aho, ukomeza Ntaruka kugera mu masangano yayo n’umugezi wa Mwogo. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Mwogo kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Kavili. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Kavili kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Rukondo aho Uturere twa Nyamagabe, Nyanza na Huye duhurira.

 

II.2.3.5 AKARERE KA GISAGARA:

 

Iburasirazuba n’Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Gisagara ruhera mu masangano y’Akanyaru n’umugezi wa Cyili ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi kugera aho umugezi wa Migina wisukira mu Kanyaru.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Gisagara rugizwe n’urw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Nyanza kuva aho umugezi wa Cyili wisukira mu Kanyaru kugera mu masangano y’imigezi ya Nyarwambu na Rwasanzu aho Uturere twa Nyanza, Gisagara na Huye duhurira.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Gisagara ruhera mu masangano y’imigezi ya Nyarwambu na Rwasanzu. Kuva aho, ukurikira umugezi wa Rwasanzu kugera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Bilingo n’umugezi w’Umubazi. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Bilingo kugera mu masangano y’akagezi k’Isumo n’akagezi ka Kuyamagana. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi w’Isumo kugera mu masangano y’akagezi ka Kibyeyi n’akagezi ka Nyakigezi. Kuva aho, ukomeza akagezi ka Nyakigezi kugera ku isoko yako iri hagati y’Umurenge wa Save wo mu Karere ka Gisagara n’uwa Rusatira wo mu Karere ka Huye. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’iyo Mirenge kugera aho ruhuriye n’urw’Umurenge wa Mbazi wo mu Karere ka Huye ku mugezi wa  Rwantama. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Rwantama kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyamugali. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Cyezuburo kugera mu masangano yawo n’utugezi twa Mpazi na Furwe. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Cyibone kugera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi k’Akogo. Kuva aho, Ukomeza umugezi wa Migina, kugera aho wisukiye mu Kanyaru ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi.

 

II.2.3.6 AKARERE KA HUYE

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Akarere ka Huye rugizwe n’urubibi rw’ iburengerazuba bw’Akarere ka  Gisagara uturutse mu masangano y’imigezi ya Nyarwambu na Rwasanzu, ugakomeza kugera mu masangano y’akagezi k’Akogo n’umugezi wa Migina.

 


Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Huye rugizwe n’urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Nyanza uturutse mu masangano y’imigezi ya Nyarwambu na Rwasanzu kugera mu masangano y’imigezi ya Kavili na Rukondo.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Huye ruhera ku mpinga y’agasozi ka Nyarusange. Kuva aho, umanuka mu gikombe kiri hagati y’udusozi, aka Rutuna ko mu Karere ka Nyamagabe n’aka Kinazi ko mu Karere ka Huye ugahura n’umugezi wa Gisuma, ukawukomeza kugera mu masangano y’umugezi wa  Mwogo n’umugezi wa Nyantama. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Nyantama kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nkungu. Urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Gasaka wo mu Karere ka Nyamagabe n’Umurenge wa Kigoma wo mu Karere ka Huye kugera ku mugezi wa Nyamugali unyuze ku kagezi ka Kabanda. Kuva aho, umanuka umugezi wa Nyamugali kugera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Gasago. Kuva aho, umanuka umugezi wa Kavili kugera mu masangano yawo na Mwogo.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye  iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba mu masangano y’umugezi wa Migina n’akagezi k’Akogo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Huye rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Ngera wo mu Karere ka Nyaruguru n’urw’Umurenge wa Mukura wo mu Karere ka Huye. Kuva aho urubibi rukomeza ari  akagezi k’Akogo, rukambukiranya umuhanda wa kaburimbo Huye –Akanyaru unyuze ku Kibuye cya Shari rukagera ku kagezi ka Kajororo. Kuva aho, ukomeza akagezi ka Kajororo kugera mu masangano yako n’akagezi ka Kogera n’akagezi ka Nyiranda. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Musizi kugera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Gatare. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Imirenge ya Gishamvu  na Rusenge yo mu Karere ka Huye n’urw’Umurenge wa Ngera  unyuze ku mugezi wa Musizi, ukazamuka mu mpinga y’umusozi wa Gishamvu kugera aho Imirenge ya Karama na Gishamvu yo mu Karere ka Huye n’Umurenge wa Rusenge  wo mu Karere ka Nyaruguru ihurira. Kuva aho umanuka akagezi ka Gisuma kugera mu masangano yako n’akagezi ka Nkonji. Kuva aho, uzamuka akagezi ka Nkonji wambukiranye umuhanda Huye – Karama – Kibeho kugera mu masangano y’akagezi ka Nkonji n’akagezi ka  Nyamyijima. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Kibeho wo mu Karere ka Nyaruguru n’urw’Umurenge wa Karama wo mu Karere ka Huye kugera ku kagezi k’Agatorove. Kuva aho, uzamuka akagezi k’Agatorove kugera mu masangano yako n’akagezi ka Kabinduro. Kuva aho, ukomeza akagezi ka Kabinduro kugera mu isoko yako. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Mata wo mu Karere ka Nyaruguru n’urw’Imirenge ya Karama na Maraba yo mu Karere ka Huye kugera mu mpinga y’agasozi ka Nyarusange aho Uturere twa Huye, Nyaruguru na Nyamagabe duhurira.

 

II.2.3.7 AKARERE KA NYARUGURU

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Akarere ka Nyaruguru rugizwe n’urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Huye kuva mu mpinga y’umusozi wa Nyarusange aho Uturere twa Nyamagabe, Huye na Nyaruguru duhurira kugera mu masangano y’imigezi ya Migina n’Akogo. Kuva aho , ukomeza umugezi wa Migina kugera aho wisukira mu Kanyaru ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’ cy’u Burundi.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Nyaruguru rutangirira mu mpinga y’umusozi wa Nyarusange, aho Uturere twa Nyamagabe, Huye na Nyaruguru duhurira. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Imirenge ya Mata na Ruramba yo mu Karere ka Nyaruguru n’urw’Umurenge wa Kamegeri wo mu Karere ka Nyamagabe kugera aho Umurenge wa Tare wo mu Karere ka Nyamagabe uhurira n’Umurenge wa  Kamegeri n’uwa Ruramba ku mugezi wa Mwogo. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Mwogo kugera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Bushirasoni. Kuva aho, uzamuka akagezi ka Bushirasoni kugera ku gahanda kajya mu Gasarenda aho Umurenge wa Kitabi wo mu Karere ka Nyamagabe n’Umurenge wa Ruramba ihurira. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’iyo Mirenge kugera ku mugezi wa Nyirakaranda ukomeze uwo mugezi kugera mu masangano yawo n’Akanyaru. Kuva aho, uzamuka Akanyaru kugera aho gahurira n’umugezi w’Uwisuri.

 

Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi Uwisuri kugera mu isoko yawo. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Kitabi n’urw’Umurenge wa Kivu wo mu Karere ka Nyaruguru  kugera ku kagezi k’Agatonga. Kuva aho, umanuka ako kagezi kugera ku kagezi k’Umuganza ukagakomeza  kugera aho kisukira mu Kanyaru. Kuva aho, umanuka Akanyaru kugera mu masangano yako n’umugezi wa Munywanzuki. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Munywanzuki kugera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Macu. Kuva aho, uzamuka akagezi ka Macu kugera ku isunzu rya Kongo Nili ku rubibi rw’Intara y’Iburengerazuba aho Akarere ka Rusizi ko mu Ntara y’Iburengerazuba n’Uturere twa Nyamagabe na Nyaruguru duhurira.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru , urubibi rw’Akarere ka Nyaruguru rutangirira ku mpembe y’amajyepfo iri ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi kuri dogere makumyabiri n’icyenda, iminota makumyabiri n’ibiri n’amasogonda cumi n’atatu ( 29° 22’ 13’’) y’Umurongo  Nkingi w’iburasirazuba na dogere ebyiri, iminota mirongo itanu n’amasogonda cumi n’atanu ( 2° 50’ 15”) y’Umurongo Mbariro w’amajyepfo uvuye kuri Koma y’Isi, ukomeza umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi kugera aho Intara y’Iburengerazuba n’Intara y’Amajyepfo zihurira.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, kuva aho umugezi wa Migina wisukira mu Kanyaru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Nyaruguru rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi  kugera ku mpembe iri kuri dogere makumyabiri n’icyenda, iminota makumyabiri n’ibiri n’amasogonda cumi n’atatu( 29° 22’ 13”) z’Umurongo Nkingi w’iburasirazuba na dogere ebyiri, iminota mirongo itanu n’amasogonda cumi n’atanu ( 2° 50’ 15”) y’Umurongo Mbariro w’amajyepfo uvuye kuri Koma y’Isi.

 

II.2.3.8 AKARERE KA NYAMAGABE

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo , urubibi rw’Akarere ka Nyamagabe ruhuye n’urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Ruhango kuva mu masangano y’imigezi ya Mbirurume na Mwogo, kugera mu masangano y’imigezi ya Nyamiseke na Mwogo. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’iburengerazuba bw’Akarere ka Nyanza n’Akarere ka Huye kugera mu mpinga y’umusozi wa Nyarusange.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, kuva mu masangano y’imigezi ya Mbirurume na Mwogo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Nyamagabe rugizwe n’urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Intara y’Iburengerazuba kugera aho Uturere twa Karongi na Nyamasheke two mu Ntara y’Iburengerazuba duhurira  n’Akarere ka Nyamagabe ko mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Nyamagabe rugizwe n’urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Intara y’Iburengerazuba kuva aho Akarere ka Rusizi ko mu Ntara y’Iburengerazuba gahurira n’Akarere ka Nyanza n’Akarere ka Nyaruguru two mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo kugera aho Uturere twa Nyamasheke na Karongi two mu Ntara y’Iburengerazuba duhurira n’Akarere ka Nyamagabe.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Nyamagabe ruhuye n’urubibi rw’Amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Nyaruguru kuva ku mpinga y’umusozi wa Nyarusange aho Uturere twa Nyamagabe, Huye na Nyaruguru duhurira kugera ku isunzu rya Kongo Nili  aho Uturere twa Nyamagabe, Nyaruguru na Rusizi duhurira.

 

 

 

 

 

 

II.2.4..INTARA Y’IBURASIRAZUBA

 

II.2.4.1 AKARERE KA NYAGATARE

 

Amajyaruguru n’Amajyaruguru y’iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’amajyaruguru n’amajyaruguru y’iburengerazuba by’Akarere ka Nyagatare rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Uganda kuva mu masangano y’umugezi wa Muvumba n’Akagera kugera ku mpinga y’umusozi wa Nyamiringa unyuze ku misozi ya Mwendaki na Nyarurambi kugera ku gishanga cya Rwangingo  aho iyo Mirenge ihurira n’Umurenge wa Kabarore wo mu Karere ka Gatsibo. Kuva aho, ukomeza hagati mu gishanga cya Rwangingo werekeza amajyaruguru kugera aho gihurira n’igishanga cya Kibondo. Kuva aho, uzamuka igishanga cya Kibondo kugera ku muhanda uva Ngarama ugana Gabiro. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo muhanda werekeza Gabiro kugera aho Imirenge ya Karangazi na Kabarore ihurira n’Umurenge wa Rwimbogo wo mu Karere ka Gatsibo. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Imirenge ya Karangazi na Rwimbogo kugera aho ihurira n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Tanzaniya.

 

Iburasirazuba

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburasirazuba bw’Akarere ka Nyagatare rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Tanzaniya kuva mu masangano y’umugezi wa Muvumba n’Akagera kugera aho urubibi rw’Umurenge wa Karangazi wo mu Karere ka Nyagatare n’urw’Umurenge wa Rwimbogo wo mu Karere ka Gatsibo zihurira.

 

Amajyepfo

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Nyagatare ruhera mu masangano y’imigezi ya Nyiragashashi na Rwashambure. Kuva aho , ukomeza umugezi wa Karungeli kugera mu gishanga cya Karambi aho Umurenge wa Mimuli wo mu Karere ka Nyagatare uhurira n’Umurenge wa Ngarama wo mu Karere ka Gatsibo. Kuva aho, ukomeza urubibi rw’iyo Mirenge kugera mu gishanga cya Kiyaji aho iyo Mirenge ihurira n’Umurenge wa Katabagemu wo mu Karere ka Nyagatare. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Imirenge ya Katabagemu wo mu Karere ka Nyagatare na Ngarama wo mu Karere ka Gatsibo unyuze ku Misozi  ya Mwendaki na Nyarurambi kugera mu gishanga cya Rwangingo aho iyo Mirenge ihurira n’Umurenge wa Kabarore wo mu Karere ka Gatsibo. Kuva aho, ukomeza mu gishanga cya Rwangingo werekeza mu majyaruguru yacyo kugera aho gihurira n’igishanga cya Kibondo. Kuva aho, uzamuka igishanga cya Kibondo, kugera ku muhanda Ngarama-Gabiro. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo muhanda werekeza Gabiro, kugera aho Imirenge ya Karangazi na Kabarore ihurira n’umurenge wa Rwimbogo wo mu Karere ka Gatsibo. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Karangazi na Rwimbogo, kugera aho ihurira n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Tanzaniya.

 

Iburengerazuba

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Nyagatare ruhuye n’urubibi rw’Iburasirazuba bw’Intara y’Amajyaruguru kuva ku mpinga y’umusozi wa Nyamilinga ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Uganda kugera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Nyiragashashi na Rwashambure.

 

II.2.4.2 AKARERE KA GATSIBO

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Gatsibo rugizwe n’urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Nyagatare kuva mu masangano y’imigezi ya Nyiragashashi na Rwashambure kugera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Tanzaniya aho Umurenge wa Karangazi wo mu Karere ka Nyagatare uhurira n’Umurenge wa Rwimbogo wo mu Karere ka Gatsibo.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Akarere ka Gatsibo ruhuye n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Tanzaniya kuva aho Umurenge wa Karangazi wo mu Karere ka Nyagatare uhurira n’Umurenge wa Rwimbogo wo mu Karere ka Gatsibo kugera aho Umurenge wa Rwimbogo uhurira n’Umurenge wa Murundi wo mu Karere ka Kayonza.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Gatsibo rutangirira aho Akarere ka Rwamagana n’aka Gicumbi duhurira n’Akarere ka Gatsibo mu kiyaga cya Muhazi hagati. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza hagati mu kiyaga cya Muhazi kugera aho Akarere ka Kayonza gahurira n’Akarere ka Gatsibo n’aka Rwamagana mu kiyaga hagati. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Kagende kugera mu masangano y’akagezi ka Kayanga n’aka Mwizinga. Kuva aho, uzamuka akagezi ka Kayanga kugera mu masangano y’akagezi ka Ngungu n’aka Kagina. Kuva aho, uzamuka akagezi ka Ngungu kugera mu masangano y’utugezi twa Nyamuko na Rwagishoma. Kuva aho uzamuka akagezi ka Nyamuko kugera mu isoko y’akagezi ka Nyabigega. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Rukara wo mu Karere ka Kayonza n’Umurenge wa Kiziguro wo mu Karere ka Gatsibo kugera aho ihurira n’Umurenge wa Murundi wo mu Karere ka Kayonza. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Murundi n’uwa Kiziguro kugera aho ruhuriye n’urw’Umurenge wa Rugarama wo mu Karere ka Gatsibo. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Murundi n’urw’Umurenge wa Rugarama. Kuva aho, urubibi rurakomeza kugera aho ruhuriye  n’urw’Umurenge wa Rwimbogo  mu Karere ka Gatsibo runyuze mu gishanga kiri hagati y’imisozi ya Rwinsheke na Matunguru. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Rwimbogo na Murundi kugera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Tanzaniya.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburengerazuba rw’Akarere ka Gatsibo ruhuye n’urubibi rw’iburasirazuba bw’Intara y’Amajyaruguru kuva mu masangano y’imigezi ya Nyiragashashi na Rwashambure kugera mu kiyaga cya Muhazi hagati aho Akarere ka Gatsibo gahurira n’Uturere twa Gicumbi na Rwamagana.

 

II.2.4 .3 AKARERE KA KAYONZA

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’amajyaruguru rw’Akarere ka Kayonza ruhuye n’urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Gatsibo kuva mu masangano y’utugezi twa Rwagitima na Misarara kugera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Tanzaniya aho Umurenge wa Murundi wo mu Karere ka Kayonza uhurira n’Umurenge wa Rwimbogo wo mu Karere ka Gatsibo.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Iburengerazuba bw’Akarere ka Kayonza ruhera mu masangano y’imigezi ya Ruvuvu na Kamiranzovu. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Kamiranzovu mu Gishanga cya Cyabitana kugera mu masangano y’imigezi ya Rugurube na Ndabukiye. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Ndabukiye kugera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Nyakariba. Kuva aho, wambukiranya umuhanda wa kaburimbo Kigali-Kayonza, ukaminuka ukagera ku mugezi wa Rwandenzi. Kuva aho,  uzamuka umugezi wa Gikandamura kugera ku isoko yawo aho umusozi wa Karwiru utangirira. Kuva aho, uzamuka uwo musozi werekeza mu  mubande wa  Rwabashara  ugakomeza hagati muri uwo mubande kugera ku kiyaga cya Muhazi. Ukomeza mu kiyaga cya Muhazi kugera aho Uturere twa  Gatsibo, Kayonza na Rwamagana  duhurira.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Kayonza ruhera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Ruvuvu na Kamiranzovu. Kuva aho, uzamuka igishanga cyo Mubuliba kugera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Misarara n’akagezi ka Kaneke. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Misarara kugera mu masangano y’utugezi twa Gitoshi na Rumira. Kuva aho, uzamuka akagezi  ka Gitoshi kugera mu masangano yako n’akagezi ka Cyizanye. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Imirenge ya Kabarondo wo mu Karere ka Kayonza n’Umurenge wa Remera wo mu Karere ka Ngoma kugera aho zihurira n’urw’Umurenge wa Murama wo mu Karere ka Kayonza ku mugezi wa Rugozi. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Rugozi kugera mu masangano y’akagezi ka Gicaca n’akagezi ka Gashubi. Kuva aho, uzamuka akagezi ka Gicaca kugera mu masangano y’utugezi twa Nyarutoma na Nyakabungo. Kuva aho, uzamuka akagezi ka Nyarutoma kugera mu masangano y’utugezi twa Nyarubande n’akagezi ka Karungu. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza  ari urw’Umurenge wa Murama n’Umurenge wa Ngoma kugera aho ihurira n’Umurenge wa Kabare ku mugezi wa Cyizabwangu , kumanuka uwo mugezi kugera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Rwagasagura. Kuva aho, uzamuka akagezi ka Rwagasagura kugera mu masangano y’utugezi twa Gihaza na Kabarungu. Kuva aho urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Imirenge ya Kabare wo mu Karere ka Kayonza na Rukira wo mu Karere ka Ngoma kugera aho ruhurira n’urw’Umurenge wa Nasho wo mu Karere ka Kirehe ku musozi wa Cyamigurwa. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Kabare na Nasho kugera ku kiyaga cya Nasho. Kuva aho, ukomeza inkengero z’icyo kiyaga werekeza iburasirazuba kugera mu kiyaga cya Cyambwe hagati. Kuva aho, ukomeza mu kiyaga hagati cya Cyambwe kugera ku Kagera. Kuva aho, ukomeza Akagera kugera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Tanzaniya.

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana amajyepfo, urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Akarere ka Kayonza rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Tanzaniya, kuva aho urubibi rw’Umurenge wa Rwimbogo wo mu Karere ka Gatsibo ruhurira n’urw’Umurenge wa Murundi wo mu Karere ka Kayonza kugera aho urubibi rw’Umurenge wa Ndego wo mu Karere ka Kayonza ruhurira n’urw’Umurenge wa Mpanga wo mu Karere ka Kirehe.

 

II.2.4.4  AKARERE KA KIREHE

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’Amajyaruguru rw’Akarere ka Kirehe ruhuye n’urubibi rw’Amajyepfo rw’Akarere ka Kayonza uhereye ku musozi wa Cyamigurwa hahuriye Uturere twa Kayonza, Ngoma na Kirehe kugera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Tanzaniya ku rubibi rw’Umurenge wa Ndego wo mu Karere ka Kayonza n’uwa Mpanga wo mu Karere ka Kirehe.

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye amajyaruguru ugana amajyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Kirehe rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu  cy’u Rwanda n’icya Tanzaniya kuva ku rubibi rw’Umurenge wa Ndego wo mu Karere ka Kayonza n’urw’Umurenge wa Mpanga wo mu Karere ka Kirehe kugera ku Kiraro cya Rusumo ku muhanda mpuzamahanga wa kaburimbo Rwanda-Tanzaniya.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Kirehe rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda, icya Tanzaniya n’icy’u Burundi kuva ku Kiraro cya Rusumo kiri ku muhanda mpuzamahanga wa kaburimbo Rwanda-Tanzaniya kugera ku Kagera aho urubibi rw’Umurenge wa Gahara wo mu Karere ka Kirehe ruhurira n’urw’Umurenge wa Mutendeli wo mu Karere ka Ngoma.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Kirehe ruhera  mu masangano y’umugezi wa Rwagitugusa n’Akagera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Kagogo kugera mu masangano yawo n’uwa Kibaya, gukomeza umugezi wa Kagogo  kugera mu masangano yawo n’uwa Ruvuzi. Kuva aho kuzamuka umugezi wa Ruvuzi kugera ku muhanda wa Ruvuzi-Rukira, ukomeza uwo muhanda werekeza Rukira ugaca iburyo muri metero magana abiri (m 200) utaragera ku bigega by’amazi werekeza mu mubande urimo umugezi wa Rubande. Kuva aho umanuka umugezi wa Rubande kugera mu mugezi wa Sarambuye, kuwuzamuka kugera ku mugezi wa Rwimirambi, kuwuzamuka ukagera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Kinuka ugaca iburyo uzamuka hagati y’udusozi twa Cyabayaga na Bisagara ukagera ku mugezi wa Nyarubindi. Kuva aho,  ukomeza umugezi wa Nyarubindi  kugera mu gishanga cya Binoni.Kuva aho, uzamuka akabande ka Kanyamuna aho gahurira n’igishanga cya Binoni kugera mu kabande ka Kizoki. Kuva aho, uzamuka umusozi wa Tomi ibumoso bwawo, ukamanukira mu kabande ka Kanywamagana. Kuva aho, uzamuka impinga ya Cyamigurwa ukagera aho Uturere twa Kayonza , Kirehe na Ngoma two mu Ntara y’Iburasirazuba duhurira.

 

II.2.4.5 AKARERE KA NGOMA

 

Amajyaruguru

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Ngoma rutangirira  ku Kagera, ukambukiranya igishanga kiri hagati y’Imirenge ya Karenge wo mu Karere ka Rwamagana na Rukumbeli wo mu Karere ka Ngoma, ugakomeza mu kiyaga cya Mugesera kugera mu masangano yacyo n’umugezi wa Nkungu. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Nkungu kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Ruvuvu n’uwa Kamiranzovu . Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Kayonza kugera ku mpinga y’umusozi wa Cyamigurwa aho Uturere twa Kayonza, Kirehe na Ngoma duhurira.

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Ngoma rugizwe n’urubibi rw’iburengerazuba bw’Akarere ka Kirehe uhereye ku Kagera, ukambuka igishanga kiri hagati y’Umurenge wa Mutendeli wo mu Karere ka Ngoma n’Umurenge wa Gahara wo mu Karere ka Kirehe, ugakomeza ukambuka ikiyaga cya Nyabugongwe ugana aho umugezi wa Rwagitugusa wisukira muri icyo kiyaga. Kuva aho, urubibi rugizwe n’urubibi rw’iburengerazuba bw’Akarere ka Kirehe kugera mu mpinga y’umusozi wa Cyamigurwa aho Uturere twa Kayonza, Ngoma na Kirehe duhurira.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Ngoma rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi kuva ku rubibi rw’Amajyepfo y’Akarere ka Kirehe ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi kugera kuri «déversoir» ya Nyakarambo.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana  mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Ngoma rugizwe n’umugezi w’Akagera kuva kuri «déversoir» ya Nyakarambo kugera aho urubibi rw’amajyaruguru yako rutangirira.

 

II.2. 4.6 AKARERE KA RWAMAGANA

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba,  urubibi rw’Akarere ka Rwamagana rutangirira aho akagezi ka Kigozi kisukira mu kiyaga cya Muhazi. Kuva aho,  gukomeza hagati mu kiyaga cya Muhazi kugera mu gishanga gishyira umubande wa Rwabashara.

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rugizwe n’urubibi rw’iburengerazuba bw’Akarere ka Kayonza, kuva aho igishanga kiri mu mubande wa Rwabashara gihurira n’ikiyaga cya Muhazi kugera mu masangano y’imigezi ya Ruvuvu na Kamiranzovu.

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rugizwe n’urw’amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Ngoma kuva mu masangano y’imigezi ya Ruvuvu na Kamiranzovu kugera ku Kagera. Kuva aho, uzamuka Akagera kugera mu masangano yako n’umugezi wa Rugende uri mu gishanga cya Rugende.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburengerazuba rw’Akarere ka Rwamagana  rugizwe  n’urubibi  rw’iburasirazuba bw’Umujyi wa Kigali  kuva  aho akagezi ka Kigozi kisukira mu kiyaga cya Muhazi kugera aho akagezi ka Rugende kisukira mu Kagera.

 

II.2.4.7 AKARERE KA BUGESERA

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Bugesera ruhera   aho Nyabarongo ihurira n’Akanyaru. Kuva aho,  ukomeza Akagera  kugera mu masangano yako n’umugezi wa Rugende uri mu gishanga cya Rugende.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Bugesera ruhera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi ku  mugezi w’Akanyaru. Kuva aho, ukomeza Akanyaru kugera mu masangano yako n’umugezi wa Nyabarongo.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Bugesera rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi,  kuva ku Kanyaru ku rubibi rw’Akarere ka  Bugesera n’aka Nyanza kugera ku Kagera ku rubibi rw’Akarere ka Bugesera n’Akarere ka Ngoma.

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Bugesera rugizwe n’Akagera kuva ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi kuri «deversoir» ya Nyakarambo kugera aho umugezi wa Rugende uri mu gishanga cya Rugende wisukira mu Kagera.

 

II.2.5 INTARA Y’IBURENGERAZUBA

 

II.2.5.1 AKARERE KA RUSIZI

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’iburasirazuba bw’Akarere ka Rusizi rugizwe  n’urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Intara y’Iburengerazuba kuva ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi ku isunzu rya Kongo Nili kugera ku muhanda wa kaburimbo Huye -Rusizi muri Pariki y’Igihugu  ya Nyungwe aho Uturere twa Rusizi na Nyamasheke duhurira n’Akarere ka Nyamagabe ko mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba  ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Rusizi ruhera ku muhanda wa kaburimbo Huye -Rusizi muri Pariki y’Igihugu ya Nyungwe aho Uturere twa Rusizi, Nyamasheke na Nyamagabe duhurira. Kuva aho,  ukomeza uwo muhanda kugera aho uhurira n’umugezi wa Rubyiro. Kuva aho, umanuka uwo mugezi kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Ntondwe. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Ntondwe kugera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Nyagahanga. Kuva aho uzamuka akagezi ka Nyagahanga kugera mu masangano yako n’akagezi ka Rwibira. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Nkungu wo mu Karere ka Rusizi n’urw’Umurenge wa Ruharambuga wo mu Karere ka Nyamasheke unyuze ku kagezi ka Nyagahanga kugera aho imbibi z’iyo Mirenge zihurira n’urubibi rw’Umurenge wa Giheke wo mu Karere ka Rusizi.Kuva aho,  urubibi rukomeza  ari urw’Umurenge wa Giheke n’urw’Umurenge wa Ruharambuga kugera ku mugezi wa Kajagamba. Kuva aho, umanuka umugezi wa Kajagamba kugera aho uhuriye n’urubibi rw’Imirenge ya Bushenge wo mu Karere ka Nyamasheke na Giheke. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Giheke n’urw’Umurenge wa Bushenge wambukiranyije umuhanda wa kaburimbo Huye -Rusizi ,ugakomeza kugera ku mugezi wa Nyagahembe. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Nyagahembe kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Kijabwe. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Giheke n’urw’Umurenge wa Bushenge kugera ku mugezi wa Kabulindi. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Kabulindi kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Cyunyu. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Cyunyu kugera aho wisukira mu kiyaga cya Kivu. Kuva aho, ukomeza urwo rubibi kugera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo, aho Akarere ka Rusizi gahurira  n’Akarere ka Nyamasheke mu kiyaga cya Kivu.

 

Iburengerazuba

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Rusizi rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo kuva aho imipaka y’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda, icy’u Burundi n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo ihurira kugera aho Uturere twa Rusizi na Nyamasheke duhurira mu kiyaga cya Kivu.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Rusizi rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icy’u Burundi kuva aho Uturere twa Nyaruguru na Rusizi duhurira kugera ku mupaka uhuza Igihugu cy’u Rwanda, icy’u Burundi n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo .

 

II.2.5.2 AKARERE KA NYAMASHEKE

 

 Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana  mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Nyamasheke rugizwe n’urubibi rw’iburengerazuba rw’Intara y’Iburengerazuba kuva aho Uturere twa Rusizi, Nyamasheke na Nyamagabe duhurira kugera aho Uturere twa Nyamasheke, Karongi na Nyamagabe duhurira ku mugezi wa Kilimbi.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Nyamasheke ruhera aho Uturere twa Karongi, Nyamasheke na Nyamagabe duhurira ku mugezi wa Kilimbi. Kuva aho, umanuka uwo mugezi kugera ku mugezi w’Uwisumo aho, Imirenge ya Mahembe na Karambi yo mu Karere ka Nyamasheke ihurira n’Umurenge wa Twumba wo mu Karere ka Karongi. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Mahembe n’urw’Umurenge wa Twumba kugera ku isoko y’umugezi wa Kidubugu. Kuva aho, umanuka umugezi wa Kidubugu kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Gisovu. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Nyarubandwa kugera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Nyamabuye. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Imirenge ya Mahembe na Twumba kugera ku mugezi wa Ruhanga. Kuva aho, umanuka umugezi wa Ruhanga kugera aho wisukira mu kiyaga cya Kivu. Kuva aho ,ukomeza mu kiyaga cya Kivu aho Umurenge wa Gishyita wo mu Karere ka Karongi n’Umurenge wa Gihombo wo mu Karere ka Nyamasheke ihurira kugera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’ u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo, aho Uturere twa Karongi na Nyamasheke duhurira mu Kiyaga cya Kivu.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’iburengerazuba rw’Akarere ka Nyamasheke rugizwe n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo  kuva aho Uturere twa Nyamasheke na Rusizi duhurira kugera aho Uturere twa Nyamasheke na Karongi duhurira mu kiyaga cya Kivu.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye  iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Nyamasheke ruhuye n’urubibi rw’amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Rusizi, kuva ku muhanda wa kaburimbo Huye–Rusizi, aho Uturere twa Nyamasheke, Rusizi na Nyamagabe duhurira  kugera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo  mu kiyaga cya Kivu aho Uturere twa Nyamasheke na Rusizi duhurira.

 

II.2.5.3 AKARERE KA KARONGI

 

Iburasirazuba n’Amajyepfo.

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Karongi rugizwe n’urubibi rw’iburasirazuba bw’Intara y’Iburengerazuba kuva ku mugezi wa Kilimbi aho Uturere twa Karongi, Nyamagabe na Nyamasheke duhurira  kugera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Nyabarongo n’umugezi wa Nyamitanga aho Uturere twa Karongi, Ngororero na Muhanga duhurira.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Karongi ruhera kuva ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo mu kiyaga cya Kivu aho Akarere ka Karongi gahurira n’Akarere ka Rutsiro. Kuva aho, ukomeza umurongo ugororotse kugera aho umugezi wa Muregeya wisukira mu Kiyaga cya Kivu. Kuva aho, uzamuka uwo  mugezi kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Kannyogo. Kuva aho ,ukomeza umugezi wa Muregeya kugera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Mitongano n’uwa Kajemba. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Rubengera wo mu Karere ka Karongi n’urw’Umurenge wa Mukura wo mu Karere ka Rutsiro, ukagera ku muhanda wa kaburimbo Muhanga- Karongi. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo muhanda werekeza iburasirazuba kugera aho Umurenge wa Rugabano wo mu Karere ka Karongi n’Umurenge wa Mukura wo mu Karere ka Rutsiro ihurira n’Umurenge wa Nyange wo mu Karere ka Ngororero. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Rugabano n’Umurenge wa Nyange kugera mu masangano y’akagezi ka Ruhondo n’akagezi ka Kagomba. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Nyamitanga kugera aho wisukira muri Nyabarongo.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Karongi rugizwe n’urubibi rw’amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Nyamasheke kuva ku mugezi wa Kilimbi aho Uturere twa Karongi, Nyamagabe na Nyamasheke duhurira kugera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo mu kiyaga cya Kivu aho Uturere twa Nyamasheke na Karongi duhurira. Kuva aho, ukomeza umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo  kugera aho Akarere ka Karongi gahurira n’Akarere ka Rutsiro mu kiyaga cya Kivu .

 

II.2.5.4 AKARERE KA RUTSIRO

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Rutsiro ruhera mu masangano y’imigezi ya Bihongora na Nyanzo. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Bihongora kugera mu isoko yawo. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Nyabirasi wo mu Karere ka Rutsiro n’Umurenge wa Muhanda wo mu Karere ka Ngororero kugera ku mugezi wa Bikeneko. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Bikeneko kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Sebeya. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Sebeya kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Busenda. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Sebeya kugera aho Imirenge ya Murunda na Rusebeya yo mu Karere ka Rutsiro ihurira n’Umurenge wa Muhanda. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Imirenge ya Muhanda na Rusebeya kugera aho ruhurira n’urw’Umurenge wa Kavumu wo mu Karere Ngororero. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Rusebeya na Kavumu kugera ku mugezi wa Satinsyi. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Satinsyi kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Nyamwotsi. Kuva aho urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Imirenge ya Mukura wo mu Karere ka Rutsiro na Ndaro wo mu Karere ka Ngororero kugera ku mugezi wa Kiguhu. Kuva aho, umanuka umugezi wa Kiguhu kugera  aho Imirenge ya Ndaro na Mukura ihurira n’Umurenge wa Nyange wo mu Karere ka Ngororero. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Imirenge ya Mukura na Nyange kugera aho Uturere twa Rutsiro, Karongi na Ngororero duhurira.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana  iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Rutsiro ruhera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo. Kuva aho, ukomeza umurongo ugororotse kugera aho umugezi wa Nyamwanda wisukira mu kiyaga cya Kivu. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza kuba urw’Umurenge wa Kivumu wo mu Karere ka Rutsiro n’uwa Nyamyumba wo mu Karere ka Rubavu kugera ku mugezi wa Budacya. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Budacya kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Pfunda. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Nyundo wo mu Karere ka Rubavu n’Umurenge wa Nyabirasi wo mu Karere ka Rutsiro kugera mu masangano y’utugezi twa Nyaforongo na Gatare. Kuva aho, ukomeza akagezi ka Gatare kugera mu masangano yako n’umugezi wa Bihongora aho Imirenge ya Nyabirasi na Nyundo ihurira n’Umurenge wa Kanama wo mu Karere ka Rubavu. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Kanama na Nyabirasi kugera mu masangano y’utugezi twa Bihongora na Nyanzo aho Uturere twa Nyabihu, Rubavu na Rutsiro duhurira.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Rutsiro ruhuye n’urw’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo  kuva aho Akarere ka Karongi n’aka Rutsiro duhurira kugera aho Uturere twa Rubavu na Rutsiro duhurira mu kiyaga cya Kivu.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Rutsiro ruhuye n’urw’amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Karongi kuva ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo aho Uturere twa Rutsiro na Karongi duhurira mu kiyaga cya Kivu kugera aho Uturere twa Rutsiro , Ngororero na Karongi duhurira.

 

II.2.5.5 AKARERE KA NGORORERO

 

Iburasirasuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Akarere ka Ngororero ruhuye n’urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’Intara y’Iburengerazuba kuva mu masangano ya Nyabarongo n’umugezi wa Nyamitanga kugera mu masangano ya Nyabarongo na Mukungwa. Kuva aho, uzamuka umugezi wa Mukungwa kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Rubagabaga.

 

Amajyaruguru:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Ngororero ruhera  aho Uturere twa Nyabihu , Rutsiro na Ngororero duhurira. Kuva aho,  urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Mulinga wo mu Karere ka Nyabihu n’uwa Muhanda wo mu Karere ka Ngororero unyuze ku musozi wa Rutare, umugezi wa Rusenge, kugera aho iyo Mirenge ihurira n’Umurenge wa Kabaya mu Karere ka Ngororero ku mugezi wa Giciye. Kuva aho, ukomeza umugezi wa Giciye kugera mu masangano yawo n’akagezi ka Ntosho. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Jomba wo mu Karere ka Nyabihu n’uwa Kabaya unyuze ku kagezi ka Ntosho kugera mu masangano y’umugezi wa Rubagabaga n’akagezi ka Gakaranka. Kuva aho, umanuka umugezi wa Rubagabaga kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Mukungwa.

 

Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana  mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburengerazuba rw’Akarere ka Ngororero ruhuye n’urubibi rw’iburasirazuba bw’Akarere ka Rutsiro kuva aho Uturere twa Nyabihu, Rutsiro na Ngororero duhurira kugera aho Uturere twa Karongi , Ngororero na Rutsiro duhurira.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Ngororero ruhuye n’urubibi rw’amajyaruguru rw’Akarere ka Karongi kuva mu masangano ya Nyabarongo n’umugezi wa Nyamitanga aho Uturere twa Karongi, Ngororero na Muhanga  duhurira kugera aho Uturere twa Rutsiro, Karongi na Ngororero duhurira.

 

II.2.5.6 AKARERE KA RUBAVU

 

Iburasirazuba:

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Rubavu ruhera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo aho Umurenge wa Bugeshi wo mu Karere ka Rubavu uhurira n’uwa Kabatwa wo mu Karere ka Nyabihu. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’iyo Mirenge kugera aho ruhurira n’urw’Umurenge wa Mudende wo mu Karere ka Rubavu. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Kabatwa n’uwa Mudende kugera aho ruhurira n’urw’Umurenge wa Bigogwe mu Karere ka Nyabihu. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari urw’Umurenge wa Bigogwe n’uwa Mudende kugera aho ruhurira n’urw’Umurenge wa Kanzenze ku muhanda wa kaburimbo Musanze-Rubavu. Kuva aho, ukurikira urubibi rw’Imirenge ya Kanzenze na Bigogwe kugera aho iyo Mirenge ihurira n’uwa Kanama wo mu Karere ka Rubavu.Kuva aho, ukurikira urubibi rw’Imirenge ya Bigogwe na Kanama kugera aho ihurira n’Umurenge wa Rambura wo mu Karere ka Nyabihu. Kuva aho, ukurikira urubibi rw’Imirenge ya Rambura na Kanama kugera aho ihurira n’Umurenge wa Mulinga wo mu Karere ka Nyabihu ku mugezi wa Nyanzo. Kuva aho, ukomeza uwo mugezi kugera mu masangano yawo n’umugezi wa Bihongora aho Uturere twa Rubavu, Nyabihu na Rutsiro duhurira.

 

Amajyaruguru n’Iburengerazuba:

 

Uhereye  mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Rubavu ruhuye n’umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo kuva aho Uturere twa Nyabihu na Rubavu duhurira n’uwo mupaka kugera aho Uturere twa Rubavu na Rutsiro duhurira mu kiyaga cya Kivu.

 

Amajyepfo:

 

Uhereye iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Rubavu ruhuye n’urw’Amajyaruguru y’Akarere ka Rutsiro kuva aho gahurira n’Akarere ka Rubavu ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo kugera aho Uturere twa Rubavu, Rutsiro na Nyabihu duhurira.

 

II.2.5.7 AKARERE KA NYABIHU

 

Iburasirazuba

 

Uhereye mu majyepfo ugana  mu majyaruguru, urubibi rw’iburasirazuba rw’ Akarere ka Nyabihu ruhuye n’urubibi rw’iburasirazuba bw’Intara y’Iburengerazuba kuva mu masangano y’imigezi ya Mukungwa na Rugobagoba kugera  ku iteme rya Kabamonyo riri kuri Mukungwa aho Uturere twa Nyabihu, Gakenke na Musanze duhurira.

 

Amajyaruguru

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’amajyaruguru rw’Akarere ka Nyabihu ruhuye n’urubibi rw’Iburengerazuba bw’Intara y’Amajyaruguru kuva ku iteme rya Kabamonyo riri ku mugezi wa Mukungwa kugera ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo aho Uturere twa Nyabihu na Musanze duhurira. Kuva aho, urubibi rukomeza ari umupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo kugera aho Uturere twa Rubavu na Nyabihu duhurira.

 

Iburengerazuba

 

Uhereye mu majyaruguru ugana mu majyepfo, urubibi rw’iburengerazuba rw’Akarere ka Nyabihu ruhuye n’urubibi rw’iburasirazuba bw’Akarere ka Rubavu kuva ku mupaka w’Igihugu cy’u Rwanda n’icya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo, kugera aho Uturere twa Nyabihu, Rutsiro na Rubavu duhurira.

 


Amajyepfo

 

Uhereye iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba, urubibi rw’Akarere ka Nyabihu rugizwe n’urubibi rw’Uturere twa Ngororero na Rutsiro kuva ku masangano y’imigezi ya Rugobagoba na Mukungwa kugera aho Uturere twa Nyabihu, Rubavu na Rutsiro duhurira.

 

Kigali  ku wa 31/12/2005

 

Perezida wa Repubulika

KAGAME Paul

(sé)

 

Minisitiri w’Intebe

MAKUZA Bernard

(sé)

 

Minisitiri w’Ubutegetsi bw’Igihugu, Imiyoborere Myiza ,

Amajyambere Rusange n’Imibereho Myiza y’Abaturage

MUSONI Protais

(sé)

 

Bibonywe kandi bishyizweho Ikirango cya Repubulika :

 

Minisitiri w’Ubutabera

MUKABAGWIZA Edda

(sé)
UMUGEREKA WA III W’ITEGEKO NGENGA N° 29/2005 RYO KUWA 31/12/2005  RIGENA IMITEGEKERE Y’IGIHUGU CY’U RWANDA WEREKEYE IMITERERE Y’INTARA/UMUJYI WA KIGALI N’UTURERE

 

Kodi

 Intara/Umujyi wa Kigali

Kodi

Akarere

Kodi

Umurenge

01

UMUJYI WA KIGALI

 

 

 

 

 

 

0101

NYARUGENGE

 

 

 

 

 

 

010101

GITEGA

 

 

 

 

010102

KANYINYA

 

 

 

 

010103

KIGALI

 

 

 

 

010104

KIMISAGARA

 

 

 

 

010105

MAGEREGERE

 

 

 

 

010106

MUHIMA

 

 

 

 

010107

NYAKABANDA

 

 

 

 

010108

NYAMIRAMBO

 

 

 

 

010109

NYARUGENGE

 

 

 

 

010110

RWEZAMENYO

 

 

0102

GASABO

 

 

 

 

 

 

010201

BUMBOGO

 

 

 

 

010202

GATSATA

 

 

 

 

010203

GIKOMERO

 

 

 

 

010204

GISOZI

 

11:35 Écrit par RWANDA_actualit | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) |  Facebook |

05/06/2005

Amoko mu Rwanda uko nyabona - Ildephonse Murayi Habimana dit Nikozitambirwa

  1. Nemera ko mu Rwanda nta moko abaho. Iyi ngingo nyihurizaho na Paul Kagame, Tito Rutaremara, Servilien Sebasoni na bagenzi babo.
  2. N’ubwo bwose mu Rwanda ari nta moko ahaba, hari abanyarwanda bironda bagashaka kwikubira ibyiza by’igihugu bonyine. Abanyarwanda nkabo kandi rimwe na rimwe ubasanga muri ba bandi bahakana ko ari nta moko abaho ariko bagakora nkaho abaho. Iyo Paul Kagame, Tito Rutaremara na Servilien Sebasoni, kubera UKWIRONDA kwabo, ibigo byose bigengwa na Leta (établissements publics)  n’AMABANKI babishinze benewabo GUSA GUSA GUSA, nk’uko bigaragara mu gitabo Enéas Gakusi aherutse gusohora, baba bimakaza ubwoko bushya buryamira abandi Banyarwanda. Uwaramuka avuze ko ABANYAKAZU bagize ubwoko bushya mu Rwanda, ntabwo yaba yibeshye. Akazu ka Paul Kagame ntabwo ari akazu k’Abatutsi. Nk’uko Akazu ka Juvénal Habyarimana katari akazu k’Abahutu. Ni akazu k’ABANYAKAZU. Ni bwo bwoko bushya busigaye mu Rwanda. Kuva kera kandi mu Rwanda hari hasanzwe imvugo igira ngo “AMOKO NI ABIRI” (ngo hari n’Abataramukanya !!!). Il y a aujourd’hui, au Rwanda, des citoyens et des sous-citoyens, comme il y avait sous le régime d’Habyarimana, des citoyens et des sous-citoyens, comme il y avait à Rome des patriciens et des plébéiens. AMOKO NI ABIRI.
  3. Ibyo Zéphanie Byilingiro avuga ko UBUKIGA n’UBUNYENDUGA ari amoko ntabwo ari byo. Amoko ni ABIRI. Abanyakazu bigeze kuba Abanyenduga (kuri Repubulika ya mbere). Ariko ntabwo icyo gihe Abanyenduga bari Abanyakazu. Yego akazu kari kagizwe n’Abanyenduga, ariko imbaga y’Abanyenduga ntiyakarangwagamo. Nyuma y’ibyo ngibyo, Abanyakazu bigeze kuba Abakiga (kuri Repubulika ya kabiri). Ariko ntabwo icyo gihe Abakiga bari Abanyakazu. Yego akazu kari kagizwe n’Abakiga, ariko imbaga y’Abakiga ntiyakarangwagamo (erega AKAZU ni na gato ntugire ngo !!!). MAGINGO AYA, Abanyakazu ni Abanyarwanda bari barahunze hagati ya 1959 na 1994. Ariko ntabwo Abanyarwanda bose barutashyemo muri nyakanga 1994 ari Abanyakazu. Yego akazu kagizwe n’Abanyarwanda babaga hanze y’u Rwanda hagati ya 1959 na 1994, ariko imbaga nyamwinshi muri bo ntikarangwamo.

  • Kubera iyo mpamvu, nsanga ku giti cyanjye abemeza ko ingoma ya Paul Kagame itonesha Abatutsi igapyinagaza Abahutu, babeshya. Ingoma ya Kagame ntabwo itonesha Abatutsi, ahubwo itonesha Abanyakazu bayo, igapyinagaza Abanyarwanda.
  • Ingoma ya Juvénal Habyarimana ntabwo yatoneshaga Abakiga ngo ipyinagaze Abanyenduga, ahubwo yatoneshaga Abanyakazu bayo, igapyinagaza Abanyarwanda.
  • Ingoma ya Geregori Kayibanda ntabwo yatoneshaga Abanyenduga ngo ipyinagaze Abakiga, ahubwo yatoneshaga Abanyakazu bayo, igapyinagaza Abanyarwanda.

Umukino Abanyarwanda bahoramo ni wa wundi wa « VA KU GITI, DORE UMUNTU ». Bababwira batyo, bagahita bava ku muntu bagafata igiti !!!

Iyo Abanyarwanda barambiwe kuryamirwa n’AKAZU ako ari ko kose, Abanyakazu bahita bahindura ikibazo icy’amoko (nk’aho AKAZU kabo gafite ubwoko gahagarariye !!!).

Iyo Akazu ka Geregori Kayibanda kumvaga kageze mu mahina, kahitaga gatera indirimbo y’IMBAGA NYAMWINSHI Y’ABAHUTU kavugaga ko gahagarariye, ikibazo cy’AKAZU kigahita gihinduka icy’amoko gityo. Intero ikaba « VA KU GITI (Akazu), DORE UMUNTU (AMOKO) ». Abanyarwanda babyumva batyo bagahita bava ku muntu (AKAZU) bakajya ku giti (AMOKO).

Iyo Akazu ka Juvenal Habyarimana kumvaga kageze mu mahina, kahitaga gatera indirimbo y’IMBAGA NYAMWINSHI Y’ABAHUTU kavugaga ko gahagarariye, ikibazo cy’AKAZU kigahita gihinduka icy’amoko gityo. Intero ikaba « VA KU GITI (Akazu), DORE UMUNTU (AMOKO) ». Abanyarwanda babyumva batyo bagahita bava ku muntu (AKAZU) bakajya ku giti (AMOKO).

Iyo Akazu ka Paul Kagame kumvise kageze mu mahina, gahita gatera indirimbo y’AMACAKUBIRI MU MOKO Y’ABANYARWANDA kavuga ko karwanya, ikibazo cy’AKAZU kigahita gihinduka icy’amoko gityo. Intero ikaba « VA KU GITI (Akazu), DORE UMUNTU (AMACAKUBIRI MU MOKO) ». Abanyarwanda babyumva batyo bagahita bava ku muntu (AKAZU) bakajya ku giti (AMOKO).

Ingoma ya Paul Kagame ntabwo itonesha Abatutsi ngo ipyinagaze Abahutu, ahubwo itonesha Abanyakazu (les patriciens), igapyinagaza Abanyarwanda (la plèbe). Ndifuza ko Zéphanie Byilingiro yabyumva atyo.

Icyo ntahakanyaho Zéphanie Byilingiro ni kimwe : mu Rwanda hari abitwa n’abiyita Abatutsi, bafashwe nabi cyane nk’abandi Banyarwanda bose, ariko bagashimishwa no kumva ko ngo igihugu kiyoborwa n’Abatutsi !!! Ceux-là ne détiennent pas le pouvoir au Rwanda, mais ils ont, à tort ou à raison, l’impression d’être au pouvoir, et, apparemment ça leur suffit.

Ku ngoma ya Juvénal Habyarimana hari Abakiga bari bafashwe nabi cyane nk’abandi Banyarwanda bose, ariko bagashimishwa no kumva ko ngo igihugu kiyoborwa n’Abakiga !!! Ceux-là ne détenaient pas le pouvoir au Rwanda, mais ils avaient, à tort ou à raison, l’impression d’être au pouvoir, et, apparemment ça leur suffisait.

Ku ngoma ya Geregori Kayibanda hari Abanyenduga bari bafashwe nabi cyane nk’abandi Banyarwanda bose, ariko bagashimishwa no kumva ko ngo igihugu kiyoborwa n’Abanyenduga !!! Ceux-là ne détenaient pas le pouvoir au Rwanda, mais ils avaient, à tort ou à raison, l’impression d’être au pouvoir, et, apparemment ça leur suffisait.

Ce dont les Rwandais ont besoin, ce n’est pas de détenir le pouvoir (ils ne le peuvent pas tous) mais tout simplement d’avoir l’impression que les dirigeants du pays les représentent ; de pouvoir se reconnaître en eux ; de n’avoir pas l’impression qu’il y a, au pays des mille collines, d’une part des citoyens à part entière , et, d’autre part, des sous-citoyens.

Le limogeage de Gerald Gahima cette semaine a fait beaucoup de bruits, parce que les Rwandais ont été surpris de constater qu’un citoyen à part entière, tel ce Gerald Gahima, pouvait subir le même sort que les sous-citoyens qu’étaient Pasteur Bizimungu (le sous-citoyen Président de la République), Faustin Twagiramungu (le sous-citoyen Premier Ministre), Pierre Célestin Rwigema (le sous-citoyen Premier Ministre), Joseph Sebarenzi Kabuye (le sous-citoyen Président de l’Assemblée Nationale), Charles Ntakirutinka (le sous-citoyen Ministre des Travaux Publics), Valens Kajeguhakwa (le sous-citoyen Banquier), Seth Sendashonga (le sous-citoyen Ministre de l’Intérieur), Général Emmanuel Habyarimana (le sous-citoyen Ministre de la défense), etc… Mais ils se trompent sur une chose : celui qui veut noyer son chien l’accuse de rage. Tous ces sous-citoyens ont été accusés de rage alors que la plupart n’en avaient pas. Par contre, Gerald Gahima a la rage depuis dix ans, et ce n’est qu’aujourd’hui que certains prétendent le remarquer !!! Et c’est ici que le bât blesse. La phrase préférée de Gerald Gahima était « IMBWA YIGANYE INKA KUNNYA MU RUGO BARAYIKUBITA !!!». INKA Gerald Gahima ka Gafatankwavu n’étant pas « IMBWA » nka mwene BYIMBWA, yataye amase mu rugo depuis 10 ans, et certains membres de l’AKAZU s’étonnent qu’on puisse lui reprocher aujourd’hui ce qu’il a toujours fait de tout temps (corruption, concussion, escroquerie, cel frauduleux, recel de biens volés, trafic d’influence, détournement de fonds publics, extorsion…) sans qu’il soit inquiété !!!

Le découpage vertical de la société rwandaise en ethnies ou régions est, à mon avis, trompeur et inadéquat. La ligne de démarcation entre les citoyens et les sous citoyens n’est pas verticale, elle est transversale. Elle sépare le Rwanda d’en haut (AKAZU constitués de citoyens) du Rwanda d’en bas (la plèbe des sous-citoyens). Dans le Rwanda d’en bas, on y retrouve toutes les prétendues ethnies du Rwanda. L’immense majorité des réputés BATUTSI font aujourd’hui (comme hier et avant-hier) partie de la plèbe des sous-citoyens, même si certains d’entre eux ont l’impression (mais ce n’est qu’une impression) du contraire. L’immense majorité des réputés BAHUTU font aujourd’hui (comme hier et avant-hier) partie de la plèbe des sous-citoyens, même si certains d’entre eux avaient, hier et avant-hier, l’impression (mais ce n’était qu’une impression) du contraire.

Le cas de Gerald Gahima est très intéressant à suivre. C’est la première fois, sous le régime de Paul Kagame, qu’un membre de l’AKAZU, citoyen à part entière, qui n’avait pas que l’impression d’être au pouvoir mais qui y était réellement, tombe en disgrâce. D’où l’incrédulité des plus sceptiques qui voient dans sa  « disgrâce » une manœuvre destinée à faire passer le Président Paul Kagame pour un incorruptible, même à l’égard des membres les plus éminents de l’AKAZU. Wait and see. On en a déjà vus, des membres de l’Akazu, qui, après avoir commis leurs forfaits, tel ce Colonel IBINGIRA, le bourreau de Kibeho, ont été écartés pour quelques mois, pour revenir ensuite en force à des postes de loin supérieurs à ceux qu’ils occupaient avant.

ABANYAKAZU BAFITE AMAYELE MENSHI. ABANYARWANDA NATWE TUGAKOMEZA KUYACEKWA.

« VA KU GITI (amoko), DORE UMUNTU (AKAZU) ».

Bon dimanche.

Abatabizi bicwa no kutabimenya

Nikozitambirwa

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
"L'homme, à mon avis, se perfectionne par la confiance.
Par la confiance seulement. Jamais le contraire." (Mustafaj)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-----Original Message-----
From: Zephanie Byilingiro [mailto:byilin@hotmail.com]
Sent: dimanche 25 janvier 2004 11:13
To: Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr;
rwandanet@yahoogroups.com
; FOJUPET@yahoogroups.com; pascalk@comcast.net
Subject: [DHR] Gahunda yo kwigarurira intara yacu ya Kivu twasigiwe na Rwabugili (pour Shema)

Mon cher Eugene,

Nagirango wibutse aho twatangiliye, conclusion yawe irahura n'iyanjye Igihe navugaga  un nouveau contrat social. Ndacyavuga ko "amategeko meza agiyeho akanubahilizwa, amoko yasigara ali ikivugo cy'umuntu kukugaragaro agira ati ndi Umututsi mwene...., umuhutu mwene..., umutwa mwene...  kandi ali fier yo kuba icyo yaba alicyo".

Ntabwo nigeze nkuraho ubuhutu n'ubututsi ahubwo navuze ko ubwo bwoko alibwo bugize NDUGA(ABATWA BALI UKWABO). 

Ikibazo nagize gituma mvuga ABAKIGA n'ABASHI, n'uko bo binjinjwe mu Rwanda ubwo bwoko 3 buliho. Nibaza, ahubwo wamfasha kubisobanukirwa, ibisekuru bahuje n'abo bali basanzwe mugihugu.

Ikibazo cy'ubwimukira sinkibona cyane kuko baliya bo kwa Mashira(ubwo wowe wemera ko Mashira yabayeho atali mythe) banyanyagiye aliko ali ABABANDA. Umubanda wese azi aho akomoka.

Kuvuga  ABATWA-ABANYENDUGA- ABASHI n'ABAKIGA, biliya ni za ensembles nini zibumbiyemo ubwoko buturuka ku maraso: ABABANDA, ABAGESERA, ABASINGA, ABANYIGINYA, ABEGA....

Jye iyo mvuga ubwoko, c'est dans le sens positif, ubwayo mbona ntacyo atwaye, nikimwe n'abazungu n'abirabura muli Brezil, gusa iwacu  ubutegetsi bubi nibwo buyakoresha kugirango bugere kubyo bifuza.

Wibuke ibyo navuze ngerageza gusobanura igitera amacakubili muli Afrika kandi ahandi ali ibisanzwe.

Uti twe gutekereza kure bitazana amacakubili. Ntashobora kumarwa no kurenzaho. Hali ukundi byagenda si on aborde le probleme positivement. Ese wambwirako gukuraho clans muli identites byatumye zivaho?-Nyamara nizo zifite sens kurusha ethnies.

Sinshobora kwemera kubeshya ko un noir et un blanc basa kugirango bitazana amacakubili. Ko bitayatera muli Brezil kuki umuhutu usa n'umututsi bagira amacakubili mu Rwanda?

Sinshobora kwemera ko umugabo ali kimwe n'umugore kugirango hataza amacakubili. Niba ali kimwe se imbere y'amategeko, kuki habaho abadeputes bahagaralira abagore kandi bose bafite uburenganzira bungana bwo kwiyamamaza, gutora no gutorwa ndetse statistiques zerekana ko umubare w'abagore aliwo mwinshi kurusha uw'abagabo?

Iyo mvuga UMUKIGA ntabwo mba shaka kumuteranya n'UMUNYENDUGA. Il faut kubyumva dans le sens positif. Ikinyarwanda kitwa officiel ni ikinyarwanda kiva mu NDUGA. Aliko jye nasanze ikinyarwanda kivugwa MURUKIGA hali aho kigira sens kurusha icyo MUNDUGA. Jye ndavuga nti kuki UMUKIGA aba force yo kwiga ikinyenduga kikamudindiza iyo yiganye n'umunyenduga kandi urukiga ali riche kuburyo rwatuma umukiga yagira une identite yihaliye aho kwomekwa kumuhutu kandi yarabaye umunyarwanda ali umukiga. N'ABASHI n'uko.

Ese ko wavuze Mashira, abo bantu be banyanyagira bate, bazize iki, bagiyehe, banganaga iki, babayeho bate, ..?

Kuba ibyo tutabizi, dushatse kubimenya kuki byaba ali amacakubili?

Uti "harabaye ntihakabe", twigumanire UBUTWA, UBUHUTU n'UBUTUTSI. OK, aliko se ko ubutegetsi buvuga ko bigomba kwibagirana kuko ali amacakubili?

Ubwoko ou pas, ubutegetsi bubi, bubukoresha nabi nicyo kibazo.

BYILINGIRO

   

----- Original Message -----

From: SHEMA

To: rwandanet@yahoogroups.com ; FOJUPET@yahoogroups.com ; Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr ; pascalk@comcast.net ; Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr

Sent: Sunday, January 25, 2004 3:33 AM

Subject: Réf. : [DHR] Re: Gahunda yo kwigarurira intara yacu ya Kivu twasigiwe na Rwabugili (pour Shema)

Zéphanie,

Ibibazo nakubajije ntabwo wansubije muri ariya moko yawe "abatwa-abashi-abanyenduga-abakiga". Ubwoko kuri wowe ni aho umuntu atuye cg ni aho avuka? Ikibazo cyo gutandukanya abakiga n'abanyenduga nakubwiye ko abimukira bahera mu kera gati. Abakurikiranye amateka y'igihugu bavuga ko bene Mashira (ababanda) baturutse mu Nduga basakara muri za Ruhengeri (Bukonya cyane cyane), Gisenyi (Nyagisagara yari Kibilira) ni ahandi hose. Abo ni ukuvuga ko bari abanyenduga (ku nkomoko), ariko kuba ubu bari mu Ruhengeri cg muri Gisenyi, ubwo wowe uzabahindura abakiga. None ho dufate n'abanyaruhengeri bakwirakwiye Kigali muri za Masaka, bo uzabita abanyenduga (kandi ari abakiga ku nkomoko). Njye nakubwiye ko irondakarere ntaho ritugeza kuko uzagera aho ukavangavanga ibintu byinshi bikakuviramo isupu. Ibyiza ni ukubyihorera irondakarere twararipfuye, twari dukwiye kurirwanya kandi birashoboka. Buri wese aho atuye, usanga buri mukiga agira umunyamukenke we, buri munyenduga akagira umukiga we. Ndakumenyesha kandi ko ni iyo u Rwanda rwaba Gitarama gusa, wasanga abanyakanyanza bahindutse abakiga. ibyo rero twabyihorera, kuko hari ikibazo cy'ubwimukira, kuko ntabwo uzabuza abakiga kujya gushaka ibijumba mu nduga, cyangwa ngo ubuze abanyenduga kujya gushaka ibirayi mu Ruhengeri.

Ikindi nakubwira ni uko buri gihe irondakarere ritabayeho habaye ibintu byiza mu Rwanda. Niko twabonye Repubulika. Iyo hataba ibyo bamwe bita "axe Gitarama-Ruhengeri" révolution ntiba yarabaye Kayibanda ngo ajye gushaka Bicamumpaka. Amahane yongeye gutangira ari uko bazanye biriya by'abakonde kandi ntaho byari bihuriye n'ubuhake bwabaga mumajyepfo y'u Rwanda. Akaba ariho irondakarere ryaturutse. 

Ibindi by'amoko asanzwe tuzi (hutu/tutsi/twa) nabyo ntushobora kubisimbuza ariya moko yawe uti kuki? Buri mutwa aba afite umututsi we, buri mututsi aba afite umuhutu we. Mu gihe ugumishije ho mu moko yawe "abatwa" ugomba no kwemera ko abahutu n'abatutsi babaho.  Ikibazo ni uko tutagerageza kubifata positivement ngo twumve ko abo bose ari abavandimwe batuye u Rwanda, umwe akaba ashaka gukandamiza undi buri gihe aho gutahiriza umugozi umwe. Nta kwikinga umwenda mu maso, twemere ko ari irondakarere ribaho, twemere ko amoko asanzwe abaho, tugerageze kubihinduramo imbaraga nziza zitari izo kwicana ahubwo izo gutera imbere. twe kongera ho ibindi bidutanya kurushaho.

Eugène Shimamungu

-------Message original-------

De : Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr

Date : 24/01/2004 21:19:50

A : rwandanet@yahoogroups.com; FOJUPET@yahoogroups.com; Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr; Pascal Kalinganire

Sujet : [DHR] Re: Gahunda yo kwigarurira intara yacu ya Kivu twasigiwe na Rwabugili (pour Shema)

Pascal, iyo uvuze ibi "Ikibazo cya ndunga na Rukiga nticyahozeho kuko cyaje nyuma y'ubwigenge" wiyibagiza cyangwa bigaragara ko utazi umugani w'umunyaRuhengeri uvuga ati: IKIZANJANA IBWAMI NI UMUHORO GWANJE". Iyo bakubwira ko abakiga batigeze bemera ubutegetsi bw'abami wumva ntakibazo cyali gihali gute hagati y'abakiga n'abanyenduga mbere y'ubwigenge. Kayibanda se ntiyeretse abandi ko ABAPARMEHUTU nyabo ali abali bamwegereye(mu NDUGA)?

Ni ubuhe butegetsi se abakiga bigeze bemera atali ubwa Habyarimana kuko bavugaga bati: "Muze twishime nshuti, dore byose byashize, Imana ntirenganya". Ni icacu mwa!

Kayirebwa ati: "u Rwanda rugomba gusubizwa benerwo". Babigezeho bitwaje ubwoko, Paul Kagame ati "iby'amoko nibiveho".

Kuki mwikinga umwenda w'igitare mumaso mushaka kuyahisha kandi uwo mwenda ubonerana?

BYILINGIRO

Kagame ati nagifashe

----- Original Message -----

From: Pascal Kalinganire

To: Zephanie Byilingiro ; rwandanet@yahoogroups.com ; FOJUPET@yahoogroups.com ; Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr

Sent: Saturday, January 24, 2004 2:38 PM

Subject: Re: Gahunda yo kwigarurira intara yacu ya Kivu twasigiwe na Rwabugili (pour Shema)

Mukomere Zephanie na Eugene;

Ikibazo cya ndunga na Rukiga nticyahozeho kuko cyaje nyuma y'ubwigenge ku gihe cy'ubutegetsi bwa Prezida Gregor Kayibanda, kuberako hari aho byageze ugasanga muri Gouvernoma yose aba Ministri 95% ari abo twita abanyenduga. Aho General Major Habyalimana nawe afatiye igihugu, anashinja ubutegetsi bwa Kayibanda amacakubili mu banyarwanda, ashaka kuvuga ibintu bibili: hagati y'abahutu n'abatutsi, no hagati y'abanyenduga n'abakiga. Igihe kigiyeyo nibwo abanyenduga bagaragaye mu myanya y'ubutegetsi ari bake higanjemo abakiga, ahubwo abenshi mu batari abanyenduga batangiye 

gushaka inshuti z'abakiga kugirango babashe nabo kugera ku mugati, mu gihe abatutsi bo umutekano wabo wari ufashwe neza rwose muri icyo gihe ntavuze kubyerekeye akazi n'amashuli aho iringaniza riziye.

Ubwo rero ikibazo cya rukiga na nduga kiza giturutse ku butegetsi. Politiki ya Prezida Habyalimana yagerageje kubica aho buli Prefecture igiye ihabwa nibura aba Ministres babili umu Prefet akenshi agategeka muri Prefecture avukamo ababwira ati ngaho nimuzamure akarere kanyu, n'abanyu. Iringaniza mu mashuli ndetse no mu kazi benshi mu banyenduga bararirwanije nyamara ariko ryazamuye abari babikwiye aho umwana yabonaga umwanya mu ishuli kandi atagejeje ku manota 50% mais kubera uruhande aherereyemo.

Intambara y'inkotonyi yabigendeyeho maze ibitiza umulindi ngirango ntawe utazi ko aribyo byafashije FPR gutsinda intambara aho abantu babyitwaje ngo bahilike ingoma y'abakiga ubutegetsi bwongere bugaruke i Nduga uretse ko bwanahagarutse koko ariko sinzi niba abo babyifuzaga icyo gihe barabashije kubyihembamo.

Aho igihe kigeze nsanga twagombye kumenya ko twapfaga ubusa tukabyikuramo ahubwo umukiga agakorana neza n'umunyenduga, umuhutu agakorana neza n'umututsi maze tukareba uko twazamura urwanda rwacu.

Ngaho nimukomere cyane.

Pascal

----- Original Message -----

From: Zephanie Byilingiro

To: rwandanet@yahoogroups.com ; FOJUPET@yahoogroups.com ; Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr

Sent: Saturday, January 24, 2004 1:23 PM

Subject: Gahunda yo kwigarurira intara yacu ya Kivu twasigiwe na Rwabugili (pour Shema)

Ok!

Aliko rero  cher ami Eugene,

Iyo uvuga uti "twari dukwiye kugumana ibyo dufite", mbona ibibazo umbaza byerekeranye n'amoko ashingiye kuho abantu baba cyangwa baturuka byoroshye gusubiza kurusha gusubiza ibibazo by'"ibyo dufite" kuko mulibyo halimo ubwoko bwavuye mw'ijuru (IBIMANUKA)kandi alinabwo bwiyitilira histoire y'abanyarwanda.

Ibyo dufite ntituzi kubisobanura kuko iyo bigeze aho umuntu yarakeneye kumenya ibyabaye neza haza "kera habayeho, harabaye ntihakabe, sige wahera"!

Ibyo dufite ni indagano y'IBIMANUKA.

Naho ubundi kuba ABAKIGA bataratsindaga muli lettres, icyo ni ikimenyetso unyongereye cyuko bafite imyumvire itandukanye n'iyabahandi. Aliko kandi nabo batsindaga mu gisoda kurusha abo bahandi, byerekana nabyo ko bafite imikorere ahanitse yihaliye kurusha iyabahandi. Ngibyo ibisobanuro y'imico itandukanye.

Wowe niba warabaye muNDUGA ukisanga, ukahashobora, halin'abandi, nawe wabonye icyo byakumaliye. Uli imboneka limwe, ndetse nabenewanyu bakubonyemo umunyamahanga. Wanasanga n'imvugo warayihinduye. Wagize imana niba warasabaga amazi bakayaguha, uli iwanyu mu Ruhengeri.

Kuva ABAZIGABA n'ABASINGA  babyarana abami n' ABANYIGINYA, simbona uwo bita umututsi amaraso ye uko asa, aho atandukaniye n'ay'umuhutu babyaranye. Ibyo dufite nabyo ntibishingiye kumaraso.

Mubyo dufite, halimo abironda kurusha abandi, aliko iryo rondakoko ryabo ntilisobanuka, ali nayompamvu Boniface yerekana ko abenshi ali ubwoko bumwe:ABAHUTSI. Jye navuga nti ABANYENDUGA BOSE.

Ibyo aliko, jye mbibona mu NDUGA kuko ABAKIGA(nord du pays) n'ABASHI(Ouest du pays) bometswe ku Rwanda iby'ubwoko byaradogereye, byaradutanije bihagije.

None se wowe niba ukomoka muli Ruhengeri, wakwiyita umuhutu kimwe nanjye ukomoka ku GIKONGONGORO uhereye kugisekuruza cyahehe?

Iyo nshaka igisekuruza cyanjye ninjira mu rwa Gasabo. Umututsi nawe ni uko. Hali n'ubwo dukubitwa n'inkuba tugasanga hali umusinga kazi duhuliyeho. Wowe iyo ukulikiranye igisekuruza cyawe ujya kugishakira he? Iyo he niyo mbona ubwoko bwali bukwiye gufatiraho. Uti kugeza kure kungani iki?-Uli linguiste, waduhitiramo. 

Imitwalire ya gitutsi ko ntayo mwe bo muli Ruhengeri-Gisenyi muzi, ntacyo yabatwaye, uretse intambara yo muli 1990, ubundi abo batutsi muziranyi mwarahuliye he?

Iyo "abahutu" bo muli Ruhengeri-Gisenyi  kubera ko bageze mu Rwanda rwenda kwigenga, iyo bavuga "umututsi", wowe  wemera ko bamuvuga bamuzi nk'umuhutu w'IBWANAMUKARI wikoreye inkono ishyushye kandi barabayeho basanga aliko ubuzima bwabo busa?

Ese umututsi n'avuga ko umukiga ali umuntu w'umunyamahane, usuzugura ubutegetsi bw'utali uwiwabo akulikije ko mwanze ko babategeka, ntazaba ababeshyeye ngo mugira imico mibi kandi hagati yanyu mwubahana?

Ese ko wize muli Nyakinama, wabonye umuhutu cyangwa umututsi ukomoka mu NDUGA yakubitirwaga mumugi wa Ruhengeri akisunga ubutegetsi bwahe? Cyangwa wasanze umututsi wo mu Ruhengeri afatwa kimwe N'ABAHUTU bo mu Ruhengeti nkuko bafata umututsi ukomoka mu NDUGA?

Si kimwe se n'umuhutu ukomoka kumuPARMEHUTU uzajya gusanga MUVUNYI (Tito Rutaremara) ngo amurenganure? 

Ibyo dufite mbona alibyo artificiel kandi aho bitujyana ce n'est pas au ciel.

Dukwiye un autre "contrat social" tukava muy'ubuhake n'ubugererwa bwa Gatutsi na Gahutu.

BYILINGIRO

----- Original Message -----

From: SHEMA

To: FOJUPET@yahoogroups.com ; Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr ; rwandanet@yahoogroups.com

Sent: Saturday, January 24, 2004 7:29 AM

Subject: Réf. : [rwandanet] Gahunda yo kwigarurira intara yacu ya Kivu twasigiwe na Rwabugili (pour Shema)

Zéphanie,

Ikintangaza ni uko  ziriya groupes zawe ABATWA-ABANYENDUGA-ABASHI-ABAKIGA usanga buri groupe iteye ukwayo. Abatwa ni ubwoko buhujwe n'amaraso, abanyenduga ni "ubwoko" (sinzi niba ari uko umuntu yabyita) buhujwe n'aho abantu batuye kimwe n'abakiga, abashi bahujwe n'amaraso ni aho batuye. Urumva rero ko iryo tandukanyirizo ryawe ridafashe kubera ko ridashingiye ku kintu kimwe. Ibyerekeye ABAKIGA n'ABANYENDUGA, kubatandukanya mbona ari artificiel, kuko iyo umuntu yimutse atora imico y'aho yimukiye (ugiye i Buryasazi). Uti kuki? Ndatanga urugero nihereye ho. Navukiye mu Ruhengeri ariko mu by'ukuri nahabaye nk'imyaka umunani gusa mu ntangiriro z'ubuzima bwanjye, nongera gusubirayo ngiye kwiga muri Nyakinama. Sinzi umuntu wo mu Ruhengeri wabonye nteze imodoka ku mugoroba (kuva muri Nyakinama kugera iwacu ni nk'iminota mirongo itatu), arambwira ngo ko uteze imodoka bwije uragera yo? Ndamubaza nti hehe, undi ati iwanyu i Butare. Ngwa mu kantu. Ngirango ni nayo mpamvu nashoboye kwiga muri lettres ngatsinda kuko abakiga batsindagamo bari bake. Byahindutse dans les années 80, naho ubundi abakiga  batsindaga muri lettres bari ibihangange. Nagirango nkubwire ko njye ubwanjye bambariraga mu banyenduga, usibye ko irondakarere nta riba mu mutwe wanjye, je m'en accomode fièrement. Nkaburiya watandukanyije ABAKIGA n'ABANYENDUGA hari abimukira nkatwe twaheramo hagati. Ngirango uzi abantu benshi bari batuye za Masaka baturukaga mu Ruhengeri none se abo wabita abaki? Hari ukuntu nigeze gukurikirana biriya byo gutandukanya Inkiga na Nduga, nsanga ubutegetsi bwose butavuye mu baturage bugerageza kubitandukanya (Sud/Nord) "pour régner, il faut diviser" kugirango bushobore kwikanyiza. Ni nka babandi bitwaza u Bwami, bakavuga ngo mu Rwanda habaye umwami haba amahoro ngo kuko we atari umuhutu cg umututsi, umunyenduga cg se umukiga. none se uwakora raisonnement inverse akavuga ati, arashaka ubutegetsi kugirango ashyamiranye amoko cg uturere, noneho bamugirire ikizere kuko we ntaho avuka, cg se ko avuka mw'ijuru. Uko niko abatutsi baje gutegeka u Rwanda bakiyita ibimanuka ko ubutegetsi babuhawe na Nkuba.

Reka nkubaze akandi kabazo, ubwoko buhujwe n'aho umuntu atuye, cyangwa se ni amaraso? Njye ndumva twari dukwiye kugumana ibyo dufite birahagije kuduteranya, twongeye ho ibindi mbona ntaho byatugeza.

Eugène Shimamungu 

-------Message original-------

De : rwandanet@yahoogroups.com

Date : 24/01/2004 11:08:27

A : FOJUPET@yahoogroups.com; Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr; AKagera AKAGE

Cc : rwandanet@yahoogroups.com

Sujet : [rwandanet] Gahunda yo kwigarurira intara yacu ya Kivu twasigiwe na Rwabugili (pour Shema)

Shema,

Nijye wavuze ABATWA-ABANYENDUGA- ABASHI n'ABAKIGA kandi ni nanjye wavuze ko ubwoko buhujwe n'amaraso na culture mu Rwanda ali ubwa "clan" zazizndi z'ABAZIGABA-ABASINGA, ABAGESERA, ABANYIGINYA, ABEGA...ko ali nazo zali zikwiye kugaruka kuko zo zigendera kumuco karande.

Ibi nabivugiye ko mpereye kubyanyuma (clan), mbere yuko abatutsi bafata controle y'igihugu cy'u Rwanda rwa Gahinga, ABASANGWABUTAKA bali batuye, babaho par groupements claniques. Izo groupements zaturaga zikulikiye umukuru w'umuryango, imibereho, imico...byali bimwe. Inzo liens existants entre les individus de meme clan nizo plus significatifs. L'organisation sociale ya gitutsi niyo yazanye ibice bitatu bisumbana mugihugu:ABATUTSI-ABAHUTU n'ABATWA. Kubera impamvu zinyuranye, UMUTUTSI yashoboraga kuba UMUHUTU cyangwa UMUHUTU akaba UMUTUTSI. UMUTUTSI wo kungoma NYIGINYA yasumbye UMUNYIGINYA wo kugihe cy'abahinza. UMUNYIGINYA yumvisha ABASANGWABUTAKA ko we yaje aturutse mw'ijuru, bityo bagomba kumupfukamira. Iyo plan ninayo FPR yagaruye mu Rwanda, Le general canadien Dallaire niwe wabivugiye Arusha muliyi minsi. 

Ubu BUTUTSI-BUTWA-BUHUTU bushingiye kungufu, ubwoko buhinduka buli munsi bitewe n'ubutegetsi buliho ( Ex. Itegeko ryo muli 1942 ryategetse ko UMUTUTSI aba ufite inka 10 gusubiza hejuru. Ubwo UMUHUTU yabaga ufite nkeya).

Ibi rero bishingiye kubukire cyangwa kubwoko bwoherejwe n'Imana (NKUBA) mbona bidafite sens kurusha ubwoko bushingiye kumuryango, umuco, imikorere,indero, imibereho gakondo.

Nshingiye kuli ibi biheruka, abanyarwanda ubafashe mubwinshi bwabo (ngo clans zabo ni 18), usanga halimo groupes 4 nini zitandukanye kandi hagati yazo zifite ibizihuza bihulirwaho kandi banyirabyo bibonamo. Izo groupes nizo ABATWA-ABANYENDUGA- ABASHI N'ABAKIGA. Imwe mulizo groupes ifite akarere kihaliye mugihugu ibalizwamo. Abatwa nibo babaye ba nyamwigendaho aliko nibo boroshye kumenyekana. 

Ibi uzabigenzulire muminsi mikuru abanyarwanda bakora hagati yabo:amakwe, imibatizo... n' imitumiranire, imigenderanire, imisabanire, ubwironde...  

Abagize ziliya groupes uko ali 4, bashinze imizi kumasambu gakondo yabo kandi niyo bimutse barashakishilizanya bagaturana. Izo groupes usanga zumvikana (cyangwa zashobora kumvikana bitagoranye) mumitegekere y'Igihugu kurusha uko ubwumvikane bwaba hagati y'abantu benshi bavanze groupes d'origine.

Naho igitera amacakubili mumitegekere y'ibihugu byo muli Afrika ntikibitere iyo iburayi n'ahandi, impamvu ni nyinshi.

Ndaguha ingero nke nawe n'unkulikira ulibonera izindi.

  1. Abashaka ubutegetsi muli Afrika babushakira iki?-Ahanini ni inyota y'ubutegetsi n'irali ry'ibintu bya mirenge. Ababa bazi ibibazo by'abaturage nibake kandi n'ibisubizo bihali ntibijyanye n'amikoro igihugu kigira. Iyo bagifashe babanza d'abord se servir. Ahandi ishyaka liba lifite gahunda izamura igihugu ikanatanga inzira n'imigenzulire yaryo. Umwana w'umukuru w'igihugu abishoboye nawe ntakigomba kumuheza mumicungire y'igihugu cye. Iwacu, ntagahunda baba bafite, ntabushobozi mukurangiza ingirwa-gahunda bareba.
  2. Ababonye ubutegetsi muli Afrika babukoresha iki?-Ahanini ni ukurwanya (eliminer)uwo mutavuga rumwe, ukubaka akazu maze ukubaka n'amazu, ahasigaye mugakuramo ayanyu ntankomyi. Ahandi ababubonye bilinda amakosa kugirango batagawa, abo bahanganye bakabubatwara.
  3. Abafashe ubutegetsi bumva igihugu ali icyande?-Ahanini byagaragaye ko bumva ali icyabo burundu kuko ababarwanya bagomba gushiraho. Ahandi, igihugu ni icy'ababashyizeho kuko alibo banakibakuraho.
  4. Uko abategetsi basumba amategeko muli Afrika ninako batanayubahiliza kandi akenshi bohejwe n'ababifitemo inyungu: corruption igatangira.- Ahandi uko amategeko arusha ibuye kuremera ninako abategetsi bashishikalira kuyubahiliza.

.........................

Gukemura ibibazo by'amacakubili byamunze igihugu cyacu, hagomba un contrat social nshya. Iyi ikerekana uko abanyarwanda bakubaka igihugu cyabo, igateganya imitegekere y'igihugu(imyanya yo mubutegetsi bwite bwa Leta ikabarwa kandi criteres zo kuyuzuza zigateganywa kuburyo yagibwamo n'abazujuje babishoboye hadakulijwenkunzi), imibanire y'abanyarwanda ikagibwaho impaka, ubwubahane, regles du jeux democratique, valeurs nationales... kandi hagateganywa uko ishyirwa mubikorwa ryazakubahilizwa.

Iyo contrat social ishobora gutegurwa n'inyangamugayo z'abanyarwanda zitali nyinshi aliko zivanze kuburyo nta groupe yumva ko yahejwe cyagwa idahagaraliwe, zifashishije impuguke zo mubindi bihugu kandi abo banyarwanda bakazabihemberwa nyamara aliko ntihagire uruhare bazagira mu kuyishyilisha mubikorwa kugirango bitazamera nk'itegekonshinga ryakusanijwe n'umuntu ubogamye werekanye ko hali igice cy'abanyarwanda kimunukira kandi bakarenga bakanamugira UMUVUNYI wababandi yerekanye ko uko bagira kose ntakiza cyabavaho.

Iliya tegekonshinga si contrat social, ni pfukama unkomere amashyi.

Ntushobora gukuraho ubusumbane kandi ali wowe urenganya. Ntushobora gukuraho ubuhutu n'ubututsi kubera gusa ko icyo warwaniraga "domination tutsi" wakigezeho maze uvuge ngo abahutu n'abatutsi noneho bareshya kandi bamwe ali dominants n'abandi ali dominés.

Amategeko meza agiyeho akanubahilizwa, amoko yasigara ali ikivugo cy'umuntu kukugaragaro agira ati ndi Umututsi mwene...., umuhutu mwene..., umutwa mwene...  kandi ali fier yo kuba icyo yaba alicyo.

BYILINGIRO

   

----- Original Message -----

From: SHEMA

To: Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr

Cc: FOJUPET@yahoogroups.com ; rwandanet@yahoogroups.com

Sent: Friday, January 23, 2004 1:22 PM

Subject: [FOJUPET] Réf. : [DHR] Gahunda yo kwigarurira intara yacu ya Kivu twasigiwe na Rwabugili

Zéphanie

Ibyo gutubura amoko sinzi niba hari aho bitugeza, icyo nzi cyo ni uko byose biterwa no kurwanira ubutegetsi. Iyo ubutegetsi bufashwe n'umututsi cg umuhutu haba ikibazo cy'amoko hutu-tutsi, haba umunyanduga cg umukiga ufashe ubutegetsi hakaba ikibazo cy'uturere kiga-nduga; hari n'uwigeze kuvuga ko amoko hutu-tutsi bayavanaho, hagasigara amoko gakondo (ababanda, abasinga, abanyiginya n'ibindi) ariko uzi ko Rucunshu habaye intambara y'abega n'abanyiginya kandi bose bari bafite ubutegetsi. Icyo numva ni uko buri wese yajya agira ishyari ryiza, kwa kundi umukiga afata ubutegetsi, abanyeduga bakarakara aho bagerageje gusaranganya imyanya, ari ufite ubutegetsi ntaronde akarere, ariko n'abandi nabo bakarwanira ubutegetsi muri demokarasi batarinze bajya imigambi yo guhirika ubutegetsi ku ngufu, n'abahutu n'abatutsi nabo akaba ariko babigenza, ntihagire uwikanyiza. Hari ndetse umuntu wigeze kunsetsa ati kuki ibintu biba nko mu Rwanda bitaba nko mu bihugu tuzi ho demokarasi ni ukubera iki? Ati nka Chirac afite conseiller politique akaba umukobwa we, abantu bo muri Corrèze (aho Chirac avuka) ugasanga bahagaze neza. Si Chirac gusa na Mitterrand niko byari bimeze! Nta mufaransa nigeze numva avuga ko Chirac cg Mitterrand yakoze akazu. Nananiwe kumusubiza usibye ko sinzi uko natekereje nkamubwira ko ari ukubera ko Perezida wo muri Afrika avaho ari uko apfuye, abantu bagasanga ari igihe kirekire cyane kugirango ubukandamize buhinduke. Naho nko mu Bufaransa bategereza imyaka itanu gusa kandi bagatora. Uwo batoye baba bamushaka naho muri Afrika ni ugufata ubutegetsi ku ngufu. Uko namusubije gutyo numvise bitanyuze. Ariko icyo dupfa cyane cyane ni ukubura demokarasi isesuye. None se ufata ubutegetsi uri umuhutu, abatutsi bakavuga ngo ni "majorité ethnique", umututsi yafata ubutegetsi akavuga ko abatavuga rumwe nawe bashaka kuzana amacakubiri. Ayo macakubiri ko mbona abandi abagwa neza kuki umuntu yakwihanukira akavuga ngo guteza amacakubiri ni ugukora itsembabwoko. Uzi iyo haza kuba amacakubiri mu nterahamwe, bamwe bari kubuza abandi kwica!

Eugène Shimamungu

-------Message original-------

De : Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr

Date : 23/01/2004 18:14:15

A : Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr

Cc : AKagera AKAGE; FOJUPET YAHOO; rwandanet

Sujet : [DHR] Gahunda yo kwigarurira intara yacu ya Kivu twasigiwe na Rwabugili

"Icyokora iyo ruza kuguma uko rwari rumeze icyo gihe, nanjye nemeza ko ntacyo umuhutu n'umututsi bari gupfa. Yenda bamwe bari kuguma kuri tutsiland yabo, abandi bakaguma muri hutuland iruhande hatari mu Rwanda (habaye mu Rwanda ku bw'ingufu z'abakoloni)". SHEMA

AHA ALIKO JYE SIMPEMERA!

Simpemera kuko abatutsi bavugwa mu Rwanda n'abo mu Rwanda rwambere y'"abakoloni". Nibo abatutsi bazi naho abandi bo  bashobora no kubuhakana kuko baje basanga ubwo bwoko buliho kandi ubwo bali bifitiye ntawe ubuzi. Niyo mpamvu mvuga ko u Rwanda rukwiye kuvugwamo ubwoko 4 hakulikijwe uko rwagiye ruturwa alibwo: ABATWA-ABANYENDUGA-ABASHI-ABAKIGA . Mubanyenduga niho havamo baliya bahutu n'abatutsi. Abatwa, identite facilement remarquable baturuka hose mugihugu.

BYILINGIRO

----- Original Message -----

From: SHEMA

To: Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr ; Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr

Sent: Friday, January 23, 2004 10:16 AM

Subject: Réf. : Re: Réf. : Re: Réf. : Re: Réf. : [DHR] Gahunda yo kwigarurira intara yacu ya Kivu twasigiwe na Rwabugili

Mary Hope

Umenya utumvise ibyo nakubwiye: u Rwanda ku bwa Rwabugiri rwari kimwe cya kabiri cy'u rwanda dufite ubung'ubu. Icyokora iyo ruza kuguma uko rwari rumeze icyo gihe, nanjye nemeza ko ntacyo umuhutu n'umututsi bari gupfa. Yenda bamwe bari kuguma kuri tutsiland yabo, abandi bakaguma muri hutuland iruhande hatari mu Rwanda (habaye mu Rwanda ku bw'ingufu z'abakoloni). Ibyo mujya gushaka muri Congo, muzabipfa n'abakongomani kandi simpamya ko muzamara yo igihe kirekire batabakubise urusoro. Kuko ibyo mushaka yo nabo barabikeneye, nta kuntu mwabaryana ubukungu bwabo nabo bakanuye amaso. 

Eugene Shimamungu

-------Message original-------

De : Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr

Date : 23/01/2004 15:55:30

A : Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr

Sujet : Re: Réf. : Re: Réf. : Re: Réf. : [DHR] Gahunda yo kwigarurira intara yacu ya Kivu twasigiwe na Rwabugili

Shema,

Ibyo Ndahiro yakubwiye ntana kimwe wakuyemo? Naho iriya carte niyo nakoherereza indi kubera ukuntu nunva mwinangiye mumitwe nayo ntimwayemera. Naho iyo carte wita iya Kagame se niki gituma utayemera? Nkurikije uko nabisommye  abanyarda 94% bemezako iyo Urda ruguma uko rwali(mugihe cya Rwabugiri) ko ntangorane na gato umuhutu n'umututsi bali kugirana(1958). ubwo abandi byabananiye nimureke Kagame abyikorere. Harya byabatwara iki abacongomen bayobotse ubutegetsi central bw'ikgli?

Intambara si nziza aliko iyo harimpanvu! Kandi birashoboka ko imishyikirano yaba yaratangiye kuva kera.

Turyanye ikibi aliko twemere nibyiza

MHK

SHEMA <eugene.shema@wanadoo.fr> wrote:

Tom

Ngo u Rwanda ruzagera i Kinshassa? Uzabaze Kabarebe ukuntu yahakubitiwe, ni asubira yo uzangaye!!!

ES

-------Message original-------

De : Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr

Date : 23/01/2004 12:38:00

A : Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr

Sujet : Re: Réf. : Re: Réf. : [DHR] Gahunda yo kwigarurira intara yacu ya Kivu twasigiwe na Rwabugili

kuri shema muvandimwe uragira uti umunsi umwe congo izagira itya yambutse kagame imugeze i karagwe maze ka rwanda bakomeke kuri kivu? none se shema reka nkuibarize uzi gute niba U rwanda rutazagera kinshasa naho hakitwa kigali ya kabiri ?

Abatabizi bicwa no kutabimenya.
 
Nikozitambirwa.
 
"L'homme, à mon avis, se perfectionne par la confiance. Par la confiance seulement. Jamais le contraire" (Mustafaj)
 
Ildephonse Murayi Habimana dit Nikozitambirwa

 
 

20:41 Écrit par RWANDA_actualit | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) |  Facebook |

08/02/2005

Répertoire des fichiers RWANDANET sur TRIPOD


http://rwandanet.tripod.com/fichiers/index.html

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/abdulruzibiza.html

Ubuhamya bwa Abdul Ruzibiza

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/abdulruzibizabilingue.html

Témoignage d’Abdul Ruzibiza traduit du Kinyarwanda en français (mars 2004)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/abdulruzibizatestimony.html

Testimony of Abdul Ruzibiza.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/abdulruzibizatraduit.html

Témoignage d’Abdul RUZIBIZA

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/anastasegasana1993.html

ASSOCIATION  CLUB  DE  REFLEXION DES  INTELLECTUELS  RWANDAIS (lettre du 27 février 1993)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/articlerwandaseptembre2000.html

Rwanda : politique de terreur, privilège d'impunité (cet article est paru dans le numéro de la revue Esprit, août/septembre2000), Rony Brauman, Stephen Smith, Claudine Vidal

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/constitution10-06-1991

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/constitution10juin1991.html

Rwanda: Constitution du 10 juin 1991.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/constitution4juin2003.html

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/constitution4juin2003franc.htm

Rwanda: Constitution du 4 juin 2003.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/constitution4june2003.html

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF RWANDA.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/constitution4kamena2003.html

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/itegekonshinga4-06-2003

ITEGEKO NSHINGA RYA REPUBULIKA Y’U RWANDA

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/electionsorganiclaw.html

ORGANIC LAW N° 17/2003 OF 07/7/2003 GOVERNING PRESIDENTIAL AND PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/furuma.html

Alphonse Furuma : Open letter 23/01/2001.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/interviewclaudinevidal2004.html

Interview de Claudine Vidal paru dans la Chronique d’Amnesty International (avril 2004)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/lahaye12-04-1930

Convention concernant certaines questions relatives aux conflits de lois sur la nationalité. Signée à La Haye, le 12 avril 1930

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/lawpoliticalorganizations.html

ORGANIC LAW N° 16/2003 OF 27/06/2003 GOVERNING POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS AND POLITICIANS

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/lettrebizimakaraha.html

Lettre de Paul Kagame à Bizima Karaha (Karahamuheto) du 9 août 2004.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/loi_electorale.html

LOI ORGANIQUE N° 17/2003 DU 07/7/2003 RELATIVE AUX ELECTIONS PRESIDENTIELLES ET LEGISLATIVES

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/loipartispolitiques.html

LOI ORGANIQUE N° 16/2003 DU 27/06/2003 REGISSANT LES FORMATIONS POLITIQUES ET LES POLITICIENS

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/ngurumbe.html

Entretien avec Ngurumbe Aloys (sur l’origine du terme « Inyenzi »)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/nkikonsengimana2003.html

QUELQUES ELEMENTS D’ANALYSE POLITOLOGIQUE DE L’HECATOMBE RWANDAISE DE 1994 - Rapport établi par Nkiko NSENGIMANA, Docteur ès Sciences Politiques

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwanda.pdf

‘It’s time to open up’ (Ten years after the genocide in Rwanda: A Christian Aid report on government accountability, human rights and freedom of speech )

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwandaelections2003.html

Rwanda : L’espoir en trompe-l’oeil (par Claudine Vidal, Nouvelobs Hebdo , Semaine du jeudi 19 juin 2003 - n°2015 - Monde )

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/sostabara10apres.pdf

Rwanda 10 ans après … du déni des droits à l’engagement des jeunes citoyens »

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/sostabaratransfertarusha.html

SOS Tabara contre le « Transfert au Rwanda des détenus condamnés par le TPIR. »

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/strizek.pdf

Helmut Strizek: CENTRAL AFRICA: 15 YEARS AFTER THE END OF THE COLD WAR. THE INTERNATIONAL INVOLVEMENT

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/thehague12-04-1930

Convention on Certain Questions relating to the Conflict of Nationality Laws (The Hague, 12 April 1930)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/turquoise1994.html

L'opération turquoise : courage et dignité ( PAR ÉDOUARD BALLADUR) [23 août 2004]

http://rwandanet.tripod.com /ubuhamyabwaruyenzi.html

GENERAL MAJOR PAUL KAGAME NIWE URI INYUMA Y’IHANURWA RY’INDEGE YA NYAKWIGENDERA HABYARIMANA :  UBUHAMYA BW’UWABIHAGAZEHO

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/verwimp_genocide.pdf

Testing the Double-Genocide Thesis for Central and Southern Rwanda ( PHILIP VERWIMP )

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/vidalcommemorationgenocide.html

LES COMMÉMORATIONS DU GÉNOCIDE AU RWANDA (par Claudine Vidal)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/belgique_diprivecode2004.html

16 JUILLET 2004. - Loi portant le Code de droit international privé

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/STRIZEK.pdf

Description : INTERNATIONALES AFRIKAFORUM : Central Africa: 15 Years After the End of the Cold War (by Helmut Strizek)

http://rwanda.skynetblogs.be/

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/genocide_rwandais1994.html

Le génocide rwandais vu par Claudine Vidal (Nouvel Observateur Hebdo  N° 2056 - 1/4/2004 )

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/AbdulRUZIBIZA.html

Ubuhamya bwa Abdul Ruzibiza.

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/AbdulRuzibizaBILINGUE.html

Témoignage d'Abdul Ruzibiza (kinyarwanda) et sa traduction en français

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/AnastaseGASANA1993.html

Lettre de l'inénarrable Anastase Gasana février 1993

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/ArticleRwandaSeptembre2000.html

Rwanda: politique de terreur, privilège d'impunité , par Rony Brauman, Stephen Smith et Claudine Vidal

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/ClaudineVidalCommemorationGenocide.html

Claudine VIDAL: Les commémorations du génocide au Rwanda

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/CommissionParlementaireSurIdeologieGenocidaireJuin2004.html

Rapport de la Commission parlementaire sur l'idéologie génocidaire Juin 2004 (p.60 à 157)

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/DeclarationDEstellencs.html

DECLARATION D’ESTELLENCS 2 mai 2004

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/ElectionsOrganicLaw2July2003.html

LAW GOVERNING PRESIDENTIAL AND PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/FURUMA.html

Open letter Major Alphonse FURUMA  23/01/2001

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/Ikinyarwanda.html

Imyandikire yemewe y'ikinyarwanda

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/LOIPartisPolitiques.html

Loi régissant les formations politiques et les politiciens

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/LawPoliticalOrganizations.html

LAW GOVERNING POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS AND POLITICIANS

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/Loi_electorale.html

LOI ORGANIQUE N° 17/2003 DU 07/7/2003 RELATIVE AUX ELECTIONS PRESIDENTIELLES ET LEGISLATIVES

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/Ngurumbe.html

Entretien avec Ngurumbe Aloys (sur l’origine du terme « Inyenzi »)

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/NkikoNSENGIMANAexpertiseTPIRmai03.html

QUELQUES ELEMENTS D’ANALYSE POLITOLOGIQUE DE L’HECATOMBE RWANDAISE DE 1994

 
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/RwandaElections2003.html

Rwanda : L’espoir en trompe-l’oeil, par Claudine Vidal ( le Nouvelobs Hebdo Semaine du jeudi 19 juin 2003 - n°2015 - Monde)

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/UBUHAMYAbwaLTAloysRUYENZI.html

GENERAL MAJOR PAUL KAGAME NIWE URI INYUMA Y’IHANURWA RY’INDEGE YA NYAKWIGENDERAHABYARIMANA : UBUHAMYA BW’UWABIHAGAZEHO

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/Umwezi10.html

Journal L'Espoir UMWEZI n° 010 Juillet-août 2004.

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/Verwimp_genocide.pdf

Double génocide?

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/abdulruzibizatestimony.html

Testimony of Abdul RUZIBIZA.

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/abdulruzibizatraduit.html

Témoignage d'Abdul Ruzibiza traduit en français.

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/sosTABARAHelpRWANDA10ansapres.pdf

RWANDA - 10 ans après

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/sosTABARATransfertAuRwandaDesPrisonniersDuTPIR..html

SOS Tabara Help contre le « transfert au Rwanda des détenus condamnés par le TPIR. »

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/turquoise1994.html

L'opération turquoise : courage et dignité (par ÉDOUARD BALLADUR) [23 août 2004]

1.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/28mutarama1961_gitarama.pdf

UMUNSI WA DEMOKARASI

2.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/AfricanAffairsFilipReyntjens.pdf

FROM GENOCIDE TO DICTATORSHIP (by Filip Reyntjens)

3.
http://wwwgeocities.com/rwandanet/Aloys_Ruyenzi.html

LT Aloys RUYENZI arashinja Perezida Paul KAGAME

4.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/UbuhamyaBwaLtAloysRUYENZI.pdf

LT Aloys RUYENZI arashinja Perezida Paul KAGAME

5.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/AnastaseGASANA1993.doc

Lettre de l'inénarrable Anastase Gasana février 1993

6.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/AuditionPaulinMurayi.pdf

Témoignage de Paulin Murayi au Sénat de Belgique

7.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/ClaudineVidalCommemorationGenocide.doc

C. VIDAL: Les commémorations du génocide au Rwanda

8.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/DeclarationDEstellencs.doc

DECLARATION D’ESTELLENCS 2 mai 2004

9.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/DeclarationDEstellencs.pdf

 DECLARATION D’ESTELLENCS 2 mai 2004

10.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/DiscoursPaulKAGAME7mai2004.pdf

10. bis  http://akaminuramuhini.skynetblogs.be/

VERBATIM: Ijambo ry'akaminuramuhini rya Paul Kagame ryo kuwa 07-05-2004

11.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/ElectionsOrganicLaw2July2003.doc

LAW GOVERNING PRESIDENTIAL AND PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS

12.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/FURUMA.doc

Open letter Major Alphonse FURUMA  23/01/2001

12. bis
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/FURUMA.pdf

Open letter Major Alphonse FURUMA  23/01/2001

13.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/IMYANDIKIREyemeweYIK INYARWANDA.pdf

Imyandikire yemewe y'ikinyarwanda

14.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/Ikinyarwanda.doc

Imyandikire yemewe y'ikinyarwanda

15.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/INDYOHESHABIRAYI.doc

INDYOHESHABIRAYI (Padiri Alegisi KAGAME)

16.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/INTERAHAMWEGasanaAnastase.pdf

INTERAHAMWE ZA MUVOMA (Anastase GASANA, 14 mai 1992)

17.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/InterviewClaudineVIDAL2004.doc

Interview de Claudine Vidal paru dans la Chronique d’Amnesty International (avril 2004)

18.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/JugementPenalGabonai s.pdf

Tribunal correctionnel de Boué, 22 avril 1964

19.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/Kagame2004reconciliation.html

Discours de Paul Kagame 07-05-2004

20.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/KibehoArticleDeClaudineVidal.pdf

Article de Claudine Vidal paru dans Les Temps modernes, n° 627, "L'humanitaire", avril-mai-juin 2004, p. 92-107.

21.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/LIPRODHORjuin2004PARTIM2.pdf

Rapport de la Commission parlementaire sur l'idéologie génocidaire Juin 2004 (p.60 à 157)

22.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/LOIPartisPolitiques.doc

Loi régissant les formations politiques et les politiciens

23.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/LawPoliticalOrganizations.doc

LAW GOVERNING POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS AND POLITICIANS

24.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/ArticleRwandaSeptembre2000.doc

Rwanda: politique de terreur, privilège d'impunité , par Rony Brauman, Stephen Smith et Claudine Vidal

25.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/DiscoursPaulKAGAME7mai2004.pdf

Discours prononcé par le Président Paul Kagame le 07 mai 2004.

26.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/RwandaElections2003.doc

Rwanda : L’espoir en trompe-l’oeil, par Claudine Vidal ( le Nouvelobs Hebdo Semaine du jeudi 19 juin 2003 - n°2015 - Monde)

27.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/UBUHAMYAbwaLTAloysRUYENZI.doc

GENERAL MAJOR PAUL KAGAME NIWE URI INYUMA Y’IHANURWA RY’INDEGE YA NYAKWIGENDERAHABYARIMANA : UBUHAMYA BW’UWABIHAGAZEHO

28.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/UbuhamyaBwaLtAloysRUYENZI.pdf

GENERAL MAJOR PAUL KAGAME NIWE URI INYUMA Y’IHANURWA RY’INDEGE YA NYAKWIGENDERAHABYARIMANA : UBUHAMYA BW’UWABIHAGAZEHO

28. bis
http://rwandanet.skynetblogs.be/

29. http://us.share.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/UbuhamyaBwaAbdulRUZIBIZA.doc

Ubuhamya bwa Abdul Ruzibiza

30.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/UbuhamyaBwaAbdulRUZIBIZApdf.pdf

Ubuhamya bwa Abdul Ruzibiza

31.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/ABAPEREZIDA.html

Amafoto y'ABAMI BASHYA (n'abashaje) b'u Rwanda

32.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/Loi_electorale.doc

LOI ORGANIQUE N° 17/2003 DU 07/7/2003 RELATIVE AUX ELECTIONS PRESIDENTIELLES ET LEGISLATIVES

33. 
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/Ngurumbe.doc

33. bis http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/UbuhamyaBwaNgurumbe.pdf

Entretien avec Ngurumbe Aloys (sur l’origine du terme « Inyenzi »)

34.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/NkikoNSENGIMANAexpertiseTPIRmai03.DOC

QUELQUES ELEMENTS D’ANALYSE POLITOLOGIQUE DE L’HECATOMBE RWANDAISE DE 1994

35.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/RwandaConstitutionEnglish.doc

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF RWANDA.

36.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/TemoignageDeRuzibiza.doc

Témoignage d'Abdul Ruzibiza sur l'attentat du 6 avril 1994 et sur le génocide rwandais

37.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/UbuhamyaBwaLtAloysRUYENZI.pdf

Ubuhamya bwa LT Aloys RUYENZI

38.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/abdul_ruzibiza.html

Ubuhamya bwa Abdul Ruzibiza.
Autres fichiers RWANDANET sur TRIPOD

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/furuma.html

Alphonse FURUMA
Open Letter
23/01/2001
To H.E.Paul Kagame,
Also RPF CHAIRMAN,
and Chairman RPA Command
Kigali, Rwanda

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/ikinyarwanda.pdf

AMABWIRIZA YA MINISITIRI N/13.02/ 03.2/ 003 YO KU WA 2 N YAKANGA
1985 YEREKEYE INYAN DIKO YEMEWE Y’IKINYARWANDA.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/interviewclaudinevidal2004.html

Interview de Claudine Vidal,Directrice de recherches émérite au CNRS,
paru dans la Chronique d’Amnesty International (avril 2004)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/kagame_discours7mai2004.html

Ijambo Perezida Paul Kagame yavugiye i Kigali ku italiki 07-05-2004 igihe yafunguraga inama ya gatatu y'igihugu ku Bumwe n'Ubwiyunge yateranye kuva ku italiki 7 kugeza ku ya 9 gicurasi 2004.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/lahaye12-04-1930

Convention concernant certaines questions relatives aux conflits de lois sur la nationalité.
Signée à La Haye, le 12 avril 1930

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/lawpoliticalorganizations.html

ORGANIC LAW N° 16/2003 OF 27/06/2003 GOVERNING POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS AND POLITICIANS

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/lettrebizimakaraha.html


REPUBLIQUE RWANDAISE

 Kigali, 9 août 2004


BUREAU DU PRESIDENT

N/Réf : 3367/01/CB.02/04

A Son Excellence  BIZIMA KARAHAMUHETO
 
http://rwandanet.tripod.com/loi_electorale.html

LOI ORGANIQUE N° 17/2003 DU 07/7/2003 RELATIVE AUX ELECTIONS PRESIDENTIELLES ET LEGISLATIVES

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/loipartispolitiques.html

LOI ORGANIQUE N° 16/2003 DU 27/06/2003 REGISSANT LES FORMATIONS POLITIQUES ET LES POLITICIENS

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/misago.html

Le rapport de la Commission spéciale du Parlement rwandais me calomnie

EVECHE DE GIKONGORO               
B. P. 77 GIKONGORO
RWANDA / AFRIQUE
Tel (+250)535077  -   (+250)535079
Fax (+250)535078
E-mail :
evechegik@yahoo.fr

le 25 août 2004

+ Augustin MISAGO
Evêque de Gikongoro
RWANDA

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/ngurumbe.html

Entretien avec Ngurumbe Aloys (sur l’origine du terme « Inyenzi »)
(«Twaganiriye na Muzehe Ngurumbe Aloys» par Rangira et Kalinganire, Kanguka n°52, 5ème année, 12 février 1992, traduit du kinyarwanda par Eugène Shimamungu)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/nikozitambirwa.jpg

Nikozitambirwa for President !

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/nkikonsengimana2003.html

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/nkiko_expertisetpir.pdf


QUELQUES ELEMENTS D’ANALYSE POLITOLOGIQUE DE L’HECATOMBE RWANDAISE DE 1994

RAPPORT D’EXPERTISE REQUIS POUR LE TRIBUNAL PENAL INTERNATIONAL SUR LE RWANDA DANS L'AFFAIRE : LE PROCUREUR CONTRE JEAN DE DIEU KAMUHANDA

ICTR-99-54A

Rapport établi par Nkiko NSENGIMANA
Docteur ès Sciences Politiques
Lausanne, décembre 2002.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/presse124avril2004.html

La revue hebdomadaire de la presse rwandaise
N° 124  du 18 au 24 avril 2004

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/reyntjens.html

RWANDA, TEN YEARS ON:
FROM GENOCIDE TO DICTATORSHIP
 
FILIP REYNTJENS

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rusesabagina.jpg

Photo Rusesabagina

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/ruzibiza_fashaho2mai2004.html

Interview du journaliste Phocas Fashaho de la Voix de l’Amérique avec Abdul Ruzibiza ancien officier de l’Armée du FPR, Dimanche le 2 mai 2004.
(traduit du kinyarwanda par E. Shimamungu).

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwanda.pdf

‘It’s time to open up’
Ten years after the genocide in Rwanda:
A Christian Aid report on government accountability,
human rights and freedom of speech
March 2004 - Christian Aid

http://rwandanet.tripod.com /rwanda1995marclepape.pdf

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwanda1995marclepape.html

Temps Modernes, 583, juillet-août 1995
 
Marc Le Pape
*: Des journalistes au Rwanda
L’histoire immédiate d’un génocide

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwanda1997marclepape.pdf

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwanda1997marclepape.html

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwanda1997marclepape.doc

AFRIQUE CONTEMPORAINE, 183, juillet-septembre 1997
La presse française et le sort des réfugiés rwandais au Congo-Zaïre
octobre 1996 - août 1997
Marc Le Pape*

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwandaelections2003.html

Nouvelobs Hebdo : Rwanda : L'espoir en trompe-l'œil
 
*****************************************************************
Ce message vous est transmis par le mailing du
nouvelobs.com <http://www.nouvelobs.com >
*****************************************************************
 
Semaine du jeudi 19 juin 2003 - n°2015 - Monde

Neuf ans après le génocide

Rwanda : L’espoir en trompe-l’oeil

L’adoption d’une nouvelle Constitution ouvrant la voie à des élections démocratiques devrait permettre à la société rwandaise de surmonter enfin ses traumatismes. Et pourtant...
 
par Claudine Vidal

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/sekibaraforpresident.jpg

Imams on Bush reelection 2004

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/sostabara10apres.pdf

OBSERVATIONS SUR LE
« PROJET DE LA COMMUNAUTÉ FRANÇAISE
WALLONIE-BRUXELLES :
Rwanda 10 ans après … du déni des droits
à l’engagement des jeunes citoyens »
SOS TABARA – HELP, asbl.
Rue de Belgrade, 134
1060 Bruxelles
sostabara@hotmail.com
Bruxelles, le 15 Mars 2004

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/strizek.pdf

Transfert AU Rwanda deS DETENUS condamnés par le TPIR.
SOS TABARA – HELP, asbl                         Bruxelles, le 10 juillet 2004 
Rue Belgrade, 134 
1060 BRUXELLES 
Email :
sostabara@hotmail.com

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/temoignageruzibiza.html


TEMOIGNAGE DESTINE A MONTRER A QUEL POINT L’ETAT RWANDAIS ET LE FRONT PATRIOTIQUE RWANDAIS (FPR) ONT UNE ENORME RESPONSABILITE DANS LE GENOCIDE RWANDAIS. (

ABDUL RUZIBIZA, RUZIBIZA J-ABDUL Birkenesveien, 62, 4647 Brennâsen, NORGE, Sé 14-03-2004)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/thehague12-04-1930

Convention on Certain Questions relating to the Conflict of Nationality Laws (The Hague, 12 April 1930)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/turquoise1994.html

AFRIQUE La polémique sur le génocide hutu-tutsi d'il y a dix ans

L'opération turquoise : courage et dignité
PAR ÉDOUARD BALLADUR *
[23 août 2004]

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/ubuhamyabwaruyenzi.html

GENERAL MAJOR PAUL KAGAME NIWE URI INYUMA Y’IHANURWA RY’INDEGE YA NYAKWIGENDERA HABYARIMANA : UBUHAMYA BW’UWABIHAGAZEHO

Norway, 05/07/2004
2nd  Lt Aloys RUYENZI
(Signed)
Contact :
aruyenzi2000@yahoo.com

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/verwimp_genocide.pdf

Testing the Double-Genocide Thesis
for Central and Southern Rwanda
PHILIP VERWIMP
Economics Department
Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/vidalcommemorationgenocide.html

LES COMMÉMORATIONS DU GÉNOCIDE AU RWANDA, par Claudine Vidal

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/villesrwanda.pdf

14:34 Écrit par RWANDA_actualit | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) |  Facebook |

Répertoire des fichiers RWANDANET sur TRIPOD


http://rwandanet.tripod.com/fichiers/index.html

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/abdulruzibiza.html

Ubuhamya bwa Abdul Ruzibiza

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/abdulruzibizabilingue.html

Témoignage d’Abdul Ruzibiza traduit du Kinyarwanda en français (mars 2004)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/abdulruzibizatestimony.html

Testimony of Abdul Ruzibiza.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/abdulruzibizatraduit.html

Témoignage d’Abdul RUZIBIZA

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/anastasegasana1993.html

ASSOCIATION  CLUB  DE  REFLEXION DES  INTELLECTUELS  RWANDAIS (lettre du 27 février 1993)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/articlerwandaseptembre2000.html

Rwanda : politique de terreur, privilège d'impunité (cet article est paru dans le numéro de la revue Esprit, août/septembre2000), Rony Brauman, Stephen Smith, Claudine Vidal

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/constitution10-06-1991

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/constitution10juin1991.html

Rwanda: Constitution du 10 juin 1991.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/constitution4juin2003.html

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/constitution4juin2003franc.htm

Rwanda: Constitution du 4 juin 2003.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/constitution4june2003.html

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF RWANDA.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/constitution4kamena2003.html

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/itegekonshinga4-06-2003

ITEGEKO NSHINGA RYA REPUBULIKA Y’U RWANDA

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/electionsorganiclaw.html

ORGANIC LAW N° 17/2003 OF 07/7/2003 GOVERNING PRESIDENTIAL AND PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/furuma.html

Alphonse Furuma : Open letter 23/01/2001.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/interviewclaudinevidal2004.html

Interview de Claudine Vidal paru dans la Chronique d’Amnesty International (avril 2004)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/lahaye12-04-1930

Convention concernant certaines questions relatives aux conflits de lois sur la nationalité. Signée à La Haye, le 12 avril 1930

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/lawpoliticalorganizations.html

ORGANIC LAW N° 16/2003 OF 27/06/2003 GOVERNING POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS AND POLITICIANS

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/lettrebizimakaraha.html

Lettre de Paul Kagame à Bizima Karaha (Karahamuheto) du 9 août 2004.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/loi_electorale.html

LOI ORGANIQUE N° 17/2003 DU 07/7/2003 RELATIVE AUX ELECTIONS PRESIDENTIELLES ET LEGISLATIVES

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/loipartispolitiques.html

LOI ORGANIQUE N° 16/2003 DU 27/06/2003 REGISSANT LES FORMATIONS POLITIQUES ET LES POLITICIENS

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/ngurumbe.html

Entretien avec Ngurumbe Aloys (sur l’origine du terme « Inyenzi »)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/nkikonsengimana2003.html

QUELQUES ELEMENTS D’ANALYSE POLITOLOGIQUE DE L’HECATOMBE RWANDAISE DE 1994 - Rapport établi par Nkiko NSENGIMANA, Docteur ès Sciences Politiques

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwanda.pdf

‘It’s time to open up’ (Ten years after the genocide in Rwanda: A Christian Aid report on government accountability, human rights and freedom of speech )

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwandaelections2003.html

Rwanda : L’espoir en trompe-l’oeil (par Claudine Vidal, Nouvelobs Hebdo , Semaine du jeudi 19 juin 2003 - n°2015 - Monde )

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/sostabara10apres.pdf

Rwanda 10 ans après … du déni des droits à l’engagement des jeunes citoyens »

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/sostabaratransfertarusha.html

SOS Tabara contre le « Transfert au Rwanda des détenus condamnés par le TPIR. »

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/strizek.pdf

Helmut Strizek: CENTRAL AFRICA: 15 YEARS AFTER THE END OF THE COLD WAR. THE INTERNATIONAL INVOLVEMENT

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/thehague12-04-1930

Convention on Certain Questions relating to the Conflict of Nationality Laws (The Hague, 12 April 1930)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/turquoise1994.html

L'opération turquoise : courage et dignité ( PAR ÉDOUARD BALLADUR) [23 août 2004]

http://rwandanet.tripod.com /ubuhamyabwaruyenzi.html

GENERAL MAJOR PAUL KAGAME NIWE URI INYUMA Y’IHANURWA RY’INDEGE YA NYAKWIGENDERA HABYARIMANA :  UBUHAMYA BW’UWABIHAGAZEHO

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/verwimp_genocide.pdf

Testing the Double-Genocide Thesis for Central and Southern Rwanda ( PHILIP VERWIMP )

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/vidalcommemorationgenocide.html

LES COMMÉMORATIONS DU GÉNOCIDE AU RWANDA (par Claudine Vidal)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/belgique_diprivecode2004.html

16 JUILLET 2004. - Loi portant le Code de droit international privé

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/STRIZEK.pdf

Description : INTERNATIONALES AFRIKAFORUM : Central Africa: 15 Years After the End of the Cold War (by Helmut Strizek)

http://rwanda.skynetblogs.be/

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/genocide_rwandais1994.html

Le génocide rwandais vu par Claudine Vidal (Nouvel Observateur Hebdo  N° 2056 - 1/4/2004 )

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/AbdulRUZIBIZA.html

Ubuhamya bwa Abdul Ruzibiza.

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/AbdulRuzibizaBILINGUE.html

Témoignage d'Abdul Ruzibiza (kinyarwanda) et sa traduction en français

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/AnastaseGASANA1993.html

Lettre de l'inénarrable Anastase Gasana février 1993

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/ArticleRwandaSeptembre2000.html

Rwanda: politique de terreur, privilège d'impunité , par Rony Brauman, Stephen Smith et Claudine Vidal

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/ClaudineVidalCommemorationGenocide.html

Claudine VIDAL: Les commémorations du génocide au Rwanda

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/CommissionParlementaireSurIdeologieGenocidaireJuin2004.html

Rapport de la Commission parlementaire sur l'idéologie génocidaire Juin 2004 (p.60 à 157)

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/DeclarationDEstellencs.html

DECLARATION D’ESTELLENCS 2 mai 2004

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/ElectionsOrganicLaw2July2003.html

LAW GOVERNING PRESIDENTIAL AND PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/FURUMA.html

Open letter Major Alphonse FURUMA  23/01/2001

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/Ikinyarwanda.html

Imyandikire yemewe y'ikinyarwanda

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/LOIPartisPolitiques.html

Loi régissant les formations politiques et les politiciens

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/LawPoliticalOrganizations.html

LAW GOVERNING POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS AND POLITICIANS

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/Loi_electorale.html

LOI ORGANIQUE N° 17/2003 DU 07/7/2003 RELATIVE AUX ELECTIONS PRESIDENTIELLES ET LEGISLATIVES

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/Ngurumbe.html

Entretien avec Ngurumbe Aloys (sur l’origine du terme « Inyenzi »)

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/NkikoNSENGIMANAexpertiseTPIRmai03.html

QUELQUES ELEMENTS D’ANALYSE POLITOLOGIQUE DE L’HECATOMBE RWANDAISE DE 1994

 
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/RwandaElections2003.html

Rwanda : L’espoir en trompe-l’oeil, par Claudine Vidal ( le Nouvelobs Hebdo Semaine du jeudi 19 juin 2003 - n°2015 - Monde)

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/UBUHAMYAbwaLTAloysRUYENZI.html

GENERAL MAJOR PAUL KAGAME NIWE URI INYUMA Y’IHANURWA RY’INDEGE YA NYAKWIGENDERAHABYARIMANA : UBUHAMYA BW’UWABIHAGAZEHO

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/Umwezi10.html

Journal L'Espoir UMWEZI n° 010 Juillet-août 2004.

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/Verwimp_genocide.pdf

Double génocide?

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/abdulruzibizatestimony.html

Testimony of Abdul RUZIBIZA.

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/abdulruzibizatraduit.html

Témoignage d'Abdul Ruzibiza traduit en français.

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/sosTABARAHelpRWANDA10ansapres.pdf

RWANDA - 10 ans après

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/sosTABARATransfertAuRwandaDesPrisonniersDuTPIR..html

SOS Tabara Help contre le « transfert au Rwanda des détenus condamnés par le TPIR. »

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/turquoise1994.html

L'opération turquoise : courage et dignité (par ÉDOUARD BALLADUR) [23 août 2004]

1.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/28mutarama1961_gitarama.pdf

UMUNSI WA DEMOKARASI

2.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/AfricanAffairsFilipReyntjens.pdf

FROM GENOCIDE TO DICTATORSHIP (by Filip Reyntjens)

3.
http://wwwgeocities.com/rwandanet/Aloys_Ruyenzi.html

LT Aloys RUYENZI arashinja Perezida Paul KAGAME

4.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/UbuhamyaBwaLtAloysRUYENZI.pdf

LT Aloys RUYENZI arashinja Perezida Paul KAGAME

5.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/AnastaseGASANA1993.doc

Lettre de l'inénarrable Anastase Gasana février 1993

6.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/AuditionPaulinMurayi.pdf

Témoignage de Paulin Murayi au Sénat de Belgique

7.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/ClaudineVidalCommemorationGenocide.doc

C. VIDAL: Les commémorations du génocide au Rwanda

8.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/DeclarationDEstellencs.doc

DECLARATION D’ESTELLENCS 2 mai 2004

9.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/DeclarationDEstellencs.pdf

 DECLARATION D’ESTELLENCS 2 mai 2004

10.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/DiscoursPaulKAGAME7mai2004.pdf

10. bis  http://akaminuramuhini.skynetblogs.be/

VERBATIM: Ijambo ry'akaminuramuhini rya Paul Kagame ryo kuwa 07-05-2004

11.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/ElectionsOrganicLaw2July2003.doc

LAW GOVERNING PRESIDENTIAL AND PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS

12.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/FURUMA.doc

Open letter Major Alphonse FURUMA  23/01/2001

12. bis
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/FURUMA.pdf

Open letter Major Alphonse FURUMA  23/01/2001

13.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/IMYANDIKIREyemeweYIK INYARWANDA.pdf

Imyandikire yemewe y'ikinyarwanda

14.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/Ikinyarwanda.doc

Imyandikire yemewe y'ikinyarwanda

15.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/INDYOHESHABIRAYI.doc

INDYOHESHABIRAYI (Padiri Alegisi KAGAME)

16.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/INTERAHAMWEGasanaAnastase.pdf

INTERAHAMWE ZA MUVOMA (Anastase GASANA, 14 mai 1992)

17.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/InterviewClaudineVIDAL2004.doc

Interview de Claudine Vidal paru dans la Chronique d’Amnesty International (avril 2004)

18.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/JugementPenalGabonai s.pdf

Tribunal correctionnel de Boué, 22 avril 1964

19.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/Kagame2004reconciliation.html

Discours de Paul Kagame 07-05-2004

20.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/KibehoArticleDeClaudineVidal.pdf

Article de Claudine Vidal paru dans Les Temps modernes, n° 627, "L'humanitaire", avril-mai-juin 2004, p. 92-107.

21.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/LIPRODHORjuin2004PARTIM2.pdf

Rapport de la Commission parlementaire sur l'idéologie génocidaire Juin 2004 (p.60 à 157)

22.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/LOIPartisPolitiques.doc

Loi régissant les formations politiques et les politiciens

23.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/LawPoliticalOrganizations.doc

LAW GOVERNING POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS AND POLITICIANS

24.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/ArticleRwandaSeptembre2000.doc

Rwanda: politique de terreur, privilège d'impunité , par Rony Brauman, Stephen Smith et Claudine Vidal

25.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/DiscoursPaulKAGAME7mai2004.pdf

Discours prononcé par le Président Paul Kagame le 07 mai 2004.

26.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/RwandaElections2003.doc

Rwanda : L’espoir en trompe-l’oeil, par Claudine Vidal ( le Nouvelobs Hebdo Semaine du jeudi 19 juin 2003 - n°2015 - Monde)

27.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/UBUHAMYAbwaLTAloysRUYENZI.doc

GENERAL MAJOR PAUL KAGAME NIWE URI INYUMA Y’IHANURWA RY’INDEGE YA NYAKWIGENDERAHABYARIMANA : UBUHAMYA BW’UWABIHAGAZEHO

28.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/UbuhamyaBwaLtAloysRUYENZI.pdf

GENERAL MAJOR PAUL KAGAME NIWE URI INYUMA Y’IHANURWA RY’INDEGE YA NYAKWIGENDERAHABYARIMANA : UBUHAMYA BW’UWABIHAGAZEHO

28. bis
http://rwandanet.skynetblogs.be/

29. http://us.share.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/UbuhamyaBwaAbdulRUZIBIZA.doc

Ubuhamya bwa Abdul Ruzibiza

30.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/UbuhamyaBwaAbdulRUZIBIZApdf.pdf

Ubuhamya bwa Abdul Ruzibiza

31.
http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/ABAPEREZIDA.html

Amafoto y'ABAMI BASHYA (n'abashaje) b'u Rwanda

32.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/Loi_electorale.doc

LOI ORGANIQUE N° 17/2003 DU 07/7/2003 RELATIVE AUX ELECTIONS PRESIDENTIELLES ET LEGISLATIVES

33. 
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/Ngurumbe.doc

33. bis http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/UbuhamyaBwaNgurumbe.pdf

Entretien avec Ngurumbe Aloys (sur l’origine du terme « Inyenzi »)

34.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/NkikoNSENGIMANAexpertiseTPIRmai03.DOC

QUELQUES ELEMENTS D’ANALYSE POLITOLOGIQUE DE L’HECATOMBE RWANDAISE DE 1994

35.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/RwandaConstitutionEnglish.doc

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF RWANDA.

36.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/TemoignageDeRuzibiza.doc

Témoignage d'Abdul Ruzibiza sur l'attentat du 6 avril 1994 et sur le génocide rwandais

37.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/UbuhamyaBwaLtAloysRUYENZI.pdf

Ubuhamya bwa LT Aloys RUYENZI

38.
http://www.geocities.com/rwandanet/abdul_ruzibiza.html

Ubuhamya bwa Abdul Ruzibiza.
Autres fichiers RWANDANET sur TRIPOD

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/furuma.html

Alphonse FURUMA
Open Letter
23/01/2001
To H.E.Paul Kagame,
Also RPF CHAIRMAN,
and Chairman RPA Command
Kigali, Rwanda

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/ikinyarwanda.pdf

AMABWIRIZA YA MINISITIRI N
/13.02/ 03.2/ 003 YO KU WA 2 N YAKANGA
1985 YEREKEYE INYAN DIKO YEMEWE Y’IKINYARWANDA.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/interviewclaudinevidal2004.html

Interview de Claudine Vidal,Directrice de recherches émérite au CNRS,
paru dans la Chronique d’Amnesty International (avril 2004)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/kagame_discours7mai2004.html

Ijambo Perezida Paul Kagame yavugiye i Kigali ku italiki 07-05-2004 igihe yafunguraga inama ya gatatu y'igihugu ku Bumwe n'Ubwiyunge yateranye kuva ku italiki 7 kugeza ku ya 9 gicurasi 2004.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/lahaye12-04-1930

Convention concernant certaines questions relatives aux conflits de lois sur la nationalité.
Signée à La Haye, le 12 avril 1930

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/lawpoliticalorganizations.html

ORGANIC LAW N° 16/2003 OF 27/06/2003 GOVERNING POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS AND POLITICIANS

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/lettrebizimakaraha.html


REPUBLIQUE RWANDAISE

 Kigali, 9 août 2004


BUREAU DU PRESIDENT

N/Réf : 3367/01/CB.02/04

A Son Excellence  BIZIMA KARAHAMUHETO
 
http://rwandanet.tripod.com/loi_electorale.html

LOI ORGANIQUE N° 17/2003 DU 07/7/2003 RELATIVE AUX ELECTIONS PRESIDENTIELLES ET LEGISLATIVES

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/loipartispolitiques.html

LOI ORGANIQUE N° 16/2003 DU 27/06/2003 REGISSANT LES FORMATIONS POLITIQUES ET LES POLITICIENS

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/misago.html

Le rapport de la Commission spéciale du Parlement rwandais me calomnie

EVECHE DE GIKONGORO               
B. P. 77 GIKONGORO
RWANDA / AFRIQUE
Tel (+250)535077  -   (+250)535079
Fax (+250)535078
E-mail : evechegik@yahoo.fr

le 25 août 2004

+ Augustin MISAGO
Evêque de Gikongoro
RWANDA

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/ngurumbe.html

Entretien avec Ngurumbe Aloys (sur l’origine du terme « Inyenzi »)

(«Twaganiriye na Muzehe Ngurumbe Aloys» par Rangira et Kalinganire, Kanguka n°52, 5ème année, 12 février 1992, traduit du kinyarwanda par Eugène Shimamungu)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/nikozitambirwa.jpg

Nikozitambirwa for President !

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/nkikonsengimana2003.html

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/nkiko_expertisetpir.pdf


QUELQUES ELEMENTS D’ANALYSE POLITOLOGIQUE DE L’HECATOMBE RWANDAISE DE 1994

RAPPORT D’EXPERTISE REQUIS POUR LE TRIBUNAL PENAL INTERNATIONAL SUR LE RWANDA DANS L'AFFAIRE : LE PROCUREUR CONTRE JEAN DE DIEU KAMUHANDA

ICTR-99-54A

Rapport établi par Nkiko NSENGIMANA
Docteur ès Sciences Politiques
Lausanne, décembre 2002.

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/presse124avril2004.html

La revue hebdomadaire de la presse rwandaise
N° 124  du 18 au 24 avril 2004

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/reyntjens.html

RWANDA, TEN YEARS ON:
FROM GENOCIDE TO DICTATORSHIP
 
FILIP REYNTJENS

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rusesabagina.jpg

Photo Rusesabagina

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/ruzibiza_fashaho2mai2004.html

Interview du journaliste Phocas Fashaho de la Voix de l’Amérique avec Abdul Ruzibiza ancien officier de l’Armée du FPR, Dimanche le 2 mai 2004.
(traduit du kinyarwanda par E. Shimamungu).

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwanda.pdf

‘It’s time to open up’
Ten years after the genocide in Rwanda:
A Christian Aid report on government accountability,
human rights and freedom of speech
March 2004 - Christian Aid

http://rwandanet.tripod.com /rwanda1995marclepape.pdf

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwanda1995marclepape.html

Temps Modernes, 583, juillet-août 1995
 
Marc Le Pape
*: Des journalistes au Rwanda
L’histoire immédiate d’un génocide

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwanda1997marclepape.pdf

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwanda1997marclepape.html

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwanda1997marclepape.doc

AFRIQUE CONTEMPORAINE, 183, juillet-septembre 1997
La presse française et le sort des réfugiés rwandais au Congo-Zaïre
octobre 1996 - août 1997
Marc Le Pape*

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/rwandaelections2003.html

Nouvelobs Hebdo : Rwanda : L'espoir en trompe-l'œil
 
*****************************************************************
Ce message vous est transmis par le mailing du nouvelobs.com <http://www.nouvelobs.com >
*****************************************************************
 
Semaine du jeudi 19 juin 2003 - n°2015 - Monde

Neuf ans après le génocide

Rwanda : L’espoir en trompe-l’oeil

L’adoption d’une nouvelle Constitution ouvrant la voie à des élections démocratiques devrait permettre à la société rwandaise de surmonter enfin ses traumatismes. Et pourtant...
 
par Claudine Vidal

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/sekibaraforpresident.jpg

Imams on Bush reelection 2004

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/sostabara10apres.pdf

OBSERVATIONS SUR LE
« PROJET DE LA COMMUNAUTÉ FRANÇAISE
WALLONIE-BRUXELLES :
Rwanda 10 ans après … du déni des droits
à l’engagement des jeunes citoyens »
SOS TABARA – HELP, asbl.
Rue de Belgrade, 134
1060 Bruxelles
sostabara@hotmail.com
Bruxelles, le 15 Mars 2004

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/strizek.pdf

Transfert AU Rwanda deS DETENUS condamnés par le TPIR.
SOS TABARA – HELP, asbl                         Bruxelles, le 10 juillet 2004 
Rue Belgrade, 134 
1060 BRUXELLES 
Email : sostabara@hotmail.com

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/temoignageruzibiza.html


TEMOIGNAGE DESTINE A MONTRER A QUEL POINT L’ETAT RWANDAIS ET LE FRONT PATRIOTIQUE RWANDAIS (FPR) ONT UNE ENORME RESPONSABILITE DANS LE GENOCIDE RWANDAIS. (

ABDUL RUZIBIZA, RUZIBIZA J-ABDUL Birkenesveien, 62, 4647 Brennâsen, NORGE, Sé 14-03-2004)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/thehague12-04-1930

Convention on Certain Questions relating to the Conflict of Nationality Laws (The Hague, 12 April 1930)

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/turquoise1994.html

AFRIQUE La polémique sur le génocide hutu-tutsi d'il y a dix ans

L'opération turquoise : courage et dignité
PAR ÉDOUARD BALLADUR *
[23 août 2004]

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/ubuhamyabwaruyenzi.html

GENERAL MAJOR PAUL KAGAME NIWE URI INYUMA Y’IHANURWA RY’INDEGE YA NYAKWIGENDERA HABYARIMANA : UBUHAMYA BW’UWABIHAGAZEHO

Norway, 05/07/2004
2nd  Lt Aloys RUYENZI
(Signed)
Contact : aruyenzi2000@yahoo.com

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/verwimp_genocide.pdf

Testing the Double-Genocide Thesis
for Central and Southern Rwanda
PHILIP VERWIMP
Economics Department
Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/vidalcommemorationgenocide.html

LES COMMÉMORATIONS DU GÉNOCIDE AU RWANDA, par Claudine Vidal

http://rwandanet.tripod.com/villesrwanda.pdf

14:20 Écrit par RWANDA_actualit | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) |  Facebook |

16/09/2004

Lettre de Paul Kagame à Bizima Karahamuheto

Urwandiko Paul Kagame yandikiye Bizima Karahamuheto

12:23 Écrit par RWANDA_actualit | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) |  Facebook |

02/09/2004

Journal L'Espoir Umwezi N° 010 Juillet-août 2004

Rwanda

L'Espoir

Umwezi

N° 010 Jullet-août 2004

Inama y’ubwanditsi

Propriétaire:Amicale loin des yeux

Rédacteur en Chef : Gloria Muhazi

Secrétaire de Rédaction :Gatashya Jean-de Dieu

Reporter au BENELUX: Gloria MUHAZI

Correspondants au Rwanda : Oreste Bikundiye ; Ignace Bike et Jude Lizita; Ndatwa Ortega

Correspondant en Allemagne : Léonce Uwishoboye

Rwanda l’Espoir : Umwezi, propriété de l’asbl loin des yeux, Mensuel indépendant ; Adresse : 150/2, Grand-rue ; 6000 Charleroi ( Belgique)

Tél : 0032486662153 ; 003271420428

E-mail: umwezi@hotmail.com ; gmuhazi@yahoo.fr , umwezi@versateladsl.be

Note de la Rédaction: Twakira inyandiko zose n'aho zaba zivuye hose. Dusaba uzitwoherereza gushyiriho izina rye na adresse ye na téléphone abonekaho. Ukeneye ko tutashyiraho izina rye mu kinyamakuru na we atanga umwirondoro we nyawo akabona kubidusaba. Ni yo mpamvu zimwe mu nyandiko twakiriye mutazisanga muri iyi numéro.

IBIRIMO :

Editorial: Leta nishyigikire amacakwinshi

Politiki: Opposition yo hanze mu marembera

Ruganahe: Ibyo twagezeho muri leta y’ubumwe

Ubukungu: -Umugambi wo gutindahaza abaturage urakomeje

-Muri RRA kuhabona akazi utaravuye i Bugande si nonaha

Umutekano:-Iby’iyicwa rya Cyiza noneho byaravumbuwe

- Paul kagame ntacyizera abamurindira umutekano

Hirya no Hino: Twohereje umunyamakuru muri kivu y’amajyaruguru

Amakuru magufi: * Umugore wa Mukama Abas yahunganye abana batari abe;

-Kajeguhakwa yarafunzwe

-Muri PSD ngo barashaka kwibonanira na Paul kagame ubwe

Editorial

Leta y’u Rwanda nishyigikire amacakwinshi aho kurwanya amacakubiri

 

Ejo bundi inteko iyobowe na Mukezamfura yasohoye raporo ku byo bise ingengabitekerezo ya génocide. Abavugwa muri iyo rapport benshi baregwa ibyiswe amacakubiri. Ubundi iryo jambo rikomoka mu ba parmehutu, ni na bo barihaye ubutegetsi buriho muri iki gihe ngo burikoreshe bwirohe. Ubundi ubutegetsi nyabwo bugomba guharanira ahubwo amacakwinshi ( diversité d’opiniosn), ku buryo amacakubiri ari intambwe ya mbere y’amacakwinshi. Na none amagambo nk’aya y’ibikurankota ni amaparmehutu kandi aba afite icyo avuga. Niba parmehutu yaramize amashyaka, FPR ikiyambaza abaparmehutu n’imiryango yabo ngo yiyubake, birumvikana ko itashoboraga kunyuranya na parmehutu mu mikorere. Nta watinda kuri iriya raporo y’abadepite yahawe amashyi na ba Mukama Abas wibwira ko ahenda abandi ubwenge yaramaze kuzana abana be n’umugore i Burayi. Kuri we ngo " abatutsi ni abanyabwenge bose bafite ubwenegihugu bwa kabiri none na we agomba kubushakira umuryango we". Ba Mukama Abas kandi ni benshi muri leta iriho, ari na yo mpamvu umuntu yibaza igituma bakomeza kurindagiza bamwe mu bantu b’umutima muzima bakiriho. Birakwiye ko FPR yiga gukunda igihugu kuko kwikunda byo yabigezeho. Ifite inyungu mu kureka abantu bagatekereza kuko kurwanya LIPRODHOR kuko yagaragaje ko ikibazo cy’amasambu kitagomba guhubukirwa atari wo muti.. Guhangana na Kiliziya kuko gusa umuburugumesitiri( meya ) wo mu Ngororero atabashije kumvikana na padiri mukuru Porotazi dusabe wo muri ako karere na byo ni uguhubuka bitari ngombwa. Ntibikwiye ko itangazamakuru rirushaho guhungabanywa ku nyungu z’abantu ku giti cyabo. Nyamara, mu minsi iri imbere ibisusa bishobora kwibyarira amazi nkana. Hariho abafana birirwa baririmba twaratsinze twaratsinze, bakirengagiza ko umutekano uba muri kapitali gusa, ko ahandi abarokotse bataryama ngo basinzire, ko inzara inuma, ko amazi n’amashanyarazi bisigaye mu mateka, ko abakozi birukanwa muri leta, ko abanyeshuri bize bakabura imirimo, ko abicanyi ari bo bahawe intebe mu gihugu. Nyamara leta ifite inyungu mu gushyigikira ko abantu bakorera politiki ahagaragara kuko nikomeza kubapfukirana bazakorera mu mpfupfu. Ni ngombwa ko umunyarwanda yisanzura kuko abika inzika icyo umwimye arakuzirikana akazunguza umutwe nk’umugabo w’umunyarwanda wimwe ku nzoga. Amacakwinshi rero ni yo yaca ubwoba, maze abatinya amacakubiri bakabona ko ubwenge bw’umwe buyobera.

Ubwanditsi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Politiki

Rwanda: OPPOSITION yo hanze mu marembera

Nyuma y’amatora yimitse Paul Kagame, benshi mu bamurwanyaga baguye nk’amabere, ku buryo no mu bihugu by’i Burayi ahari higanje abantu benshi mu bamurwanya usanga benshi ntaho bagihagaze. Ibyo ariko ntibivuga ko bahisemo kumukunda, ahubwo bigaragaramo guhindura stratégie kuri bamwe, no kwiheba ku bandi.

Bamwe bakekaga ko Twagiramungu abona amajwi kandi akanatorwa

N’ubwo nta wakwirengagiza ko Twagiramungu atari we muhutu idéal bene wabo bahitagamo cyane cyane abanya Gisenyi, Ruhengeri na Byumba, kuba badakunda Kagame byatumye bamwe babona ko ibibi birutana, bamwe mu bayoboke ba RDR, FDLR, ndetse na bamwe mu bahoze muri MRND batangira kwirya icyara bazi ko u Rwanda rugiye kuba u Burundi. Uko amatora yagenze rero nta wakwirirwa abisubiramo, uretse ko FPR yasanze itafata inzu yiyubakiye ngo iyituzemo undi, maze ntiyanayikodesha iyituramo maze biba bityo. Na none ariko, kumanuka kwa Twagiramungu bamwe mu bamwanga bari babyishimiye bazi ko amanukiye mu irimbi, kandi ko atazazuka kuko ari ntaho byari byaranditswe. Bibwiraga ko natanatorwa FPR izamwica cyangwa ikamufunga, bityo bakabona ikindi bongera ku birego bayirega ko iniga demokarasi. FPR rero yashyize mu bikorwa kontaro y’Imana ubwo Shitani yayisabaga Yobu, maze ikayibwira ko imumaraho abe n’ibye ariko ntimukoze urutoke. FPR ifunga abayoboke ba Twagiramungu, ndetse bavugamo n’umwe wapfuye yishwe, ariko twagiramungu ntiyamukozaho n’urutoki, kugeza ubwo yabuze uko agira, nta rwinyagamburiro asigaranye, maze ava inyuma y’inzu y’abandi asubira i Burayi. Aho agereye mu Bubiligi yararuciye ararumira, bamwe mu bavuga ko babizi bakemeza ko ngo ari u Bubiligi bwamutegetse guceceka, icyakora nyirubwite ibyo yarabiduhakaniye. Abari bamurambirijeho na bo bavuyemo ibice bibiri: bamwe barababaye cyane ko atatowe, abandi baramuvuma kuko yajyiye guha amatora umugisha. Byatumye bamwe bafata inzira barataha barayoboka, abandi bagerageza gusura ambassades zibegereye ngo batagaragara nk’abarwanya ubutegetsi buriho, maze noneho FPR itangira gutsinda abayirwanya ityo.

Amashyaka yarashwanyaguritse

Ku ruhande rw’amashyaka, ariya matora yayaciyemo icyuho. Abayoboke ba FDLR bahagaritse gutanga imisanzu, abacengezi barasonza cyane ku buryo Rwarakabije wari ubayoboye yagize ati aho kwicwa n’inzara nakwicwa n’inkoni ( umunyururu), arakenyera arataha. Iryo tahuka ryaciye igikuba muri FDLR ubwayo, maze abo mu muryango wa Rwarakabije bayirimo batangira gukemangwa kumushyigikira, kandi koko ubwo yatahukaga yari yabwiye bamwe muri bo ko agiye gutangiza imishyakirano. Abanyenduga bo muri FDLR na bo bafashe ko abakiga babagambaniye kuri Kagame, maze FDLR icikamo ibice bibiri, icy’abakiga kiyobowe na Higiro, n’icy’abanyenduga kiyobowe na Murwanshyaka.

Ikibazo cya Rwarakabije mu mpuzamashyaka IGIHANGO

Ubusanzwe FDLR yari ihuriye n’andi mashyaka, ARENA n’imbaga y’inyabutatu nyarwanda mu mpuzamashyaka Igihango. N’ubwo ARENA n’imbaga y’inyabutatu batigeze bashyigikira ko Twagiramungu ajya gutanga umugisha mu matora mu Rwanda, bamwe mu bayoboke ba FDLR banakomeye bafashe Twagiramungu nk’uwahagararira abahutu, maze batangira kwizera ko bashobora gutaha atsinze. Habayeho ndetse intumwa ebyiri zoherejwe muri Congo zo kuvugana n’ingabo, basa n’ababahumuriza ko ibintu bishobora guhinduka. Byaje kutabanezeza rero Twagiramungu atabonye ubutegetsi, maze Rwarakabije aba ararambiwe. Icyo gihe FDLR yari irekereje ni na bwo mu Gihango biteguraga amavugururwa, arikoFDLR yanga kuyayoboka kuko yari itegereje kuyoboka leta y’i Kigali yonyine. Aho Twagiramungu aburiye ubutegetsi rero, habayeho muri FDLR imishyikirano n’ingabo za Kabarebe babizeza ibitangaza, ku buryo FDLR yanashyizeho guverinoma irimo abandi bahuriye mu gihango itababwiye, izi ko ari yo izaba ibarangaje imbere batashye . Byatumye n’aho Rwarakabije atahiye ARENA n’imbaga y’inyabutatu babona ko ashobora kuba atashye ku bwumvikane na bagenzi be, binatuma ARENA itangira kwiyemeza kwitandukanya na FDLR. Ni bwo hasohotse inyandiko z’amavugurura ariko FDLR ibizamo iseta ibirenge, maze mu minsi mike habaho ubwitandukanye bugaragara nk’ubwasize abahutu ukwabo, ariko ugasanga icyari kigenderewe byari nko kwitandukanya na FDLR n’ubwo byabaye nk’ibikomerekeje Imbaga y’inyabutatu ya ri isanzwe igaragaragamo ubufatanye muri yo, ikangira akarusho ko gufasha mu gutuma Arena na FDLR bapfa kumvikana. Iryo tandukana ryashegeshe cyane FDLR, rivamo ibihango bibiri kimwe cy’ishyaka n’ikindi cy’ihuriro, naho FDLR yo icikamo ibice bishingiye ku turere twa Kiga na Nduga.

Andi mashyaka na yo ntiyarokotse amatora y’i Kigali

Amashyaka RDR, ADR ndetse n’amahoro na yo amatora y’i Kigali yarayashegeshe. Iyo urebye nka RDR muri iki gihe, usanga ifite abayoboke muri congrès, ariko ugasanga imigambi y’ishyaka idasobanutse. Bagaruka cyane ku iraswa ry’indege ya Habyarimana, bagasa nk’abanenga gusa ibibi leta y’i Kigali ikora, ariko ntiberekane gahunda bafite mu gihe baba bageze ku butegetsi kuko ubundi ni cyo buri wese ashingira ishyaka. Ubwo basozaga congrès ya gatanu y’ishyaka ryabo, twashoboye kuvugana na Madame Ingabire Vigitoriya. Mu kiganiro twagiranye yadutondaguriye ibibazo igihugu gifite, ari byo Ubutegetsi bw’igitugu, ubukene bukabije, kwambura abaturage utwabo harimo n’umutungo kamere nk’amasambu n’ibindi, ndetse n’ikibazo cy’umutekano ku batavuga rumwe n’ubutegetsi.. Mu kutubwira umwanzuro ishyaka rye ryafashe kuri icyo kibazo, Madame Ingabire yagize ati" twasanze tugomba gukomeza gusaba amahanga kurekeraho guha imfashanyo leta ikenesha abaturage, ahubwo bagashaka ubundi buryo zagera ku baturage ubwabo". Tuti ariko iyo disikuru irasa n’iy’abaharanira uburenganzira bw’ikiremwamuntu kandi ikiranga ishyaka ni ugufata ibyemezo si ukwiyambaza abandi. Nawe ati "disikuru yacu si nk’iy’umuryango w’ikiremwa muntu. Ubutegetsi dushaka gufata icyo bugamije ni ugukorera abaturage. N’ubuzima buzira umuze kuri bose. Ntituzategeka amabuye, ni abaturage baduhangayikishije". Wabaza umuyobozi wa RDR igihe bazagira gukorera politiki mu Rwanda, akakubwira ati " ntabwo politiki ari ibintu bihubuka mu kirere ngo bigwirire abantu...bisaba ko ibintu bigenda bikorwa buhoro buhoro." Ati "mu myaka ishize twibanze ku kwerekana ibibazo nyabyo biri mu gihugu...kuki habayeho itsembabwoko? Kubera iki ikibazo cy’itsembabwoko kitarangira mu Rwanda? Kuki badahana abarikoze? Kuki bamwe mu bicanyi FPR ibakoresha mu butegetsi bwayo? Kuki Parlement ya FPR iterana ikavuga ko abo idashaka bacengeza itsembabwoko?..." Tuti ariko se muzataha ryari? Madame Ingabire ati "Politiki turabizi neza, ntabwo politiki tugomba kuyikorera hano i Burayi. Duhari ubu kubera ikibazo cy’umutekano, tuzi neza twese ko tugomba kujya kuyikorera mu Rwanda.. igihe rero nikigera, tuzajya gushyira mu bikorwa imigambi yose dufite ya RDR yo kuzamura igihugu cyacu kandi ndakeka ko bitazatinda". Itariki bazatahiraho yo, madame Ingabire ntiyabashije kuyitubwira, uretse ko ubona bizatinda. Ikindi kigaragara ni ukwiheba kwinshi kugaragara muri iryo shyaka. N’ubwo benshi muri bo bafite akazi kabatunze, benshi bakaba baranize amahuri menshi, bagaragaramo ikizere gike cyane cyo kuzongera gusubira mu Rwanda. Ntibakwereka uko bazasubirayo, nta gahunda y’ejo hazaza bagaragaza, uretse kukwerka ko hariho ubutegetsi bubi gusa kandi ibyo ntibikeneye ko habaho ishyaka ngo bivugwe. Ikindi kigaragara muri RDR ni déséquilibre y’abakiri bato n’ibikwerere kuko abasaza bo ntibagaragaramo. Urubyiruko n’abakiri bato muri bo bemera génocide. Abandi wavugana na bo bakirinda no kuvuga iryo jambo. Ariko kuko ubuyobozi buri mu maboko y’abakiri bato ari bo abo ba Ingabire, ugasanga disikuru igaragara ari iyo y’Ubumwe, ubumwe, ubutabera, itsembabwoko n’abarikoze, kandi ugasanga bavuga ko ibyaha FPR yakoze uko byangana kose bitakwitwa itsembabwoko. Wanabakurikirana kandi ugasanga abo bakiri bato ibyo bavuga banabyemera. Aho kandi RDR ikahatandukanira na FDLR yo itemera itsembabwoko na gato. Icyo umuntu ahita abona ni uko nyuma y’imyaka mike bamwe mu bayoboke ba RDR bazafata akabando bakitahira i Rwanda, ubukana bahoranye bwarashize kuko bamaze kwiheba ko inzira za politiki ikorewe hanze zisa nk’izifunze.

Muri iyo congrès kandi twahabonye n’umuvugizi wa FDLR ( NDUGA), Anasitazi Munyandekwe, ndetse n’umukuru wa ADR Dr Mberabahizi, bari batumiwe nk’abashyitsi . ADR na yo ikaba igaragara muri ayo mashyaka agenda acika intege, aho utakibonamo bamwe mu bayoboke b’imena nka Furuma ndetse na Jean-Baptiste NKURIYINGOMA

Ishyaka na none mu menshi azwi tutavuze ni ishyaka amahoro ryo muri Amerika . Nyuma yo kuba rikomoka mu cyahoze ari ARENA ( itakibaho kuko yahujwe n’igice cy’imbaga y’inyabutatu bikaba PDN igihango), ishyaka amahoro ryo risa nk’irituje, rikaba ryiganjemo abayoboke ba FPR bavanguye na yo, bapfa ahanini ko gahunda yatangaje itigeze iyishyira mu bikorwa. Iryo shyaka rero ntiryakunze kugaragaramo ibibazo, n’ubwo na none nta wavuga ko ridasinziriye kimwe n’ayandi. Nyuma rero yo kubura uwari ushinzwe itangazamakuru ari we Placide Muhigana waje i Burayi agasa n’usezeye mu ishyaka, hongeye kuvamo Garasiyani Rudakubana wabasezeyeho anyarukiye mu kanama k’ubumwe n’ubwiyunge i Kigali. Imyitwarire ya leta y’i Kigali yuzuye amareshyamugeni atamutunga, ikaba mu by’ukuri ari yo yashegeshe ayo mashyaka, icyura Mbaraga wa RDR, itumira Karemano w’Imbaga y’inyabutatu, ndetse na Rudakubana wahoze mu mahoro.

Iyo abanyamashyaka biyemeje gukorera politiki mu Rwanda

Nyuma rero y’iri shegeshwa ry’amashyaka, bamwe mu bayarimo cyangwa amashyaka amwe n’amwe akaba ngo asa n’ayiyemeje kumanukira mu irimbi, akajya gukorera politiki mu Rwanda. Muri iyi minsi hakaba havugwamo ishyaka PDN igihango, n’ubwo umuvugizi waryo Deo Mushayidi twabimubajije ntaduhakanire ntanatwemerere. Kuri telephone yaratubwiye ngo " abanyarwanda bo muri FPR na Leta y’i Kigali bagomba kwitegura ko politiki idakorerwa muri RPF honyine. Ni ngombwa kandi ko imitima y’abantu yitegura ko inkingi imwe itagera inzu, kandi ko abantu bose batagomba kubona ibintu kimwe". Ku kibazo cy’icyo atekereza ku ngaruka zaba ku bakorera politiki mu Rwanda muri iki gihe, yavuze ko " nta wudakura, na FPR igomba gukura. Kandi ariko nta n’itinya itarungurutse. Ko amashyaka akorera politiki imbere mu gihugu ndabishyigikiye. Kuba ishyaka ryacu ryaba ribiteganya vuba aha na byo, ni kimwe mu bibazo biriho byigwa kandi bizabonerwa umuti mu minsi ya vuba". Tuti ntibyaba se bibaye nko kumanukira mu irimbi? Ati " ibyo ni ibindi kandi iyo nzira y’irimbi uvuga ni na yo nyine tugomba kunyuramo ngo dutsinde... si PDN Igihango mvuga na none, ndavuga ko natwe iyo gahunda tuyitekereza kandi ko igisubizo ntazatinda kukiguha". Ugereranije na disikuru ya RDR ariko, abo muri PDN bo wumva babifitemo imishinga ya vuba gusa itaranonosorwa.

Urwishe ya nka

Nyuma yo gukurikirana Ibibazo by’amashyaka ariko, twasanze mu by’ukuri ikibazo gikomeye ari uko abahutu bamwe batihanganira kumva ko hariho abatutsi muri opposition. Bamwe muri abo bahutu bafite umujinya bahemberwamo n’abari mu Rwanda bababwira ko mu Rwanda abahutu bari mu butegetsi ari ibikingamuyaga, bityo bigatuma abari hanze baharanira opposition na yo yagira abatutsi iteme, ariko gahunda nyayo ari iyo gufata ubutegetsi nk’abahutu nk’ibyo muri za 1960. Ikibaranga bose ni ukurwanya abahutu bose batari muri FPR batanijunditse abatutsi muri rusange, nka Pasteur Bizimungu. Ababikurikiranira hafi banasanga n’abataha muri ibi bihe guhabwa imyanya ari iyo nzira bahitamo, bakajya kuba intumwa z’abo basize hanze, bakajya bahererekanya amakuru, bakaba babaha n’icyizere cy’ejo hazaza. Ikindi kibahagarika umutima ni ukumva ko nko muri FPR cyangwa APR ( RDF) hashobora kuvamo abantu bavanaho Kagame b’abatutsi, ari byo bita révolution de palais, kuko byaba ngo bibakererejeho indi myaka nibura icumi. Mu minsi ishize bamwe bababajwe n’uko ikinyamakuru Umuseso bitirira abatutsi batabogamiye ku butegetsi cyaba ari cyo kinenga imikorere y’ubutegetsi kuko ngo basanga nta vugururwa iryo ari ryo ryose rigomba guturuka mu batutsi ubwabo. Birumvikana rero ko politiki y’u Rwanda yo muri 2004 idatandukanye cyane n’iyo muri 1959 ndetse na nyuma yaho.

Jean-Claude NKUBITO

 

Ruganahe: Ibyo Twagezeho

Imyaka icumi irashize: ibyagezweho na Leta y’ubumwe

kuva muri 1994 twageze kuri byinshi:

habayeho privatisation y'ibitaro by'umwami Fayçal yaje igamije guhenda abakire ( kuko abakene bitabareba),bukeye bamaze kurya amafaranga abakozi batanze ya cotisation ngo babone mutuelle, baravuga ngo ntibigishobotse abakozi basigara bimyiza imoso. . Habayeho kandi igeragezwa ryo kuzura iyo mutuelle de santé bikorwa na nyakwigendera Dr Mujyabwami Faustin waje guhitanwa n'impanuka itasobanutse. Iyo mutuelle yari yarwanyijwe cyane, ariko aho nyakwigendera "apfiriye" nyine perezida Kagame abishinga Dr Gakwaya Innocent (muramu we), ubu noneho bitangiye kugira umurongo n'abaturage barabishima kuko bihagarariwe n'ingwe. Burya wasanga ubwami ari cyo burusha ubundi butegetsi kuko bubamo kwizerana no kudahemukirana.Hariho n'ibindi byagezweho: Leta yahaye Rasta Gatera imfashanyo yubaka ikigo gikora ingingo z’umubiri zo gusimbura izangiritse ( orthèse et prothèse), none ejobundi Mutsindashyaka yarabisenye abamugaye na bo bimyiza imoso. ( Abafite amaboko abiri na none!)

Téléphonie rurale yavuyeho isimburwa na MTN Rwanda cell kugira ngo abaturage bo mu cyaro bataganyirana kuri téléphone kuko mobayilo, ihenda kubi.

Habayeho n'ikindi gikomeye. Twashwanye na Congo, turayitera, twari dusangiye amashanyarazi ya Ruzizi 2. Mu gihe twari tukiyitegeka dukoresha umuriro mwinshi ntitwatanga contributions kuko nta wari ukitugenzura, ( CEPGL yarasenyutse) none Congo yaratwishyuje turanga none baduhagarikiye igice kinini cy'umuriro. Kubera ko agahinda kacu gashira akandi ari ibagara, n'amazi yaragabanutse muri Mukungwa, none ndorera. Ubu hari icuraburindi mu mujyi wa Kigali.

Uzi n'ibindi se, nta mubano tukigirana n'ibihugu by'abarabu, kandi Emerats Arabes Unis na Koweit bari baradufashije mu kuduha inkunga yo gukora imihanda, nta n'ifaranga ritoboye baduhaye kuva muri 1994. Nkubwire impamvu se? Ni uko dufata ibibazo byose dufite tukabyitirira u Bufaransa nk'abanyecongo iyo bikoma u Rwanda. Na none kandi dukundana na Amerika ntitwakunda abarabu. Nyamara Amerika yo ikuzura na bo.

Twagize umubano n'amahanga, duha Besigye amafaranga ngo atsinde Museveni , turahomba, besigye ntiyatorwa. Twashoboye kurwana na Congo incuro eshatu zose, turwana na Uganda kabiri. Byakuruye urwango ku kitwa umututsi aho ava akagera, maze itsembabwoko ryakorewe i rwanda rikomereza muri Congo. No mu Bulayi ryaratangiye.

Twasenye icyaro twubaka repubulika ya kane i Nyarutarama, isanga iya gatatu yubatse Tingitingi na Mugunga, iya kabiri ku Kimihurura, n'iya mbere mu Kiyovu.Twakwije universités mu gihugu hose, tutazishakiye ibitabo n'abarimu. uzi ko twashyizeho na 3ème cycle tutaranabona abarimu bo muri 2ème cycle? Twasabye abarokotse itsembabwoko gusubiza sentimenti mu kabati, dufungura interahamwe 40000. Iyo record y'abagome bangana gutyo bafunguwe nta leta n'imwe yigeze iyigira yewe n’abanyamerika ntibarafungura abangana batyo muri Irak.Twazanye ubumwe n'ubwiyunge mu batsinze n'abicanyi, duhuza Kabarebe na Rwarakabije, Musoni na Rucagu, ... abarokotse abicanyi barongera barabadukira, ngibyo ibyo twakuye mu ntsinzi. Twakuyeho itangazamakuru ryigenga ngo ritazavaho riba nka Kangura. Twasenye société civile dushyiraho société responsable itazana amacakubiri, n'ubwo byaremye amacakwinshi bwose.

Twashyizeho RRA, rwanda revenue authority yo kwinjiza imisoro, n'ubwo nta n'umwe uzi aho avamo ajyanwa. Twashoboye guhombya amabanki miliyari umunani z'amanyarwanda hagati ay 1995 na 2002, mu gihe igihombo cyo hagati ya 1991 na 1994 cyari miliyari enye gusa kandi harabaye intambara n'itsembabwoko.

Imihanda y'umujyi twayihinduye ibisoro, amafaranga ya fonds routier tuyubakisha umuhanda wa Nyarutarama, Kanamugire Silas yihaye kubibaza bamwambura minisiteri y'imirimo ya Leta. Ubu imihanda isigaye nta entretien ifite kuko amafaranga abigenewe yakoreshejwe uwo muhanda. Nyamara inteko yari yaratoye iyo fonds yasobanuraga ko amafaranga yayo nta kindi agomba gukora uretse gusana imihanda.

Twatanze amasoko yo kugura generators zo kuducanira mu ngo, maze ariko igiciro cya peteroli kikaba kinini mu Rwanda, kikaruta icy'i Burundi kandi ijyayo inyura iwacu.Twashyizeho guverinoma zirimo abaminisitiri benshi muri minisiteri imwe, bose bahanganye. Twamennye amata y'inka izindi turazitwika. Twashimuse inka z'abagogwe na Habyarimana atarigeze abikora.Twahinduye umwaka w'amashuri ukarangira mu kwa mbere nko muri Afurika y'epfo.Twasibye imirwanyasuri, twimura abaturage tubajyana mu midugudu itigeze yubakwa, none bamwe baracyari mu mashitingi.Twaguze intwaro nyisnhi cyane, tugira abasirikare barenze 200.000, twirukana amahoro tuzana umutekano, none abategetsi bose basigaye basaba "amasikoti". baratinya iki? Umbaze nkubaze. Twagaruye ubuhunzi mu gihe gito, none abategetsi bose bahungisha imiryango yabo bagasigara mu gihugu bonyine. Ni ikimenyetso ko u Rwanda atari gereza.Twashoboye gufunga uwahoze ari umukuru w'igihugu ubundi abandi barabicaga. Iyo ni intambwe muri demokarasi, turafunga ntitwica cyane, n’ubwo rimwe na rimwe urufunguzo rwa gereza rushobora gutakara mu musarani, abafungiyemo bagategereza izuka ry’abapfuye.Twazanye amagambo mashya menshi mu gihugu, ba negative fose, ibipinga, abakada, Aduyi, mabuuso, gutawanyika ndetse n’amasikoti n’ayandi menshi cyane, n’andi tuzongeraho. Ruganahe y’ubutaha iziga ingingo ku yindi.

Mutimurabye

 

Ubukungu

GAHUNDA YO GUTEZA RUBANDA UBUKENE IRAKOMEJE.

Mu numero zacu z'ubushize twabagejejeho iby'uruzinduko twagiriye mu bukungu bw'u Rwanda,icyo gihe twabanyuriyemo ukuntu twasanze bwararembye,abantu bamwe bagize ngo ni umugani,noneho ubu bumaze guhuhuka.

Ubu mu Rwanda ibiciro by'ibintu byose birarushanwa kuzamuka n'imibereho myiza y'abategetsi, ari nako bo bavuga ko ibintu bimeze neza cyane, ariko kandi nta mugayo ntibabimenya!Ubu litiro ya lisansi igeze kuri 540 Frw,ikilo cy'ibirayi 100 Frw,ikilo cy'ibishyimbo 200Frw,ikilo cy'ifu y'ubugari 200Frw,ikibiriti 15Frw.Telefone nayo ni uko bayihanitse ubu ikiguzi cyavuye kuri 25Frw kiri hafi 80Frw.Umuriro w'amashanyarazi wo abanyarwanda barawibagiwe kuko bawuheruka kera cyane. Ubu bahitiwemo icuraburindi,amazi meza yo bari barayibagiwe.Ibi byose bije bisanga ubutegtsi bwirirwa busenyera abacuruzi bato bato,ari nako buririmba indirimbo yo kwihangira imirimo,abayihangiye bagacibwa intege. Abana mu mashuri barirukanwa ubutitsa kubera kubura amafranga y'ishuri,nyamara Perezida Kagame ubwo yiyamamazaga mu matora y'ubushize yasezeranyije abana ko bazigira ubuntu batariha,na n'ubu barategereje amaso yaheze mu kirere,byabaye nk'ibya ya mabati Muvoma yijeje Abatwa,na n'ubu ngo hari abakiyategereje!!Iyo abaturage bagize ngo barabaza ibyo Kagame yabasezeranyije basubizwa ko abana batishyuzwa ahubwo ko ngo bagamba gutanga umusanzu,nyamara Kagame we yarivugiye ko bazigira "Ubuntu" none rubanda irimwo irigishwa "Ikibonezamvugo".

Hari uwatubwiye ko mu Rwanda ubutegetsi bufitwe n'Ubukene,bukungirizwa n'Udutsiko tw'abanyambaraga bari mu butegetsi,ngo Kagame akaza k'umwanya wa gatatu,birenda gusa nka bimwe byo muri Irani aho Perezida wa Repubulika aba yungirije udutsiko tw'intagondwa z'Abanyedini.Umuturage w'i Nyamirambo yaratubwiye ati "Akaga kabaho,niba Kagame yarifatiye ubutegetsi agirango azabe Umwungiriza w'Inzara ni Ubukene,ndi we nashishoza ngafata icyemezo cya kigabo nkabisa ubwo bunyagwa bw'Ubukene".

Tukiri ku makuru avuga iby'ubukungu bw'u Rwanda,abahanga babwo banyuranye twaganiriye bavuga ko imwe mu mpamvu zatumye bukomeza kuzahara,ari uko imfashanyo nyinshi igihugu cyahawe kikiva mu itsembabwoko zacunzwe nabi ndetse inyinshi zikananyerezwa,banatubwiye kandi ko hakozwe imishinga myinshi yizwe nabi kandi idakenewe cyane,nk'imidugudu,amazu menshi kandi ahenze,amamodoka ahenze kandi menshi....cyakora nanone ngo gukora ibyo ahanini ntibyatewe n'ubuswa ahubwo ni uko byoroshye kubiboneramo indonke.Bavugamo kandi n'ikindi kimenyetso gikomeye cy'ubukungu bwazonzwe ariko abantu benshi badakunda kwitaho,ngo icyo kigaragarira mu ihindurwa rya hato na hato ry'ifaranga rikoreshwa mu gihugu,mu myaka 10 gusa, u Rwanda rumaze guhindura inoti za 5.000Frw inshuro 4,iz'igihumbi inshuro 4,iza magana atanu nazo ni inshuro 4,iz'ijana ni inshuro 2 kimwe n'ibiceri byose bikoreshwa mu gihugu,ibi rero ngo n'ubwo rimwe na rimwe biba ari ngombwa ngo ariko iyo bikozwe nabi cyangwa kenshi mu gihe cyegeranye bitera ibitesha ifaranga agaciro, noneho igihugu kikuzuramo ibifaranga byinshi bidafite umumaro bigatera ingaruka k'ubukungu bw'igihugu. Ibi kandi ngo uroye mu Rwanda ahanini byakozwe kubera impamvu za politiki kurusha iz'ubukungu.Kuri ibi hiyongeraho ibibazo by'ama banki bimaze kuba ingorabahizi ahanini bitewe n'ibikomerezwa by'ingoma biyakoramo nk'ibyikoreramo kandi nta gitsure.Hari umunyapoltike utarashatse ko tumuvuga izina kubera impamvu z'umutekano we,watubwiye ko na we atangiye kwibaza niba koko Kagame yaratowe n'amajwi arenga 90%,ngo kuko ntibyumvikana ukuntu yaba yaratowe kuriya,nta n'umwaka urashira agashonjesha abamutoye kariya kageni.

Oreste Bikundiye

Aho bukera abakozi ba Rwanda Revenue baregura bose !

Hashize igihe kitari gito abantu benshi bibaza impamvu Rwanda Revenue Authority (ikigo gishinzwe kwinjiza imisoro n’amahoro) ikoresha gusa abakozi baturutse mu gihugu cya Uganda mu gihe ibindi bigo byigenga bikorera mu gihugu cy’u Rwanda usanga bivanga abakozi batitaye ku turere. Induru zaravuze cyane, abanyarwanda barasakuza kugeza ubwo n’abakozi bo muri Presidanse bahagurukiye icyo kibazo kuko byari biteye inkeke. Benshi batinye kubivuga ngo batarebwa nabi ariko twebwe nk’abanyamakuru twakomeje gukurikiranira hafi imikorere y’icyo kigoTwaje rero kumenya ko kuva mu kwezi kwa Mutarama 2004 kugeza muri Mata hamaze kwegura abakozi barenga mirongo itanu bitewe ni uko hariyo gutoneshwa kwa bamwe no gutotezwa kw’abandi. Twakomeje gukora isesengura kuri ayo makuru badutangariza ko hatoneshwa cyane abaturutse mu gihugu cya Uganda, abavukiye mu Rwanda akaba aribo bakomeje gutotezwa amanywa n’ijoro. Ibyo rero akaba aribyo byatumye benshi bahitamo kwegura kuko baburaga amahoro n’umutekano mu kazi kabo. Tumaze gukusanya ayo makuru yose, twagerageje gushaka umuyobozi mukuru wa Rwanda revenue Athority kugirango agire icyo yadutangariza kuri ayo makuru yose yatugeragaho ariko ntitwabashije kumubonaAmakuru dukesha ibiro bishinzwe imicungire y’abakoziyatumenyesheje ko mu mwaka w’i 1994 ibirebana n’imisoro na gasutamo byabarurirwaga muri Minisitere y’imari. Ikigo gishinzwe kwinjiza imisoro n’amahoro cyatangiye ku wa 1 Mutarama 1998, mu itangira habayeho gushakisha abakozi bashya kandi bashoboye umwuga. Abantu benshi bavugaga ko iyo umuntu abonye akazi muri gasutamo aba agiye gukira. Muri icyo gihe rero abakozi baho baranzwe na ruswa n’umushahara muto, kutita ku bintu bavuga ko ari ibya Leta.

Ngo leta yagendeye kuri expérience yo mu bindi bihugu nka Tanzanie, Ghana na Zambie Gouvernement igaheraho ifata umwanzuro iha Rwanda Revenue uburenganzira bwo kw

Bamaze gushyira ahagaragara ibigomba gukorwa hirukanywe abarya ruswa n’abafite ubumenyi buke basubizwa Minisitere y’abakozi ba Leta n’imirimo. Mu bakozi 400 hatoranyijwemo 218. Nyuma yaho habayeho gushyiraho abandi bakozi bashya, inshingano zari zahawe ikigo cy’igihugu gishinzwe kwinjiza imisoro n’amahoro zagezweho ndetse ziranarenga. Nibwo bahise bashyiraho Code de Conduite (uburyo umukozi agomba kwitwara). Iyo Code ikaba yarasobanuraga ko iyo umuntu agaragayeho ko yakiriye ruswa cyangwa yayisabye agomba kwirukanwa. Akaba ari muri uwo rwego rero benshi birukanwe kubera ko banyereje umutungo wa Leta. Ushinzwe imicungire y’abakozi yasobanuye ko benshi kuberako batinyaga gukurikiranwa kuko bakekwagaho kuba baranyereje umutungo, abandi bagafatwa bajyiye kunywa inzoga mu kabari bakagaruka ku kazi basinze kandi bibujijwe kunywa mu masaha y’akazi. Ibyo byose akaba ari bimwe mu bidindiza ubukungu bw’igihugu igihe cyose abashinzwe gucunga umutungo w’igihugu badashyize hamwe ngo batahirize umugozi umwe ntaho twaba tuva ntanaho twaba tujya.

Twaje gukurikirana dusanga ayo makuru twahawe nta shingiro afite, tuza kubaruramo abakozi bavuye i Bugande barenga 40 badafite n’impamyabumeyi y’icyiciro cya mbere cya kaminuza, ndetse n’amashuri yisumbuye bavuga ko bize atagaragara mu bushobozi berekana mu kazi. Twanasanze 99,9% by’abirukanywe ari abari mu gihugu mbera ya 1994, barimo na none abarokotse itsembabwoko bakabakaba 50% kandi hafi ya bose bize i mburabuturo muri finance, ishuri kugeza ubu ryari rikiga mu rurimi rw’igifaransa. Ibyo kwa James Musoni rero ni ivangura nk’ayandi risa n’iryo kwa Habyarimana kera, ndetse icyo kigo cye cyabaye nka minisiteri ya Yozefu Nzirorera kera.

Oreste Bikundiye

UmutekanoIyicwa rya LT. Colonel Cyiza noneho Ryaramenyekanye

 

 

Mu minsi ishize twari twababwiye ko Lt Colonel Cyiza bamwicanye n’umunyamulenge Eliezer Runyaruka. Iyo nkuru twari tuyihereye ko kuva escadron de la mort yabagotera mu muhanda ikoresheje ama taxi voiture abiri nta wongeye kubaca iryera bombi kugeza igihe twabatangarizaga inkuru. Twaje rero kumenya ukuri kose, Eliezer Runyaruka bamutandukanije na Cyiza, bica Cyiza, Runyaruka bamutegeka kwemera kuva mu Rwanda mu gihe iperereza rigikorwa. Nyuma rero runyaruka yaje kubonana n’imiryango irengera ikiremwa muntu yo muri Congo n’iyo mu rwanda, abo yizeye ababwira ukuri ku rupfu aherutse gusimbuka.

Muribuka ko Cyiza Augustin yagoswe ku itariki ya 23 z’ukwa kane 2003, ava kwigisha ku ishuri UNILAK, aho yahaye lift Eliezer Runyaruka, umwe mu banyeshuri be. Bageze mu nzira reo bagoswe n’ama taxis voitures abiri imwe imbere indi inyuma, babakura mu modoka yabo babashyira muri imwe mu matagisi babajyana i Kami aho baraye babazwa. Umwe mu barimo babaza yumvise Runyaruka ari umunyamulenge, ahamagara bagenzi be bajya impaka ndende, nyuma baza gufata Runyaruka bamujyana mu kindi cyumba. Mu rukerera basabye Runyaruka guhamagara umugore we, amurangira ahantu hari amafaranga mu kavalisi, amubwira imibare akora, ayikoze akavalisi karafunguka, maze umwe mu basirikare bari bamushinzwe ajya iwe kuyafata. Ngo umwe mu basirikare yaramubwiye ati" shahu uri umurame", maze mu kanya bamushyira mu modoka bamujyana i Bukavu, bamushyikiriza umu komanda witwa Ruhorimbere, w’umunyamulenge. Ibya Cyiza byo byaje kurangirira aho. Aho Runyaruka agereye i Bukavu, abantu baje kumenya ko akiriho, maze bimenyekanye ko ashobora guhohoterwa, Komanda Ruhorimbere, na we w’umunyamulenge amwohereza i Kinshasa, aho yari ari kugeza ejo bundi ku itariki ya 24 Nyakanga 2004.

Nyamara ariko mu ibaruwa Dr charles Murigande yandikiye ba ambassadeurs baba i Kigali, ku birebana n’iryo yicwa, araboherereza raporo bise iya polisi y’igihugu, ivuga ko ngo iperereza ryabo ryo mu Kuboza 2003 ryabamenyesheje ko Runyaruka yari asigaye atuye i Bukavu, aho yageze ku wa 20 Nzeri 2003. Mu kwikura mu isoni kandi polisi y’u Rwanda ivuga ko ngo Eliezer Runyaruka yavuganye n’incuti ze azibwira ko ngo yahagurukanye na Cyiza Agusitini ku wa 23 Mata bakava i Kigali bagana muri Congo. Ngo banyuze i Bukamba, hafi ya segiteri Kagogo, ngo bahasiga imodoka bambukana umupaka binjira i bugande ku maguru, ngo aho i Bugande bahamaze iminsi ibiri, ngo baza kwambukira i Rutshuru-Masisi muri Congomaze basanga ingabo zo kwa Habyarimana ndetse n’interahamwe aho zari zikambitse i Bunyakiri. Raporo ya polisi y’Igihugu ikomeza ivuga ko ngo Cyiza yahakiriwe neza cyane n’abo bacangezi bari barabanye mu gisirikari cyatsinzwe, icyakora ngo Runyaruka ntibamushize amakenga kuko yari umututsi. Ngo byaje rero gutuma ashobora kubacika, agera i Bukavu ku wa 20 Nzeri 2003.

Iyo usomye iyo raporo Dr charles Murigande yoherereje aba diplomates ugira isoni, kuko yaje isubiza ibibazo byabo kuri ririya yicwa, mu gihe Runyaruka yari yaravuganye n’imwe mu miryango y’abanyamahanga ikorera nyine muri Congo, iakaba yari yarahaye amambassades raporo y’ibyo bavuganye by’ukuri. Biteye rero isoni kuri leta irwanya ivangura kubona ikora giterahamwe ikica abantu ibanje gutandukanya abahutu n’abatutsi. Ibi ntibivuze ko na runyaruka yagombaga kwicwa, ahubwo yaba Cyiza yaba Runyaruka bagombaga kubareka umwe akikomereza akigisha undi akiga nta nkomyi.

Birababaje na none kubona DR Murigande w’umukirisito ari we ugerekwaho imisaraba nk’iyi yo kohereza raporo z’ibinyoma, cyane cyane iyo zirimo n’amaraso y’abantu bishwe badaciriwe imanza. Uretse ko na none imana itajya iziza abantu akazi bakora kandi ari ko kababeshejeho, baragahawe batagombye kugasaba. Ni yo ibizi.

Igiteye ishozi ariko ni ukubona batinyuka kuvuga ko ngo umwana w’umunyamulenge yataye ishuri n’urugo rwe ajyiye mu bacengezi, hanyuma ngo yahagera kandi ntibamwizere kandi opération nk’iriya idashobora kuba itateguwe. Abanyeshuri bo muri UNILAC batubwiye ko nta yindi mishyikirano yihariye Cyiza yari afitanye na Runyaruka uretse kuba ari abarokore bombi, ngo kandi Cyiza nta n’umwe atahaga lift kereka utayimusabaga. Aho rero bibera urujijo kurushaho ni ukumva Cyiza yatwara umuntu badafitanye gahunda , kandi yashoboraga kumubwira ko atanyura mu nzira imwe na we ntagire inzika abigiramo. Bitera ikimwaro iyo wibutse ko Cyiza atari akeneye kunyura iyo yose ngo ajye muri Congo, ahantu yize amashuri yisumbuye, umuntu uvuka i Cyangugu ku mupaka na Congo, akaba ahazi neza ndetse yaravugaga n’indimi zirenze ebyiri zivugwa muri icyo gihugu.

Na none icyo twashoboye kumenya ni uko ku itariki ya 19 Werurwe 2003 Cyiza yari yabonanye na perezida Kagame bagasa n’abatonganye, bapfa ibibazo by’imyumvire inyuranye byari biturutse ahanini kuko Cyiza yari amwatse imishahara y’imyaka itatu yamaze akorera MINADEF adahembwa, nyuma kandi akaza gusabwa gutegura amategeko agenga association y’abademob, nyamara ababimusabye ( barimo perezida Kagame) bakaba ari na bo banga ko inakora. Ngo ibyo byaje kuzamura utundi tubazo muri uwo mubonano, bituma perezida Kagame arakara, arasohoka Cyiza agenda amukurikiye. Hagombaga kuba rero inama ya guverinoma uwo munsi. Umuminisitiri twashoboye kuvugana yadutangarije ko ngo uwo munsi perezida yaje mu nama arakaye, aricara, asaba Makuza kuyobora inama ngo arumva atameze neza, ngo nyuma y’amasaha nk’abiri aza gushira uburake, ayobora igice gisigaye.

Ababikurikiranira hafi ariko ngo basanga bitarajyaga korohera leta gushyiraho komisiyo y’iperereza ku ruhare rw’abafaransa muri génocide ngo igere ku byo bifuza, kuko muri opération turquoise Cyiza yafatanije n’abafaransa kugarura bamwe mu basirikare bahungaga igihugu, ndetse baza no gufunga interahamwe nke bafashe i Kamembe mu mujyi. Zimwe muri zo ngo zafunguwe ejo bundi mu batagira amadosiye.

Muri 1997, Cyiza yashatse kurasirwa n’abasirikare ba APR ahitwa ku Mugera mu Gafunzo ari na ho avuka, ubwo yari yajyiye gusura Nyina. Byatumye ahita ava ku nzoga ndetse aba umurokore, kugira ngo atazahurira n’abagizi ba nabi mu kabari.

Amwe muri aya makuru tukaba twarayakuye mu gitabo giherutse gusohoka ku buzima bwa Lt Colonel Cyiza cyanditswe na bamwe mu barimu bamwigishije ndetse n’abo bakoranye, haba mu butabera, mu gisirikare ndetse no mu miryango irengera ikiremwa muntu. Nta wabura kuvuga ko mu gihe yari majoro, cyiza ari mu basirikari bake bashyigikiye imishyikirano ya Arusha, akaba yari yarabonaniye na Paul Kagame bwa mbere i N’sele muri Kongo ahasinyiwe amasezerano yo gufungura ibyitso. Nyuma Cyiza ngo yirinze kugira uruhare urwo ari rwo rwose mu itsembabwoko ryo muri 1994, ndetse aba no mu b’ikubitiro bazanye abaisirkare bayoboraga babashyikiriza ingabo za FPR Inkotanyi.

Ndatwa Ortega ( i Bukavu) na Jude Lizita i Kigali

 

 


Perezida Kagame ntacyizera umutekano we

Amakuru anyuranye kandi yizewe aratubwira ko muri iyi minsi Perzida Kagame asigaye afite impungenge z'umutekano we cyane,Hariho abavuga ko yaba amaze kugira abanzi benshi ahanini bakomoka ku mateka ye ndetse n'imitegekere ye,hakaba rero hari abemeza ko ariyo mpamvu ituma burya atagira uwo yizera mu mibereho ye.

Ibi bimaze kugaragazwa n'amavugururwa akomeye amaze iminsi akorwa mu mutwe"Republican Guard"ushinzwe umutekano we,mbere uwo mutwe wari ugizwe na bataillon imwe(hagati ya'abasirikare 600 na 800),Ubu barazamuwe bagera kuri Brigade (hagati y'abasirikare 3.000 na 5.000)barangije bacibwamo za unities nyinshi, harimo iy'iperereza, iy'ibikoresho, iy'ibya politiki.....k'uburyo usanga yararemye igisirikare mu kindi nka bimwe bya Mobutu Ndetse ngo bahise banashakira uwo mutwe ibikoresho bya gisirikare bihanitse byiganjemo iby'itumanaho k'uburyo rwose ntaho bagihuriye n'izindi ngabo z'igihugu mu bushobozi. Igitangaje cyane muri ibyo ni uko ubu uwo mutwe yawuhaye ba Commandants babiri kandi banganya amapeti, abo ni General de Brigade Jean Bosco Kazura usanzwe ari n'Umunyabanga wihariye wa Perezida na General de Brigade Alexis Kagame. Bikaba kandi bivugwa ko ngo Kagame yahisemo ubu buryo kubera ko General Kazura na General Alexis Kagame badashobora kuvuga rumwe igihe cyose, ngo bikomotse ko umwe yavuye i Burundi undi akava Uganda. Bityo rero ngo bikaba byabagora kujya mu mugambi w'ubugambanyi bubangamiye Umukuru w'Igihugu. Muri iyi minsi kandi bisigaye bigaragara ko ni joro mu masaha akuze bya bimodoka by'imitamenwa bita burende, bisagaye bigota quartier ya Kiyovu Perezida atuyemo,ibindi bigakora akazi ko kunyuranamo hafi aho.

Ibyo na none bikaba bitabura kubangamira abaturage cyene, kuko kuva mu Kiyovu ukagera kuri perezidansi ku kacyiru ndetse no kuva mu kiyovu ukagera i kanombe hose ku muhanda bibujijwe kuhahagarika imodoka. Hose hari bya byapa bisobanura arrêts et stationnements interdits. ( Birabujijwe kuhahagarara n’akanya gato). Ibyo byiciye isoko abubatse itaji yo ku cyimihurura ya SORAS yari yanateganije parikingi, bibangamira abakorera mu nzu ya depite Diyonizi polisi bavukijwe Parikingi, tutavuze ku Gisimenti, Prince house ndetse no kwa Kirimobenecyo ahahoze Tele 10.

Ubwo bwoba kandi ngo bukaba bukururwa n’urwikekwe ruri mu bategetsi ba FPR, mu tuzu bajyiye bubaka mu cyama hagati ndetse na Perezida Paul kagame adatinya kwamagana.

 

Amakuru y’akarere

Amakuru ya Kongo: Umunyamakuru wacu yanyarukiye muri Kivu y’amajyaruguru

Abarega ngo ntibifuza abana b'interahamwe n’inkotanyi bavutse bitewe n'ifatwakungufu!

Mu manama ngo yaba yarabaye mu miryango yo mu bwoko bw'abarega b'abanyekongo, bafashe icyemezo cyo guha Leta y'u Rwanda abana bavutse ku nterahamwe n’inkotanyi(zari zaragiye kurwana muri Congo) biturutse ku ifatwakungufu ry'abakobwa babo. Ngo bitaba ibyo abo bana bazicwa ngo kuko bafite impungenge ko bashobora kuzateza ingorane zo gusaba ubutaka cyangwa kugira uburenganzira ku gihugu. Abo bana bakaba bagera kuri 800.

Abo bana bavutse ku bagore batwawe bunyago n'imitwe yitwaje intwaro y'abanyarwanda muri Kongo. Nk'uko bivugwa abagore bagera ku 2800 nibo bari batwawe mu mashyamba interahamwe nk'uko abarega babivuga ngo basabye interahamwe kubagarurira abagore bazana 800 bonyine bahetse abandi batwite, abo interahamwe zagiye zisiga Inkotanyi zarababohoje. Ngo bari bamaranye nabo umwaka iyo mu mashyamba. Abandi bagore ibihumbi bibiri ngo baracyari kumwe mu Rwanda.

Nk'uko abanyamakuru bo muri Kivu y'amajyaruguru babidutangarije ngo kirazira ubundi mu muco w’ abarega gukuramo inda. Akaba ariyo mpamvu basanga icyemezo nk'icyo cyo kuba bakwica abana bamaze kuvuka cyashoboka.

Abo bana ni abo gutabarwa bikiri mu maguru mashya.

 

Generali Jerome Gakwavu amaze kwifatira agace muri Ituri.

 

Uwo mujenerali w'umunyekongo ngo amaze kwigirira agahugu ke ndetse na guverinoma. Akaba ngo ari akarere gafite umutekano uhagije kurusha na Kinshasa. Iyo guverinoma ye ikaba yarifatiye Aru, Ariwara na Mahagi haose muri teritwari ya Ituri. Hakaba ari ku mupaka wa RDC, Uganda na Sudani.

Biratangaje ko MONUC yicecekeye kandi hari igihugu mu kindi. Misnisitiri ushinzwe umutekano muri iyo guverinoma Bwana Idee Kalema, akaba akunze kuboneka cyane mu gihugu cya Uganda mu mugi wa Kampala aho akorera imirimo ya koperasiyio. Abantu benshi bakaba bemeza ko Uganda yaba ibafasha.

Umunyamakuru Maitre Lwarhiba umunyamakuru wa Radiyo Raga FM wagezeyo yadutangarije ko ako karere agenzura gafite umutekano uhagije, hakaba ari ho honyine muri Ituri hatari ikibazo cy'amoko.

Ariwara ngo ni umugi w'ubucuruzi ukomeye cyane urimo n'amamodoka yo mubwoko bwiza ngo udashobora no gusanga i Goma. Amafaranga akoreshwa aho ni amashilingi ya Uganda.

Ariwara kandi ngo batangiye kubaka amazu meza nk'ayo mu migi ikomeye. Ngo yatangije na gahunda yo guha abaturage inguzanyo.

Uwo munyekongo Generali Gakwavu nuwo mubwoko bw'abanyarwanda ngo ubwoko bwose bwo muri Kongo bukaba buri muri ako karere. Maitre akaba atangaza ko ariho hantu honyine umunyekongo avuga ikinyarwanda agatambuka ntawe umutunze agatoki.

Generali Gakwavu arasaba guverinoma ko azemera kujya muri guverinoma y'i Kinshasa ari uko yemeye kumwemera nka generali kandi igashyiramo n'abaminisitiri be ndetse n'abasirikare.

 

 

U Rwanda ruzashirwa ari uko rubashije gukorera ibyo rukeneye muri Kivu

N’ubwo tudasubya kumva amakuru y’umutekano muke muri Kivu, ntibibujije ko gahunda yo gufata Kivu n’ibiyirimo byose ikomeje haba ku nabi cyangwa ku neza. N’’ubwo kandi intambara ya NKUNDA na Mutebutsi yitiriwe abanye Kongo bavuga ikinyarwanda, amakuru twikuriye kuri Goma yatweretse byinshi, nko kuba bamwe mu banyemari b’abanyarwanda barahatiwe kuyiha umusanzu ngo barinde inganda zabo ziri kuri Goma, no kuba hari umunyemari w’umunyarwanda uri muri Gahunda zo gutera itabi mu karere ka Ituri ngo azabone iryo akoresha mu ruganda aherutse kwegukana mu ipiganwa. Abategetsi bakomeye b’u rwanda na bo bakaba bahafite imishinga, bakoreshamo bamwe mu banyekokngo bavuga ikinyarwanda. Leta ya Kongo ariko ikaba itarigeze ishira amakenga abo bantu bakorana na Leta y’u rwanda mu bucuruzi.

Ushyirwa mu majwi cyane ni Modeste Makabuza Ngoga na murumuna we Alex Makabuza. Bakaba barasatswe inshuro nyinshi babakekaho kuba bahishe imbunda cyangwa bambutsa imbunda mu bicuruzwa byabo n'ibikorwa by'amajyambere bavana mu Rwanda babijyana mu majyaruguru ya Kongo.

Mu bikorwa byitirirwa abo bagabo bombi, 70% y'amafaranga bashoye kandi bagikomeza gushora harimo gutangiza ubukerarugendo bakaba barasannye hoteli yayo iri Rwindi. Barubaka hoteli nshya yo mu rwego rw'amahoteli akomeye cyane ahitwa Keshero.

Bari guteza imbere ubuhinzi cyane cyane ubuhinzi bw'ibihingwa ngengabukungu birimo icyayi, ibireti n'ikawa ndetse bafite n’ibikorwa by’ubworozi. Uruganda rw'icyayi rwo bamaze kurwubaka ahitwa Kicanga, aho bagiye no kubaka urugomero rw'amashanyarazi rufite ubushobozi bwa 2000kva. Urwo rugomero rukaba ruzacanira abaturage b'aho Kicanga rugakoresha n'uruganda.

Indi mishinga bamaze gutangira harimo itumananaho ryo mu cyaro (Rural Communication) zimwe muri antenne zikaba zimaze kuhagera. Bashyizeho kandi na Banki izafasha abaturage Societe de Microfinance (SMF). Ibikoresho byose bikaba bitumizwa n’amasosiyete y’u rwanda, mu izina rya bamwe mu banyemari b’abanyarwanda.

Mu itumanaho no mu mabanki bamaze gutangirira mu mugi. Hari Banque de Commerce et de Developpement (BCD), iyi ikaba isa nk’intobo n’iyitirirwa alfred kalisa bita BCDI mu Rwnad, asangiye na FPR Inkotanyi, ikaba imaze igihe ikora. Hari na SUPER-CELL ( Rwanda Cell yo muri congo) ubu ikorera Kisangani, Goma na Bukavu. Hari kandi n’isosiyete y'ubwishingizi SCAR.Ubu barubaka uruganda rw'amasabune, ahegereye ikibuga cy'indege. Bazanye n'amamashini afunga icyayi mu dufuniko duto (tea-bags).

 

Urubyiruko rw'abanyekongo bavuga ikinyarwanda rukaba rwaratangarije ikiganiro cy'abana ku Ijwi ry'Amerika "Ejo bite ?" ko mu mashuri kuva aho MONUC itangarije ko ingabo z'u Rwanda zasubiye Kongo, usanga bagenzi babo barega kuba bagira uruhare mu kwambutsa bene wabo. Abari mu mshyirahamwe nabo ngo basigaye babishisha ku buryo amanama asigaye aba bakabaheza. Bose bafite impungenge ngo kuko ibyo bumva ku maradiyo amwe n'amwe na site za internet bihamagarira abandi banyeko ngo kubamagana bibatera impungenge.

Kongo yishisha ibyo bikorwa by’abanyarwanda iwayo

Iyo uvuganye n’abo banyemari bakorehswa, bakubwira ko ngo mu kubangamira abanyekongo bavuga ururimi r'ikinyarwanda mu bucuruzi bwabo mu burasirazuba bwa Kongo, ngo leta ya kongo yashatse guhagarika ibyo bikorwa byabo ngo hasigare hakora gusa amasosiyete y'i Kinshasa.

Ngo bananshatse bashatse no kwibisha uruganda rw'amabuye y'agaciro SOMIKIVU icukura PYROCHLORE NOBIUM amasosiyete yabo afitemo isoko. Ayo mabuye akaba akoreshwa mu itumanaho n'ibyuma kabuhariwe mu kubara. Urwo ruganda rukaba ruri mu karere gatuwe ahanini n'abanyekongo bavuga ikinyarwanda akaba ari nabo bayikorera ari benshi. Amakamyo yari atwaye ibintu by'iyo sosiyete akaba yarafashwe na interpole i Kampala bisabwe na guverinoma y'i Kinshasa. Ubu abakozi bafite impungenge ko bashobora kutazahembwa neza cyangwa bagahagarika imirimo.

Urwo ruganda rukaba rwari rwarubatswe n'isosiyete y'abadage GIF umukuru wayo akaba ari Metallurgie Broup.. Rwubatswe mu mwaka wa 1982 rutwara akandi kayabo ka miliyoni 58 z'amadolari zose. Rwaje kumara imyaka 7 yose rudakora rwaranangijwe n'intambaro rwongera kujyaho miliyoni 11 z'amadolari zo kurusana. GIF nyiri urwo rugana ikaba ifitanye na guverinoma amasezerano y'imyaka 25, ikaba inafitemo 20% y'imigabane. Ibyo rero bituma leta ya Congo isanga itagomba kunyurwa mu rihumye ngo ibyayo bikoreshwe ku buryo itazi.

Kugeza ubu inganda zikora PYROCHLORE NOBIUM ni ebyiri ku isi ni ukuvuga urwop ruri muri Kivu y'amajyaruguru ahitwa Lweshe no muri Bresil ahitwa PARA. Aho Luweshe niho bihendutse kuyicukura. Ndatwa Ortega

Amakuru magufiDepite abasi Mukama yambuye abana nyina abohereza i burayaNk’uko twabibabwiye muri numéro yacu ya 8, depite Abas Mukama uzwi cyane mu bikorwa byo gusenya yohereje uwo bashakanye mu buhungiro mu Bubiligi, aho yavuze ko ahunze ingoma y’agahotoro ya perezida paul kagame. Igiteye ikibazo ariko ni uko mu bana bane uwo mutegarugori yazanye, babiri ari abo depite Abas yambuye umugore we wa mber witwa Liliane, batanye bapfa ko Abas yahoraga amutoteza amwita Inyenzi. Uwo mudamu yaje kwiboneraundi mugabo ndetse ejobundi ku itariki ya 04 Nzeri bazashyingirwa ku mugaragaro. Ikibazo abo bana bafite rero ni uko iyo babapimye basanga ntaho bahuriye n’uwo mutegarugori ubagendana ku mweko, kandi yarageze i Burayi avuga ko ari abo yibyariye mu nda. Mu kinyamakuru Umuseso Abas yababwiye ko ngo yohereje umugore we kwivuza i buraya, ariko si byo kuko ibitaro byo mu Bubiligi birari kuri Gare du Nord ahubatse office des étrangers, kuko ari ho uwo mudamu akunze kuba ari kubera ko mu ntangiriro kubona impapuro byabanje kumurushya. Depite Mukama rero narekeraho akubeshya yemere ko abaye nk’abandi, kandi ajye akubita ababarira iyo atoteza LIPRODHOR n’amashyaka ya bene wabo kuko bashobora kubangamira umuryango we ukabura impapuro mu gihugu bahungiyemo inzara!

Kajeguhakwa yarafunzwe

Amakuru yatugezeho mu cyumweru gishize yatumenyesheje ko Depite kajeguhakwa afungiye muri leta ya FLORIDA ategereje guhabwa cyangwa kwimwa impapuro zo gutura muri Amerika.Bamwe babyitiriye ibirego by’amafaranga yarezwe muri leta, abandi ndetse barimo n’umuryango wa ny’i ubwite babyitirira politiki, ariko ikizwi ni uko uwo mugabo yari yarasezeye kuri politiki aho iva ikagera kuva umwaka ushize. Kajeguhakwa icyakora ntiyashoboye kumvikana na leta y’u rwanda yamuvugagaho kuba opposant politique ikanamushinja amafarnga. Bamwe banavuga ko uwahoze ari umujyanama wa kabirti wa ambassade y’u rwanda rwahama Fausitini na we yaba afungiye ko ari mwishywa wa Kajeguhakwa. Kugeza ubu iby’iryo fungwa ntibirasobanuka, ariko bamwe mu bategetsi bakoranye na we, Sebarenzi na Rwigema bakaba barasohoye inyandiko ndende yrerkana ko Ubutegetsi bw’u rwanda ari bubi ndetse ko nta n’ubutabera buburangwamo, basaba ko mu byo Amerika yakwirinda harimo no kohereza kajeguhakwa mu gihugu akomokamo ari cyo cy’u Rwanda. Kajeguhakwa ni we mudepite wenyine wafashe umushahara we awuha abana barokotse itsembabwoko ngo ubshyurire amashuri.

Abayoboke ba PSD ngo barashaka kwibonera Kagame

Abahagarariya Psd mu nzego z’ubutegetsi baherutse gusaba perezida wabo Visenti Biruta kubonana na Kagame bakamubwira akababaro baterwa n’uko ibyifuzo byabo bidahabwa agaciro mu miyoborere y’igihugu. Abo bayoboke babwiye Biruta ko no muri Forum nta jambo bafite, ngo kandi n’amajwi yabo yaribwe mu matora y’abadepite, mu gihe bari bashyigikiye umukandida wa FPR muri perezidansi. Ngo basanze rero bahezwa no mu butegetsi, none ngo barashaka kwibonanira na Kagame ngo bamubwire iribari ku mutima kuko basanga Biruta atabatumikira neza.

***********************************************

© RWANDANET 2004


***********************************************

Subscribe:rwandanet-subscribe@yahoogroups.com


To visit your group on the web, go to:

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/rwandanet/

 
***********************************************

10:08 Écrit par RWANDA_actualit | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) |  Facebook |

29/08/2004

Nouvel Observateur Hebdo  N° 2056 -&nbs

Nouvel Observateur Hebdo  N° 2056 - 1/4/2004 er

vateur Hebdo  N° 2056 - 1/4/2004
Interview: Claudine Vidal

«Oui, le génocide a bien été prémédité...»

Coupable d'avoir hier cyniquement abandonné les victimes à leur sort, la communauté internationale ferme aujourd'hui les yeux sur le régime militaro-policier instauré par Kagamé à Kigali



Le Nouvel Observateur. -Après le 7 avril 1994, début des massacres au rwanda, la notion de génocide a eu du mal à s'imposer. Existe-t-il aujourd'hui encore des formes de négationnisme?

Claudine Vidal. - Le terme de génocide a été très vite utilisé dans la presse. Dans les instances internationales, ce fut plus difficile. Les Etats-Unis, en particulier, ne voulaient pas que le mot soit employé à l'ONU car cela aurait comporté une obligation d'intervention. Cette première forme de négationnisme a été balayée dès le mois de juin par la reconnaissance internationale du génocide et par la création du Tribunal pénal international pour le rwanda. Mais il y a eu une démarche plus subtile et beaucoup plus répandue dans des milieux rwandais et chez leurs amis européens: elle consiste à dire que le crash de l'avion du président Habyarimana, abattu le 6 avril, a provoqué la fureur populaire. Les tueries, selon eux, ont commencé pour venger le président. Il n'y aurait donc pas génocide, puisqu'il n'y avait pas préméditation. Cela a pu être vrai dans certains endroits, mais ça ne suffit pas pour rendre compte de l'ampleur des massacres. Les enquêtes ainsi que les procès, passés ou en cours, ont démontré que le génocide a été prémédité et organisé, bien que l'on ne sache pas encore tout à fait comment tout cela a été préparé.

Certains rwandais défendent la thèse selon laquelle il y avait effectivement tous les éléments pour un génocide, mais sans que la décision de le déclencher ait encore été prise. C'est le crash de l'avion présidentiel qui a donné l'occasion de déclencher le génocide en profitant de la stupeur générale pour assassiner, la nuit même, les personnalités politiques qui auraient pu s'y opposer. Cette thèse n'est pas négationniste, mais elle intègre le fait qu'il y avait, à côté de l'élément organisationnel, une part d'imprévu. Il reste donc des points à éclaircir pour acquérir une connaissance approfondie du génocide.

N. O. - Certains parlent à nouveau de «génocides», au pluriel. N'est-ce pas une autre forme de négationnisme?

C. Vidal. - L'idée d'un double génocide a été répandue très vite par des milieux de la diaspora hutue, qui ont voulu faire reconnaître l'intensité des meurtres qui ont été commis contre les Hutus au rwanda même, puis à l'extérieur, notamment au Congo, par le FPR (Front patriotique rwandais, organisation politico-militaire des exilés tutsis qui ont attaqué le rwanda en octobre 1990). Il y a eu des massacres, y compris de familles entières. Ce sont des crimes contre l'humanité. On pourrait même parler de massacres à logique génocidaire. Mais on ne peut en aucun cas les assimiler au génocide prémédité dont les Tutsis ont été les victimes.

N. O. - Vous avez dit que vous étiez gênée par le personnage omniprésent du tueur à la machette. Pourquoi?

C. Vidal. - Parce que, très souvent, on ne voit que lui dans la presse et dans les livres sur le génocide. C'est grave, car cela pourrait accréditer la thèse de la réaction populaire spontanée. Cela revient aussi à globaliser la culpabilité de l'ethnie hutue, majoritairement composée de paysans. Or tous les paysans hutus n'ont pas participé aux massacres. Nous devrions tenir compte de l'implication politique de cette image du tueur à la machette et ne pas réduire la description du génocide à cet aspect-là.

N. O. - Que pensez-vous du régime instauré par le FPR?

C. Vidal . - C'est un totalitarisme fondé sur une organisation militaro-policière qui bénéficie d'une sorte de «convention du silence» de la part de la communauté internationale, peu désireuse de se voir rappeler qu'elle a cyniquement abandonné les victimes à leur sort. Du coup, il suffit, et j'en ai fait l'expérience, de critiquer le nouveau pouvoir pour être stigmatisé comme «négationniste», comme si critiquer le FPR revenait à nier le génocide.

N. O. - Selon des révélations attribuées au juge Bruguière, c'est l'actuel président du rwanda, Paul Kagamé, qui serait le commanditaire de l'attentat contre l'avion de son prédécesseur Habyarimana. Quelles peuvent être les conséquences de ces révélations?

C. Vidal. - Cela ne changerait rien quant à la réalité du génocide. Mais s'il était avéré que Paul Kagamé a été le commanditaire de l'attentat, cela aurait des conséquences sur l'interprétation politique des événements, à la fois en ce qui concerne les Hutus qui n'ont pas trempé dans les massacres et qui se considèrent à juste titre comme des victimes secondaires de ce génocide, et en ce qui concerne les Tutsis rescapés. Pour ces derniers, ces révélations, si elles étaient vérifiées, seraient particulièrement dures à supporter. Cela les conforterait dans le sentiment qu'ils ne comptaient pour rien dans les calculs politiques et la stratégie militaire du chef du FPR. Ils pourraient, d'une façon ou d'une autre, manifester leur mécontentement. En tout cas cela prouve qu'il reste un considérable et difficile travail de vérité à faire au rwanda même.

François Schlosser

 

http://www.geocities.com/nikozitambirwa/genocide_rwandais...

 

   

***********************************************
Subscribe: rwandanet-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

To visit your group on the web, go to:

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/rwandanet/

***********************************************

13:48 Écrit par RWANDA_actualit | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) |  Facebook |